Third Council of Ephesus
The Third Council of Ephesus was held in the Anatolian city of Ephesus in 475. It was presided over by Pope Timothy II of Alexandria, and also attended by Peter the Fuller, then Patriarch of Antioch, and Paul the Exarch of Ephesus. It ratified a recent Encyclical of Emperor Basiliscus, reportedly signed by 500-700 bishops throughout the Empire, which condemned the Council of Chalcedon and particularly the Tome of Leo. This council thus constitutes one of the most significant synodical condemnations of Chalcedon for the Oriental Orthodox. In response to the accusations of certain Chalcedonians that they, the Non-Chalcedonians, had adopted the erroneous teachings of Eutyches, the attendees of Ephesus III summarily anathematized all teachings which compromised the humanity of Christ, but without any explicit mention of Eutyches. Additionally, the council restored the complete autonomy of the Ecclesiastical Exarchate of Ephesus (corresponding to the civil Diocese of Asia), which had been compromised at Chalcedon by ascribing authority to the Patriarch of Constantinople over Thrace, Pontus, and Asia.
|Third Council of Ephesus|
|Accepted by||Oriental Orthodox Church|
|Council of Chalcedon (not accepted by the Oriental Orthodox)|
|Second Council of Constantinople (not accepted by the Oriental Orthodox)|
|Convoked by||Emperor Basiliscus|
|President||Pope Timothy II of Alexandria|
|Topics||Christology, Monophysitism, Restored the complete autonomy of the Exarchate of Ephesus|
Documents and statements
|Condemnations of Eutyches, the Council of Chalcedon and the Tome of Leo|
|Chronological list of ecumenical councils|
|Part of a series on|
|Oriental Orthodox churches|
- Meyendorff 1989, p. 196.
- "Zachariah of Mitylene, Syriac Chronicle (1899). Book 5". www.tertullian.org. Retrieved 2020-05-04.
- Meyendorff, John (1989). Imperial unity and Christian divisions: The Church 450-680 A.D. The Church in history. 2. Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir's Seminary Press.
- Interpretation of the Christological Official Agreements between the Orthodox Church and the Oriental Orthodox Churches
- After Chalcedon - Orthodoxy in the 5th & 6th Centuries