The Shoes of the Fisherman
The Shoes of the Fisherman is a 1968 American film based on the 1963 novel of the same name by the Australian novelist Morris West. Shot in Rome, the motion picture was directed by Michael Anderson and released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
|The Shoes of the Fisherman|
|Directed by||Michael Anderson|
|Screenplay by||John Patrick|
Morris West (uncredited)
|Based on||The Shoes of the Fisherman|
by Morris West
|Produced by||George Englund|
Vittorio De Sica
|Music by||Alex North|
During the height of the Cold War, Kiril Pavlovich Lakota, the Metropolitan Archbishop of Lviv, Ukraine, is unexpectedly set free after 20 years in a Siberian labour camp by his former gaoler Piotr Ilyich Kamenev, now the Premier of the Soviet Union.
He is sent to Rome, where the elderly Pope Pius XIII makes him a cardinal, assigned titulus of the Church of St. Athanasius. Lakota is reluctant, begging to be given "a simple mission with simple men", but the pope insists that he kneel and receive the scarlet zucchetto that designates the rank of cardinal.
When the pontiff suddenly collapses and dies, the process of a papal conclave begins, and Cardinal Lakota participates as one of the electors. During the sede vacante, two cardinals in particular, Cardinal Leone and Cardinal Rinaldi, are shown to be the leading papabili (candidates). After seven deadlocked ballots, Lakota is unexpectedly elected Pope as a compromise candidate (suggested by Cardinal Rinaldi) by spontaneous acclamation in the Sistine Chapel by the College of Cardinals, many of whom have spoken with him and been impressed by his ideas and his humility. Lakota takes the name of Pope Kiril. Meanwhile, the world is on the brink of nuclear war due to a Chinese–Soviet feud made worse by a famine caused by trade restrictions brought against China by the United States.
The evening after his election, Pope Kiril, with the help of his valet Gelasio, sneaks out of the Vatican and explores the city of Rome dressed as a simple priest. By chance, he encounters Dr. Ruth Faber, who is in a troubled marriage with Rome-based television journalist George Faber.
A major secondary plot in the film is the Pope's relationship with controversial theologian and scientist Father Telemond. The Pope becomes Telemond's close personal friend, but to his deep regret, in his official capacity, he must allow the Holy Office to censure Telemond for his heterodox views. Nevertheless, the two remain friends and Telemond becomes the Pope's most trusted advisor. To the Pope's deep grief, Father Telemond dies from a neurological malady, shortly after giving the former some much needed support.
Later, the Pope returns to the Soviet Union, dressed in civilian clothing, to meet privately with Kamenev and Chinese Chairman Peng to discuss the ongoing crisis. Pope Kiril realises that if the troubles in China continue, the cost could be a war that could rip the world apart. At his papal coronation, Kiril removes his papal tiara and pledges to sell the church's property to help the Chinese, much to the delight of the crowds in St. Peter's Square below. This revolutionary action brings the world with a new chance at peace.
- Anthony Quinn as Kiril Cardinal Lakota / Pope Kiril I
- Laurence Olivier as Piotr Ilyich Kamenev
- Oskar Werner as Fr. David Telemond
- David Janssen as George Faber
- Barbara Jefford as Dr Ruth Faber
- Vittorio De Sica as Cardinal Rinaldi
- Leo McKern as Cardinal Leone
- John Gielgud as The Elder Pope
- Burt Kwouk as Chairman Peng
- Arnoldo Foà as Gelasio
- Leopoldo Trieste as Dying Man's Friend
- Frank Finlay as Igor Bounin
- Rosemary Dexter as Chiara
- Clive Revill as Vucovich
- Niall MacGinnis as Capuchin friar
- Isa Miranda as the Marquesa
Anthony Quinn was announced as the star of the film relatively early. The original director was to be British director Anthony Asquith, but he became ill in November 1967 (and eventually died a few months later) and was replaced by Michael Anderson.
The papal tiara used for the coronation scene in the film is modeled after Pope Paul VI's papal tiara.
The ending of the film was changed from the book. Morris West said:
Structurally speaking I've always thought The Shoes of the Fisherman was one of my weaker books. It wanders too much. The script for the film is tighter, more direct and I think it says in a stronger way part of what I wanted to say in the novel. We've come to a point in history where men – black or white, Marxist or capitalist, Christian or non Christian – are going to have to make a choice. They're either going to have to commit themselves to an act of love for each other or an act of hate for each other. Men on each side have to say: "Look we're all brothers. Why do we kill each other in the streets? Don't let's drop the atomic bomb. Let's talk for one hour more." Today this is the real triumph of good over evil. It's what I've tried to put into the last speech for the film.
Morris West said he spent months working on a scene where Telemond was questioned by the Inquisition. He says eventually the scene worked "but only because I raised hell after finding that it had been altered by the actors with the consent of the director. I argued that it destroyed the theological validity of the plot in violation of contractual obligations between the studio and me." West says that "By the end of the film the accumulation of the variations was such that I took my name off the script." This made him reluctant to sell "anything other than a thriller or a very simple story to the movies again" because of the way Hollywood "tends to distort the underlying philosophy and theology of anything that can't easily be shaped for the screen."
The film was the sixth most popular movie at the Australian box office in 1969. However, it was still a notable box-office disappointment. The escalating production costs of this film, along with Ice Station Zebra at the same time, led to the transfer of MGM President Robert O'Brien to chairman of the board, but he resigned this position in early 1969 after both films were released and failed to recoup their costs.
- "Metro-Goldwyn Omits Dividend; O' Brien Resigns: Board Cites Possible Loss Of Up to $19 Million in The Current Fiscal Year Bronfman Named Chairman". Wall Street Journal. May 27, 1969. p. 2.
- "M-G-M buys novel by west". New York Times. June 16, 1964. ProQuest 115588224.
- Scheuer, P. K. (September 18, 1964). "Broadway's mania: Set films to music". Los Angeles Times. ProQuest 155007657.
- "ANTHONY ASQUITH, FILMMAKER, DIES". New York Times. February 22, 1968. ProQuest 118209742.
- Dugas, D. L. (February 19, 1968). "Tradition guarded in film on pope". Los Angeles Times. ProQuest 155824077.
- La Badie, Don (May 5, 1968). "Pilgrimage to the Set of 'Shoes of a Fisherman': 'Shoes of a Fisherman'". Los Angeles Times. p. q1.
- PUBLISHING NOTEBOOK; JOSEPH HELLER IN DISPUTE WITH SIMON & SCHUSTER; McDOWELL, EDWIN. New York Times 1 July 1981: C.24.
- "The World's Top Twenty Films." Sunday Times [London, England] September 27, 1970: 27. The Sunday Times Digital Archive. accessed April 5, 2014
- "MGM Had Loss Of $2.5 Million In First Period: Substantial Write-Offs' Are Taken on Certain Films; Revenue and Rentals Drop Firm Had Year-Earlier Profit". Wall Street Journal. January 13, 1969. p. 10.
- "The Shoes of the Fisherman". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. Baseline & All Movie Guide. 2011. Archived from the original on June 8, 2011. Retrieved December 27, 2008.