The New World (2005 film)

The New World is a 2005 historical romantic drama film written and directed by Terrence Malick, depicting the founding of the Jamestown, Virginia, settlement and inspired by the historical figures Captain John Smith, Pocahontas of the Powhatan tribe, and Englishman John Rolfe. It is the fourth feature film written and directed by Malick.

The New World
Theatrical release poster
Directed byTerrence Malick
Produced bySarah Green
Written byTerrence Malick
Starring
Music byJames Horner
CinematographyEmmanuel Lubezki
Edited by
Production
companies
Distributed byNew Line Cinema (United States)
Entertainment Film Distributors (United Kingdom)[1]
Release date
  • December 25, 2005 (2005-12-25) (United States)
  • January 27, 2006 (2006-01-27) (United Kingdom)
  • November 5, 2020 (2020-11-05) (2020 Re-released)
Running time
  • 150 minutes[2]
    (2005 limited release)
  • 136 minutes[3]
    (2006 wide release)
Countries
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
Languages
Budget$30 million[1]
Box office$49.3 million[1]

The cast includes Colin Farrell, Q'orianka Kilcher, Christopher Plummer, Christian Bale, August Schellenberg, Wes Studi, David Thewlis and Yorick van Wageningen. The production team includes director of photography Emmanuel Lubezki, producer Sarah Green, production designer Jack Fisk, costume designer Jacqueline West and film editors Richard Chew, Hank Corwin, Saar Klein and Mark Yoshikawa.

The New World was a box office failure even though it received many award nominations for Lubezki's cinematography, Kilcher's acting and Horner's score. The film was initially met with an only mildly positive critical response, although several critics later ranked it as one of the best films of the decade.

Plot

Pocahontas by Simon van de Passe 1616

In 1607, Pocahontas, the adventurous daughter of Chief Powhatan, and others from her tribe witness the arrival of three ships sent by English royal charter to found a colony in the New World. Aboard one ship is Captain John Smith, sentenced to death for mutinous remarks, but once ashore pardoned by Captain Christopher Newport, leader of the expedition.

While the settlement's prospects are initially bright, disease, poor discipline, supply shortages, and tensions with local Native Americans, whom Newport calls "the naturals", jeopardize the expedition. Taking a small group upriver to seek trade while Newport returns to England for supplies, Smith is captured by Native Americans and brought before Chief Powhatan. After being questioned, the captain is nearly executed but spared when Pocahontas intervenes.

Living as the Native Americans’ prisoner, Smith is treated well, earning the tribe's friendship and respect. Coming to admire this new way of life, he falls deeply in love with Pocahontas, who is intrigued by the Englishman and his ways. The chief returns Smith to Jamestown with the understanding that the English are to leave the following spring, once their boats return.

Smith discovers the settlement in turmoil and is pressed into accepting the governorship, finding the peace he had with the Natives replaced by privation, death, and the difficulties of his new position. Smith wishes to return to Pocahontas but dismisses the idea, thinking of his time among the Native Americans as "a dream". The settlers dwindle throughout the brutal winter, and are saved only when Pocahontas and a rescue party arrive with food, clothing, and supplies.

As spring arrives, Powhatan realizes that the English do not intend to leave. Discovering his daughter's actions, he orders an attack on Jamestown and exiles Pocahontas. Repulsing the attack, the settlers learn of Pocahontas's banishment. The English sea captain Samuel Argall convinces them on a trading expedition up the Potomac River to abduct Pocahontas from the Patawomecks as a prisoner in order to negotiate with her father in exchange for captive settlers, but not their stolen weapons and tools. Opposing this plan, Smith is removed as governor, but renews his love affair after Pocahontas is brought to Jamestown. Captain Newport returns, telling Smith of an offer from the king to lead his own expedition to find passage to the East Indies. Torn between his love and his career, Smith decides to return to England. Before departing, he leaves instructions with another settler, who later tells Pocahontas that Smith died in the crossing.

Devastated, Pocahontas sinks into depression. Living in Jamestown, she is eventually comforted by a new settler, John Rolfe, who helps her adapt to the English way of life. She is baptized, educated, and eventually married to Rolfe and gives birth to a son, Thomas. She later learns Captain Smith is still alive, news to which she has a violent reaction; she finds herself rejecting Rolfe and retreats to her loyalty to Smith, thinking fate spared his life and they are to be reunited. Rolfe and his family are given a chance to travel to England. Arriving in London and sharing an audience with the king and queen, Pocahontas is overwhelmed by the wonders of this "New World."

She meets privately with Smith, who admits he may have made a mistake in choosing his career over Pocahontas. He says that what they experienced in Virginia was not a dream but instead "the only truth." Asked if he ever found his Indies, he replies, "I may have sailed past them." They part, never to meet again. Realizing Rolfe is the man she thought he was and more, Pocahontas finally accepts him as her husband and love. The couple make arrangements to return to Virginia, but Pocahontas falls ill from pneumonia and dies near Gravesend. Rolfe still decides to return to Virginia with Thomas.

The film ends with images of the young adult Pocahontas and her young son happily playing in the gardens of their English estate. Rolfe, in a voice-over, reads a letter addressed to their only son about his deceased Native American mother, who is heard to say, "Mother, now I know where you live," with concluding images of nature in the New World.

Cast

Production

Development

Terrence Malick began work on the script for The New World in the late 1970s.[4] After The Thin Red Line, Malick worked on a film about Che Guevara and his failed revolution in Bolivia. When financing had yet to come through, Malick was offered the chance to direct The New World and left the Guevara project in March 2004.[5] Production on The New World was underway by July of that year.[6]

Filming

The New World was the first collaboration between Malick and cinematographer Emmanuel Lubezki. The film was notable for its emphasis on authenticity, from location, settings and costumes to the casting of Native American actors and extras who were trained by Blair Rudes, professor of linguistics at UNC-Charlotte, to speak a form of the extinct Powhatan language (a type of Virginian Algonquian) reconstructed for the film by Rudes.[7] Some footage was also filmed at Hatfield House in Hertfordshire, England.[8] Principal photography wrapped after three and a half months in November 2004.[6]

Post-production

The film was originally set to be released in November 2005, but release had to be postponed. Malick was still editing the footage he had shot. He is well known for editing his films up until the last minute,[9] often trimming his films and leaving entire characters out of the final print, as is the case with The Thin Red Line. In early December, a 150-minute version was shown to critics for awards season consideration. It was released for a week from Christmas to New Year's Day in two theaters each in Los Angeles and New York to qualify for the Academy Awards.

For the film's wide release, which began on January 20, 2006, Malick re-edited the film, cutting it to 135 minutes, but also adding footage not seen in the first release. He altered some of the film's extensive voiceovers to clarify the plot. Substantial changes were made to the first half-hour of the picture, seemingly to speed the plot along.[10]

Music

The New World
Film score by
ReleasedJanuary 24, 2006
LabelWaterTower
James Horner chronology
The Legend of Zorro
(2005)
The New World
(2006)
All the King's Men
(2006)
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
Filmtracks
Movie Music UK
Movie Wave
SoundtrackNet

The musical score for The New World was composed by James Horner. He worked first from the script and then from edited scenes. As the film was re-edited, more changes to the score were required. Because Malick's editing was extensive and involved reordering or dropping passages or inserting sequences, much of Horner's score was not used.[11] For the final version, Malick used sections of Horner's music along with the prelude to Wagner's Das Rheingold, Mozart's Piano Concerto No. 23, and other pieces. Horner and Glen Ballard wrote and recorded the song "Listen to the Wind", sung by Hayley Westenra, for the closing credits, but this too was unused.[12]

Reception

The New World opened to moderately positive reviews. The film has a 63% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 188 reviews, with an average rating of 6.74/10. The consensus reads, "Despite arresting visuals and strong lead performances, The New World suffers from an unfocused narrative that will challenge viewers' attention spans over its 2 1/2 hours."[13] Another review aggregator Metacritic gave the film a score of 69/100, indicating "generally favorable reviews."[14] Roger Ebert awarded the film a full four stars, arguing that "what distinguishes Malick's film is how firmly he refuses to know more than he should...The events in his film, including the tragic battles between the Indians and the settlers, seem to be happening for the first time." He also lauded Malick as a "visionary." Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle hailed the film as "a masterpiece," while numerous others such as Ty Burr of The Boston Globe, Peter Travers of Rolling Stone, Richard Corliss of Time, and David Ansen of Newsweek gave the film positive reviews.

On the other hand, Stephen Hunter of The Washington Post faulted the film for being "stately almost to the point of being static", while others such as Joe Morgenstern of The Wall Street Journal criticized it as "sluggish," "underdramatized," and "emotionally remote." While its release date was timed for consideration for awards season, it was nominated for only the Academy Award for Best Cinematography for Emmanuel Lubezki at the 78th Academy Awards.

In November 2009, Time Out New York ranked the film as the fourth-best of the decade, saying:

The particular power of this tone poem comes from how quietly resigned both characters are to their fates, as if they sense a guiding hand in their every action. The final passages of Malick's idyll, after Pocahontas takes a fateful ocean journey, are the finest work of his career, most notably in his portrayal of the princess's death and transfiguration—a shattering five-minute sequence that never fails to move."[15]

In January 2010, Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle designated it the No. 1 film of the decade.

Terence Malick's one-of-a-kind film, about the life of Pocahontas and the dawn of American history, contains some of the best filmmaking imaginable – some of it beyond imagining. I have seen it at least five times and have no idea how Malick knew, when he put it all together, that the movie would even make sense. It's difficult to write a great short poem. It's difficult to write a great long novel. But to write a great long poem that's the size of a great long novel – one that makes sense, doesn't flag and is exponentially better than the short poem or the long novel ever would have been – that's almost impossible. Malick did it. With images.[16]

The French film magazine Cahiers du cinéma ranked the film as 9th place in its list of best films of the decade 2000–2009.[17]

Film and television critic Matt Zoller Seitz has said it is his favorite film.[18]

In The Guardian, John Patterson writes that The New World "doesn't have fans, just fanatics":

This decade hasn't been up to much, movie-wise, but I am more than ever convinced that when every other scrap of celluloid from 2000-2009 has crumbled to dust, one film will remain, like some Ozymandias-like remnant of transient vanished glory in the desert. And that film is The New World, Terrence Malick's American foundation myth, which arrived just as the decade reached its dismal halfway point, in January 2006. [...] The New World is a bottomless movie, almost unspeakably beautiful and formally harmonious. The movie came and went within a month, and its critical reception was characterised for the most part by bafflement, condescension, lazy ridicule and outright hostility. [...] Its siblings are to be found throughout movie history and across all national and stylistic boundaries, from the silents to Jean-Luc Godard, James Benning and Stan Brakhage, or in Winstanley and Barry Lyndon. Its cultural hinterland is made up not just of other movies, but of Buddhism, ethnography and naturalism, Wagner, Mozart and the structural forms of classical music, Malick's enthusiasm for bird-watching, and a helping of Heidegger and Kant [...] It is both ancient and modern, cinema at its purest and most organic, its simplest and most refined [...].[19]

In a contribution to The cinema of Terrence Malick: Poetic visions of America, film scholar Mark Cousins writes:

By the end of The New World, it seemed to me, I had experienced something like a Bach's Mass in B minor or a poem by Percy Bysshe Shelley. It was about rapture and the end of rapture. It showed me seeing. It made me sensible.

In a 2016 international critics' poll conducted by BBC, The New World was voted the 39th-greatest film since 2000.[20]

Historical accuracy

Most scholars agree that there was no romantic relationship between Pocahontas and Smith. She would have been 12 years old in 1608 when they were said to have first met.[21]

Awards and nominations

AwardCast/crew memberCategoryResult
National Board of ReviewQ'orianka KilcherBest Breakthrough Performance by an ActressWon
San Diego Film Critics Society AwardsEmmanuel LubezkiBest CinematographyWon
Washington DC Area Film Critics AssociationQ'orianka KilcherBest Breakthrough PerformanceNominated
ALMA AwardsQ'orianka KilcherOutstanding Actress in a Motion PictureWon
Academy AwardsEmmanuel LubezkiBest Achievement in CinematographyNominated
Broadcast Film Critics AssociationJames HornerBest ComposerNominated
Q'orianka KilcherBest Young ActressNominated
Chicago Film Critics AssociationEmmanuel LubezkiBest Achievement in CinematographyNominated
Q'orianka KilcherMost Promising PerformerNominated
Critics Choice AwardQ'orianka KilcherBest Young ActressNominated
Mar del Plata Film FestivalEmmanuel LubezkiKodak AwardWon
Terrence MalickBest FilmNominated
Online Film Critics Society AwardsQ'orianka KilcherBest Breakthrough PerformanceWon
Emmanuel LubezkiBest CinematographyNominated
James HornerBest Original ScoreNominated
Young Artist AwardsQ'orianka KilcherBest Performance in a Feature Film
(Comedy or Drama) – Leading Young Actress
Nominated

Home media

A third, 172-minute version, dubbed "The Extended Cut", was issued by New Line on DVD in October 2008.[22] It contains new scenes and expansions to other scenes. The 135-minute and 172-minute cuts are widely available on DVD worldwide, with the 172-minute cut also released on Blu-ray. The 150-minute version was released commercially only twice—as a Digital Download briefly available to buyers of the US "Extended Cut" DVD in 2008, and on DVD in Italy as part of Italian distributor Eagle Pictures's 2-disc set, containing both the 150-minute and 135-minute versions of the film.

On July 26, 2016, all three cuts were released on Blu-ray and DVD in the United States by The Criterion Collection with the 172-minute extended cut from a new 4K digital restoration supervised by cinematographer Emmanuel Lubezki and director Terrence Malick.[23]

References

  1. The New World (2005). Box Office Mojo. Retrieved on 2010-12-22.
  2. "The New World (12A)". British Board of Film Classification. December 14, 2005. Retrieved January 24, 2014.
  3. "The New World [Abridged Version] (12A)". British Board of Film Classification. February 2, 2006. Retrieved January 24, 2014.
  4. David Sterritt (July 2006). "Film, Philosophy and Terrence Malick". Undercurrents. FIPRESCI. Archived from the original on October 29, 2010. Retrieved October 20, 2010.
  5. Tartaglione, Nancy (March 10, 2004). "Malick's Che decision deals morale-denting blow to indie sector". Screen Daily. Retrieved October 20, 2010.
  6. "The New World (2005) – Box office/business". IMDb. Retrieved October 20, 2010.
  7. "How a linguist revived 'New World' language", NBC News
  8. "FIlming At Hatfield House". Hatfield House official website. Retrieved August 6, 2020.
  9. "Dial 'D' for disaster: The fall of New Line Cinema". The Independent. April 16, 2008. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
  10. "The New World" Archived February 11, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, Real Alternative Site
  11. "Terrence Malick Made An Enemy Out Of James Horner & 7 More Things We Learned About 'The New World'". Indiewire. Snagfilms. July 6, 2011. Retrieved June 25, 2016.
  12. Goldwasser, Dan (December 27, 2005). "The New World Soundtrack (2005)". Soundtrack.Net. Retrieved May 17, 2015.
  13. "The New World (2005)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango. Retrieved October 11, 2019.
  14. "New World, The". Metacritic. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
  15. "The TONY top 50 movies of the decade". Time Out New York. No. 739. November 26 – December 2, 2009. Retrieved December 2, 2009.
  16. Mick LaSalle, "Top films of the decade", San Francisco Chronicle, 1 January 2010.
  17. Cahiers du cinéma #652, January 2010. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 4, 2013. Retrieved December 27, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. Matt Zoller Seitz introduces 'The New World', August 18, 2011. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oQyBz9JM0Fc
  19. "The New World: a misunderstood masterpiece?". The Guardian. Retrieved January 24, 2012.
  20. "The 21st century's 100 greatest films". BBC. August 23, 2016. Retrieved January 14, 2017.
  21. "Pocahontas, In Our Time - BBC Radio 4". BBC. Retrieved February 19, 2017.
  22. The Hollywood News – DVD Review: The New World (2005). Archived October 14, 2008, at the Wayback Machine Oct 6, 2008.
  23. "The New World (2005)". The Criterion Collection. The Criterion Collection. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
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