William Earl Kennard (born January 19, 1957) is an American attorney who served as the U.S. Ambassador to the European Union (2009–13) and chairman of the Federal Communications Commission (1997–2001). He was nominated as ambassador to the EU by President Barack Obama in August 2009 and confirmed by the U.S. Senate in November. Prior to this appointment, Kennard was Managing Director of the global private equity firm the Carlyle Group. He was also chairman of the FCC after being appointed by President Bill Clinton in November 1997, serving from November 3, 1997 to January 19, 2001. He is also an advisor for the transatlantic think-tank European Horizons.
|United States Ambassador to the European Union|
November 23, 2009 – July 29, 2013
|Preceded by||Kristen Silverberg|
|Succeeded by||Anthony Gardner|
|Chair of the Federal Communications Commission|
November 3, 1997 – January 19, 2001
|Preceded by||Reed Hundt|
|Succeeded by||Michael Powell|
William Earl Kennard
January 19, 1957
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Education||Stanford University (BA)|
Yale University (JD)
Early life and educationEdit
Prior to becoming Ambassador, Kennard was Managing Director of The Carlyle Group, a global private equity firm with over $100 billion under management. Kennard joined The Carlyle Group in May 2001, where he led investments in the telecommunications and media sectors.
Work with the FCCEdit
Before his appointment as FCC Chairman, Kennard served as the FCC's general counsel from 1993 until 1997. He joined the FCC from the law firm of Verner, Liipfert, Bernhard, McPherson and Hand (now DLA Piper) where he was a partner and member of the firm's board of directors.
Before joining The Carlyle Group, Kennard served as chairman of the U.S. Federal Communications Commission from November 1997 to January 2001. He presided over the agency at an historic time. During his tenure, he shaped policies that created an explosion of new wireless phones, brought the Internet to a majority of American households, and resulted in billions of dollars of investment in new broadband technologies. At the same time, he implemented bold new policies to bridge the digital divide in the United States and around the world.
Kennard is well known for his advocacy for people at risk of being stranded on the wrong side of the digital divide. He implemented the FCC's e-rate program, which brought the Internet to almost every school and library in the United States. Under Kennard's leadership, the FCC dramatically expanded access to communications technologies for people with disabilities. The FCC also adopted policies to increase telephone service to rural areas, especially to Native Americans living on tribal lands. He reached out to create more ownership and employment opportunities for women and minorities.
Kennard currently serves on the boards of directors of AT&T Inc., Ford Motor Company, MetLife Inc., and Duke Energy. He is a co-founder of Astra Capital Management, a private equity firm. Previously, he served on the boards of directors of The New York Times Company, Sprint Nextel Corporation (national US wireless carrier), Handspring, Inc. (manufacturer of the Treo and other wireless devices), eAccess Ltd. (national Japanese wireless carrier), as well as on the boards of several companies owned by The Carlyle Group.
Time as ChairmanEdit
As FCC chairman, Kennard promoted the benefits of technology worldwide. He pioneered an innovative FCC Development Initiative to assist countries in the developing world to participate more fully in the global growth of digital technology. Through this initiative, Kennard signed the first partnership agreements on behalf of the FCC with ten countries on four continents to share U.S. regulatory experience with emerging regulatory authorities.
U.S. News & World Report dubbed Kennard a "consumer champion for the digital age." He has received many honors and awards for his accomplishments, including honorary degrees from Howard University, Gallaudet University and Long Island University and awards from the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation, the Easter Seals Foundation, and the Hispanic Chamber of Commerce.
During Kennard's time as Chairman, the FCC adopted new rules changing the rules of media ownership. The television duopoly rule was changed to allow companies to own two TV stations, provided they did not target the same demographic. Previously, a single company could not own two stations in the same market.
Work as EU ambassadorEdit
William E. Kennard was the first U.S. Ambassador to the European Union to work with the institutions created by the EU's Lisbon Treaty, including the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the President of the European Council, and the European External Action Service. He also strengthened ties and encouraged dialogue with the increasingly powerful European Parliament.
During his time in Brussels, Ambassador Kennard made reinvigorating the U.S.-EU economic relationship and eliminating regulatory barriers his top priorities. He was a key force behind the February 2013 decision to launch negotiations on an ambitious Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, which aims to expand trade and investment across the Atlantic and contribute to the development of rules that will strengthen the multilateral trading system. He also worked to revitalize the Transatlantic Economic Council (TEC) so that it could better fulfill its mission of promoting economic growth through increased trade and job creation.
Ambassador Kennard helped cement close U.S.-EU coordination on a range of common foreign policy priorities, including the Balkans, Libya and the transitions in the Middle East, and the adoption of historic non-proliferation sanctions against Iran and North Korea. He worked to ensure that the EU "pivoted" with the U.S. when it came to dealing with Asia and integrating emerging powers into the global system. He was a tireless advocate of the need for the EU and U.S. to work out compatible data privacy regimes in a manner that protects the personal data of citizens while facilitating the flow of commerce and allowing for effective law enforcement cooperation.
He was also the first U.S. Ambassador to the EU to actively engage with European audiences through social media. One notable event took place in February 2013, when Ambassador Kennard and EU Ambassador to the U.S. João Vale de Almeida co-hosted a "Transatlantic Twittersation," a virtual conversation whose hashtag #AskAmbs reached 1,400,000 impressions worldwide.
Boards and membershipsEdit
Kennard also serves on the boards of directors of nonprofit and charitable organizations. He serves on the board of directors at AT&T Inc. (elected Chairman of the Board in November 2020), Ford Motor Company, MetLife, Staple Street Capital and Duke Energy.  He currently serves as a Fellow of the Yale Corporation (Yale University) and is a member of the boards of directors of the International African American Museum and the Center for a New American Security.
In May 2012, the American Chamber of Commerce to the European Union awarded Ambassador Kennard its highest honor, the Transatlantic Business Award, for his contribution to improving transatlantic relations, removing barriers to trade, and promoting issues and policies that support U.S. businesses operating in Europe.
- "State Bar of CA :: William Earl Kennard". The State Bar of California.
- "William E Kennard, Born 01/19/1957 in California | CaliforniaBirthIndex.org". California Birth Index. Retrieved June 30, 2017.
- "Commissioners from 1934 to Present". Federal Communications Commission. 2013-06-05. Retrieved 2017-05-09.
- "European Horizons – A Transatlantic Think-Tank". europeanhorizons.org. Retrieved 2018-01-28.
- "Biography Of William E. Kennard". Federal Communications Commission. 26 October 2016. Retrieved 14 April 2021. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- "Biography Of William E. Kennard". Federal Communications Commission. 2016-10-26. Retrieved 2021-07-27.
- AT&T Inc. 2018 Annual Report
- "HPU Welcomes Former U.S. Ambassador and FCC Chairman William E. Kennard as Global Leader in Residence". High Point University. 2021-03-03. Retrieved 2021-08-30.
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