The Anderson Platoon
The Anderson Platoon (French: La Section Anderson, released in 1966 in Europe, 1967 in the US) is a documentary feature by Pierre Schoendoerffer about the Vietnam War, named after the leader of the platoon - Lieutenant Joseph B. Anderson - with which Schoendeorffer was embedded. Two decades later, a sequel was released as Reminiscence.
|The Anderson Platoon|
La Section Anderson
|Directed by||Pierre Schoendoerffer|
|Written by||Pierre Schoendoerffer|
|Produced by||Pierre Schoendoerffer|
|Starring||Joseph B. Anderson|
|Narrated by||Pierre Schoendoerffer|
Stuart Whitman English version
|Distributed by||Office de Radiodiffusion Télévision Française (France)|
65 minutes (uncut)
In summer 1966, France Soir news magazine director and French public channel ORTF producer Pierre Lazareff proposed that war reporter and director Pierre Schoendoerffer complete the "unachieved" war documentary Schoendoerffer began in 1954.
Back in May 1954, Schoendoerffer was covering the First Indochina War for the French army's cinematographic service SCA. At the siege of Dien Bien Phu, he filmed the battle between the French Union forces and the Viet Minh, but his reels were captured when he surrendered to the enemy.
After French forces departed from Vietnam in 1956, the United States increased their support for the south, culminating in full scale military intervention and the Vietnam War.
Arguing that "the war was the same, the French only switching with the Americans", Lazareff convinced the French veteran to return to Vietnam as a kind of second chance to complete his war documentary.
On 1 August 1965, the 1st Cavalry Division (United States) is sent to South Vietnam. The following year in September, Schoendoerffer joins it and follows a 33-man platoon of GIs led by Black West Pointer Lieutenant Joseph B. Anderson (24) until October 1966.
- 1967: Prix Italia for Original Dramatic Program
- 1968: Emmy Award for the Best Documentary Film of 1967
- 1967: Academy Award for Documentary Feature
- 1968: Merit Award (BBC)
Some time after the film was released, Captain Joseph B. Anderson, Jr., the leader of the unit of the US Army's 1st Cavalry Division after whom the film is named, commented on the film (and on his other experiences in Vietnam and in the military, in general) in Wallace Terry's book Bloods: An Oral History of the Vietnam War by Black Veterans (1984).
He observed, on page 227:
After visiting different operations around the country, both army and Marine, he settled on the 1st Cav because of the new approach of our air mobility, or helicopter orientation. And he wound up with my platoon because of its racial mix - we had American Indians and Mexican-Americans - to our success in finding the lost platoon, my West Point background and ability to speak French. He and the film crew stayed with us day and night for six weeks, filming everything we did. They spoke very good English, and I didn't speak good enough French. And Schoendoerffer had as much knowledge and experience about the war as any of us. The film would be called The Anderson Platoon. And it would make us famous.
On page 230, Captain Anderson discuses the death from friendly fire of a white soldier named Shannon, from California, who is introduced in the film at approximately 6'50". Anderson states: "I did write a letter to his folks, telling them he did an exceptionally good job. I did not describe the circumstances under which he was killed, because we were directed not to put those kinds of details in letters whatever the case may be." He continues: "The film describes the grenade as an enemy grenade. Which is not the real circumstances."
On page 233, Captain Anderson notes: "I spent my last months in the base camp at An Khe, an aide to the commanding general. Being featured in The Anderson Platoon had obviously helped my career."
CBS premiered the English dub version on television in the United States on July 4, 1967. Shortly after its 1968 Academy Award, it was broadcast a second time in France's ORTF.
In West Germany, the 62 min. version was broadcast on July 17, 1968, on NDR, SFB, and Bremen III. After the Berlin wall's fall it was broadcast in Germany, on WDR, on January 15, 1995.
This documentary was originally made for a French TV show and was released in theaters in the United States only.
- La Section Anderson: original title.
- The Anderson Platoon: English re-edited uncensored version title. This is the only accurate account for this title.
- 2. Kompanie, 1. Zug, Vietnam 1966 ("2nd Company, 1st Platoon, Vietnam 1966"): West German title. The "Anderson Platoon"'s actual name is "1st Platoon". The platoon belongs to the "B" for "Bravo" Company (the second letter in the English alphabet), and the documentary was shot in South Vietnam in 1966, hence the German title.
- Abteilung Anderson ("Detachment Anderson"): German title after the reunification. This is a translation of the original title; "Detachment" is a synonym for "Platoon" in French.
The Anderson Platoon was made available on VHS tapes in the United States only.
A 60 min. VHS re-edited uncensored video edition was released in December 1987 by Hollywood Select Video. It was re-released by Timeless Video in May 1990. Timeless released a second print in June 1999.
By June 2000, Homevision released the original 65 min. French version subtitled in English.
Video on demandEdit
- 1st Cavalry Division (United States)
- Vietnam war
- The 317th Platoon (1965)
- Platoon (1986)
- Joe Anderson's Interview with West Point Center for Oral History http://www.westpointcoh.org/interviews/before-and-after-the-anderson-platoon-a-lifetime-of-leadership-service-and-achievement see also http://www.westpointcoh.org/
- (in French) La Section Anderson on the ORTF in 1968, 10 min. sample (National Audiovisual Institute)
- The Anderson Platoon is available for free download at the Internet Archive
- "Prix Italia (1967)". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
- "NY Times: The Anderson Platoon". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. Baseline & All Movie Guide. 2011. Archived from the original on 21 May 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2008.
- Terry, Wallace (1984). Bloods: An Oral History of the Vietnam War by Black Veterans. Random House. pp. 225–234. ISBN 0394530284.
- Vietnam: la section Anderson at the Institut national de l'audiovisuel
- The Anderson Platoon at IMDb
- The Anderson Platoon at AllMovie
- "Men at War: A French View". TIME. 17 February 1967. Archived from the original on 22 February 2008.
- "How One French Director Brought the Vietnam War Home for Americans" by James T. Quinlivan, published at The National Interest on October 22, 2017