Siam Devadhiraj

Phra Siam Devadhiraj (Thai: พระสยามเทวาธิราช, RTGSPhra Sayam Thewathirat) is a guardian deity personifying supernatural protection over the country of Thailand. The deity (deva, a sanskrit origin word, sometimes translated as "god" or "angel") is represented by an idol enshrined in the Phaisan Thaksin Throne Hall of the Grand Palace. The statue, eight inches tall and made of solid gold, was commissioned by King Mongkut (Rama IV), probably around the years 1859–1860.[1] It shows the deva in royal dress, holding a sword in the right hand and with the left hand at chest level in a blessing posture. The deity is worshipped in an annual private royal ceremony on the first waxing moon of the fifth Thai lunar month, which marks the traditional New Year in the Thai lunar calendar.[2][3]

Phra Siam Devadhiraj
พระสยามเทวาธิราช
guardian deity of Thailand
Phra Sayamadevathiraja.jpg
Replica figurine at Wat Khung Taphao, Uttaradit
AffiliationThai Hinduism and Buddhism
AbodeThailand
ArtifactsGolden idol of Phra Siam Devadhiraj, Phaisan Thaksin Throne Hall, Grand Palace, Bangkok

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ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ กิเลน ประลองเชิง (4 November 2010). "พระสยามเทวาธิราช". Thairath (in Thai). Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  2. ^ โรม บุนนาค (2 January 2019). "พระสยามเทวาธิราช เทวดาผู้คุ้มครองประเทศไทย! วิกฤติการณ์ผ่านพ้นได้หลายครั้ง!!". Manager Online (in Thai). Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  3. ^ "พระราชพิธีบวงสรวงพระสยามเทวาธิราช". Thai Studies CU (in Thai). Institute of Thai Studies, Chulalongkorn University. 29 September 2018. Retrieved 20 January 2019.