Second Council of Dvin

The Second Council of Dvin was a church Synod or ecumenical Council held in 554 in the city of Dvin (then in Sasanian Armenia).[1][2][3]

Second Council of Dvin
Date554
Accepted byArmenian Apostolic Church
Previous council
First Council of Dvin
Next council
Third Council of Dvin
Convoked byNerses II of Bagrevand
LocationDvin
Chronological list of ecumenical councils

The Second Council of Dvin was called by Catholicos Nerses II of Bagrevand,[4] and the bishops declined to accept the canons of Chalcedon. This was significant as it was the moment where the Armenian church declined to accept the dyophysite formula that had been adopted by the majority of Christendom at the Council of Chalcedon. This decision was made because of the Armenian's observation that the decrees of Chalcedon had caused the doctrine of Nestorius to spread.

Impact of the CouncilEdit

This rejection marks the point of separation between the Armenian Apostolic Church and Oriental Orthodoxy more generally from the rest of Christendom (the Eastern Orthodox Church and Roman Catholic Church were still united).[5][6][7][8]

The Council also marks the beginning of the Armenian Church Calendar,[9] and also established various administration and conduct rules and regulations for members of the Armenian Church.[10]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Armenia: The marzpans, at Britannica.
  2. ^ H.H. Karekin I's Council of Chalcedon and the Armenian Church (Karekin Sarkissian, 2006).
  3. ^ Kettenhofen, Erich (1996). "DVIN". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. VII, Fasc. 6. pp. 616–619.
  4. ^ Augustine Casiday, The Orthodox Christian World (Routledge, 21 Aug 2012) page 47-48.
  5. ^ Rouben Paul Adalian, Historical Dictionary of Armenia (Scarecrow Press, 2010) page 120.
  6. ^ Philip Francis Esler, The Early Christian World, Volume 1 (Taylor & Francis, 2000) p 334.
  7. ^ RELIGIOUS HISTORY OF ARMENIA.
  8. ^ Oliver Nicholson, The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity (Oxford University Press, 19 Apr 2018) page 423.
  9. ^ Rouben Paul Adalian, Historical Dictionary of Armenia (Scarecrow Press, 2010) page 286.
  10. ^ Tim Greenwood, The Universal History of Step'anos Taronec'i: Introduction, Translation, and Commentary (Oxford University Press, 2017) p150-151.