The Return of Jafar

The Return of Jafar (also known as Aladdin and the Return of Jafar or Aladdin 2: The Return of Jafar) is a 1994 American direct-to-video animated musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney Pictures and Television. It is the first sequel to the 1992 film Aladdin, and serves as the pilot to the Aladdin animated series. Released on May 20, 1994, it was the first Disney direct-to-video animated film,[5] and marked the first American direct-to-video animated film.[6] Gilbert Gottfried, Jonathan Freeman, Scott Weinger, and Linda Larkin reprise their roles from the original film, with Jason Alexander, Val Bettin, Liz Callaway, and Dan Castellaneta joining in the cast.

The Return of Jafar
Returnofjafar.jpg
VHS release cover
Directed by
Written by
  • Kevin Campbell
  • Mirith J.S. Colao
  • Bill Motz
  • Steve Roberts
  • Dev Ross
  • Bob Roth
  • Jan Strnad
  • Brian Swenlin
Story by
Produced by
  • Tad Stones
  • Alan Zaslove
Starring
Edited by
  • Robert S. Birchard
  • Elen Orson
Music byMark Watters
Production
companies
Distributed byWalt Disney Home Video
Release date
  • May 20, 1994 (1994-05-20)
Running time
69 minutes
CountriesUnited States[1]
Australia [2]
Japan[3]
LanguageEnglish
Budget$5 million[4]
Box office$300 million+[4]

Though the film received mixed to negative reviews, it sold 15 million VHS tapes, grossing more than $300 million on a budget of approximately $5 million, making it one of the best-selling films on home video.

PlotEdit

One year has passed since the events of the first film. Aladdin and Abu have settled in the palace of Agrabah with Princess Jasmine and her father, the Sultan. Still yearning for adventures, Aladdin foils a criminal group stealing loot and returns it to the people of Agrabah. Meanwhile, in the desert, Iago escapes from Jafar's lamp. Tired of being taken for granted, Iago refuses Jafar's demands to free him. After throwing the lamp into a well, Iago returns to Agrabah, hoping to befriend Aladdin and return to the palace. During a confrontation with Aladdin and Abu, the three are attacked by the dimwitted thief Abis Mal, and his henchmen whom Aladdin had foiled; Iago inadvertently saves Aladdin's life. In gratitude, Aladdin keeps Iago on the palace grounds, promising to speak with the Sultan on Iago's behalf.

Meanwhile, Abis Mal finds Jafar's lamp in the well. Hindered by his incompetent new master, Jafar manipulates Abis Mal into wasting his first two wishes, then enlists his help in taking revenge on Aladdin. In exchange he will grant him a special third wish. Abis Mal agrees, also desiring revenge on Aladdin. Meanwhile, the Genie returns to the palace after traveling the world for one year. At the evening banquet, the Sultan announces Aladdin as the new grand vizier. Abu and Rajah discover Iago in the garden and chase him into the banquet. Aladdin asks the Sultan to pardon Iago, but Jasmine is dismayed that Aladdin never confided in her. Genie and Iago help persuade Jasmine to give Iago a chance. The Sultan remains suspicious, however, but issues Iago a temporary pardon, with the stipulation that Aladdin watch over him. However, Jafar sneaks into the palace and forces Iago to trick Aladdin and the Sultan to travel to a waterfall.

During the trip, the Sultan eventually forgives Aladdin, but Jafar ambushes them, sending Aladdin into the waterfall and capturing the Sultan, with Jasmine, Genie and Abu also caught and locked in the dungeon. Aladdin eventually makes his way back to Agrabah to warn Razoul, but Jafar, posing as Jasmine, frames Aladdin for the Sultan's alleged murder and sentences him to execution. Feeling guilty for his betrayal, Iago frees the Genie, who saves Aladdin. Jafar now controls Agrabah, but Aladdin vows to stop him by destroying his lamp. Iago decides to leave, but not before Aladdin thanks him.

Aladdin and the group confront Jafar in the treasure room just before Abis Mal can wish him free. However, Jafar knocks both Aladdin and Abis Mal out the tower and sends them hurtling through the Palace trees; Abis Mal dropping Jafar's lamp. Aladdin manages to free himself and the group attempt to get the lamp, but Jafar transforms into his Genie form, and incapacitates the Genie and shatters the Carpet. He splits open the Palace gardens, creating a pool of lava and traps Aladdin on a sinking rock. Iago returns and grabs the lamp, but is knocked out by Jafar. Though injured, he kicks the lamp into the lava, destroying Jafar. Aladdin rescues Iago as Jafar's magic is undone, restoring the Palace gardens and Flying Carpet. Everyone forgives Iago and is officially accepted into the palace. Aladdin ultimately declines the Sultan's offer to become the vizier, instead opting to see the world with Jasmine, much to Iago's chagrin.

In a post-credits scene, Abis Mal, still dangling from the tree, realizes he'll never get his third wish.

Voice castEdit

ProductionEdit

Following the success of The Little Mermaid (1989), Walt Disney Television Animation subsequently produced an animated television series of the same name that aired on CBS. At the same time, The Disney Afternoon had become a success with television series such as DuckTales and Chip 'n Dale: Rescue Rangers airing in a syndicated two-hour time slot. Before the theatrical release of Aladdin, Disney commissioned Tad Stones and Alan Zaslove to produce an animated series of Aladdin that would shepherd its transition from the movie into a television series.[2]

While conceiving the sequel, Stones became fascinated with the character Iago, commenting that "I said 'I want the parrot in there,' but he was trapped in the lamp [at the end of the Aladdin movie], so we came up with a story of how he got out and ended up with Aladdin."[3] As common with half-hour animated television series at the time, Disney initially planned to begin the series with an hour-long television special, but Stones suggested that the film should instead be released on home video.[2][7] The idea was initially met with some resistance from then-Disney Feature Animation president Peter Schneider and then-Disney CEO Michael Eisner who felt it would cheapen Disney's brand.[3] Ultimately, layout designer Paul Felix conceived the film's opening with the gang of thieves entering into a cave, which was then later animated at Disney Animation Australia. Impressed with the animation dailies, then-Disney chairman Jeffrey Katzenberg allowed for the first half to be animated in Australia while the climax was animated in Japan.[2][3]

Due to a well publicized bitter fall-out over the use of his voice in the marketing campaign for Aladdin, Robin Williams refused to reprise the role of the Genie, and was instead replaced by Dan Castellaneta (best known for voicing Homer Simpson).[8] Stones also claimed that Williams participated in selecting Castellaneta to voice the Genie.[9] It was also the first Aladdin full-length production without the original voice of Sultan, Douglas Seale. He was replaced by Val Bettin, who had previously worked with Disney on The Great Mouse Detective and who would reprise his role in the franchise's animated series and Aladdin and the King of Thieves.

SongsEdit

No.TitlePerformer(s)Length
1."Arabian Nights"Brian Hannan 
2."I'm Looking Out for Me"Gilbert Gottfried 
3."Nothing in the World (Quite Like a Friend)"Dan Castellaneta, Brad Kane & Liz Callaway 
4."Forget About Love"Gilbert Gottfried, Brad Kane & Liz Callaway 
5."You're Only Second Rate"Jonathan Freeman 

ReleaseEdit

Instead of the film receiving a theatrical release, Steve Feldstein, director of public relations for Disney's home video division, stated the decision to release The Return of Jafar on home video was due to time constraints claiming that "to put the film in the theatrical pipeline would have taken up to five years", but releasing it on home video would take "less than two years." In addition to that, Feldstein confirmed that financing was also a consideration since producing a direct-to-video feature would be "less costly to make than Aladdin."[10] Likewise, due to an expanding video market, Disney claimed demand from theatrical and video audiences for Aladdin and other characters was another reason for a speedy follow-up.[11]

Home mediaEdit

The Return of Jafar was first released on VHS in the United States on May 20, 1994, being the first installment of Walt Disney Home Video collection series.[11] In its first two days, it sold more than 1.5 million VHS copies;[4] more than 4.6 million VHS copies were sold in less than a week.[10] In the United States, more than ten million copies were sold, ranking among the top 15 top-selling videos of all time (at the time), earning $150 million in profits.[12] The film eventually sold 15 million units and grossed approximately $300 million worldwide.[13] The sequel's success removed what Los Angeles Times described as "the low-quality stigma" from direct-to-video, and caused Disney, Universal Pictures, and other studios to release more direct-to-video films.[14]

Originally released on VHS that year, The Return of Jafar was later reissued on Special Edition DVD and VHS (with "Aladdin:" added to the title) on January 18, 2005, the same day as its direct sequel, Aladdin and the King of Thieves, also received a re-release, with digitally restored picture and remastered sound. The Special Edition DVD, along with the other two films in the series, were placed on moratorium ("placed back into the Disney Vault") on January 31, 2008 in the United States, and February 4, 2008 in the United Kingdom.[15] The Return of Jafar, along with Aladdin and the King of Thieves was released on Blu-ray/DVD/Digital HD Combo Pack on January 5, 2016 as a Disney Movie Club exclusive in North America.[16]

ReceptionEdit

On the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an overall approval rating of 33% based on 12 reviews collected, with a weighted average score of 3.91/10.[17]

David Nusair of Reelfilm.com summed up most of the negative feelings that contributed to this rating:

Notable as the first direct-to-video Disney sequel, The Return of Jafar follows Aladdin (Scott Weinger) as he attempts to once again foil Jafar's (Jonathan Freeman) villainous plot to take over Agrabah. And despite the fact that he was freed from his lamp at the end of the first film, the genie (now voiced by Dan Castellaneta) is back and wackier than ever. It's clear right from the outset that Disney put very little effort into the production of The Return of Jafar, particularly in the realm of animation. The film has all the style and fluidity of a Saturday morning cartoon, while various songs are bland and forgettable. The repetitive storyline doesn't do the movie any favors, and even at a running time of 69-minutes, doldrums set in almost immediately. Castellaneta does the best he can with the material, but generally comes up short (particularly when compared with Robin Williams's manic performance from the original). The Return of Jafar is a thoroughly needless sequel that may keep small children engaged, but is bound to come off as nothing less than a huge disappointment for fans of the original.[18]

Despite the mostly negative reception, on the television program Siskel & Ebert, the film received a "two thumbs up" from Gene Siskel and Roger Ebert.[19] Writing for Entertainment Weekly, Steve Daly graded the sequel a C− criticizing it as a "knockoff" that "carries the Disney label and costs about as much as a tape of Aladdin, but it's clear from the first jerky frame that the same time, care, and creativity didn't go into it."[20]

AdaptationsEdit

ComicEdit

When Disney was publishing their own comics in the mid-90s, they produced a two-issue Aladdin comic presenting an alternate version of The Return of Jafar. It was titled The Return of Aladdin. The comic is introduced by the Merchant from the first film.

The story starts off showing that Aladdin has been particularly bored of palace life. Meanwhile, Jafar has escaped the Cave of Wonders. Iago is given the task of finding the right master for Jafar to manipulate. Their search seems hopeless as some people are able to enjoy all three wishes or messing up. They find someone to use the lamp, who is known as Isabella, a master magician. Isabella is similar in appearance to Jafar (except his clothing is green). His first wish is to return to Agrabah Palace (as he performed entertainment to the sultan in #1). His second wish is for an army of soldiers to pursue Aladdin and Jasmine when they catch on to Jafar's presence. He is persuaded to use his third wish to trap Jafar and Iago in the lamp again, sending them back to the cave. Due to persuasion by the Genie, the Sultan hires Isabella to a permanent entertainment job at the palace. The end of the story shows the merchant having a black lamp similar to Jafar's, but he claims it to be worthless.

Video gameEdit

The plot of the film is loosely used in Agrabah, one of the worlds in Kingdom Hearts II, and the Peddler appears from the first film. As in the film, Iago escapes from Jafar and does his best to respect Aladdin, Jasmine, Sora, Donald and Goofy, although Jafar coerces him into aiding him in his revenge, almost damaging Iago's friendship with Aladdin and Sora, but he redeems himself after taking a blow for Aladdin which almost claims his life. The Peddler, at the beginning, comes across Jafar's lamp, but sells it to Aladdin, Sora, Donald and Goofy for a rare artifact in the Cave of Wonders. Despite Aladdin sealing the lamp in the palace dungeon, the greedy Peddler breaks into the dungeon and frees Jafar, unleashing his fury on Agrabah until he is defeated by Sora and company. The Peddler's fate is left ambiguous. This was the first Disney sequel to have its plot adapted into a level in the Kingdom Hearts series, which was then followed by the Grid being an adaptation of Tron Legacy, and the Caribbean being one of Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End.

Furthermore, there is a mild allusion to the Agrabah boss battle in Kingdom Hearts. Sora must fight Jafar in Genie form, surrounded by a lava pit with raising and lowering levels, while Iago flies above with Jafar's lamp. Only striking the lamp has any effect on Jafar's health. This fight also takes place in the second game, Kingdom Hearts: Chain of Memories, and its PlayStation 2 remake. In both versions of Chain of Memories, the boss fight is due to the majority of the game being illusions created from Sora's memories. A second playable character, Riku, also fights the boss in his mode. The battle is once again visited in Kingdom Hearts Coded and Kingdom Hearts Re:coded.

Follow-upsEdit

The film was followed by a television series titled Aladdin, which served as the overall third installment, and another direct-to-video sequel, Aladdin and the King of Thieves, which was released in 1996. The franchise was later re-visited in "Hercules and the Arabian Night", a crossover episode with Hercules, and in Disney Princess Enchanted Tales: Follow Your Dreams.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "The Return of Jafar (1994)". British Film Institute. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d Strike, Joe (March 28, 2005). "Disney's Animation Cash Crop — Direct-to-Video Sequels". Animation World Network. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d Tad Stones (August 12, 2004). "The Tad Stones Interview" (Interview). Interviewed by Joe Strike. p. 3. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  4. ^ a b c Cerone, Daniel (May 20, 1994). "'Jafar': New Journeys to Profitland?". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 9, 2014. Cite error: The named reference "profitland" was defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  5. ^ Breznican, Anthony (February 17, 2002). "The Boy Who Never Grew Up Makes Comeback In Disney's 'Peter Pan' Sequel". The Hour. p. D6. Retrieved June 22, 2014 – via Google News Archive.
  6. ^ Martin, Theron (March 19, 2014). "Dallos Sub.DVD - Review". Anime News Network. Retrieved October 20, 2015.
  7. ^ Daly, Steve (August 23, 1996). "Wish Fulfillment". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
  8. ^ Fitzpatrick, Ellen (April 5, 1996). "Video: Williams in tow, Disney's third 'Aladdin' sets sail for video stores". The Detroit News. Retrieved August 15, 2014 – via Aladdin Central.org.
  9. ^ Rice, Lynette (May 20, 1994). "'Jafar' comes at the lamp, into video stores". The Desert Sun. Retrieved October 30, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  10. ^ a b Russell, Candice (June 10, 1994). "Sequel To 'Aladdin' Planned". The Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
  11. ^ a b Sinclair, Dawn (May 20, 1994). "Sequel To 'Alladin'". Chicago Tribune. The Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
  12. ^ Cerone, Daniel Howard (September 27, 1995). "Genie Grants Disney's Video Wish". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
  13. ^ Dutka, Elaine (August 20, 2005). "Straight-to-video: Straight to the bank". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
  14. ^ Matzer, Marla (April 16, 1997). "Direct-to-Video Family Films Are Hitting Home". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
  15. ^ "Out of Print Disney DVDs". UltimateDisney.com. Retrieved 24 September 2006.
  16. ^ "Aladdin sequels arrive on Blu-ray, Exclusive to Disney Movie Club members". Hi-Def Ninja. October 14, 2015. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
  17. ^ "The Return of Jafar (Aladdin 2) (1994)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 16, 2018.
  18. ^ "The Aladdin Trilogy - Reviews by David Nusair". www.reelfilm.com.
  19. ^ Ebert, Roger (host); Siskel, Gene (host) (May 21, 1994). "Maverick, Trading Mom, The Return of Jafar, Widow's Peak, Even Cowgirls Get the Blues". Siskel & Ebert. Season 8. Episode 37. Retrieved August 22, 2020 – via SiskelEbert.org.
  20. ^ Daly, Steve (May 20, 1994). "The Return of Jafar Review". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 15, 2014.

External linksEdit

  Quotations related to The Return of Jafar at Wikiquote