Syfy (formerly Sci-Fi Channel, later shortened to Sci Fi; stylized as SYFY) is an American basic cable channel owned by the NBCUniversal Television and Streaming division of Comcast's NBCUniversal through NBCUniversal Cable Entertainment. Launched on September 24, 1992, the channel deals in programming relating to the science fiction, horror, and fantasy genres.
|Headquarters||Comcast Building, New York City, New York, U.S.|
|Picture format||1080p HDTV|
(downscaled to letterboxed 480i for the SDTV feed)
|Owner||NBCUniversal Television and Streaming|
|Parent||NBCUniversal Cable Entertainment|
|Launched||September 24, 1992|
|Webcast||Watch live (U.S. pay-TV subscribers only)|
|DirecTV||Channel 244 (HD/SD)|
|C-Band – H2H/4DTV|
|Apple TV||tvOS Application|
|fuboTV, YouTube TV, Hulu Live TV, DirecTV Stream, Sling TV|
As of January 2016, Syfy is available to 92.4 million households in America.
In 1989, in Boca Raton, Florida, communications attorney Mitchell Rubenstein and his wife Laurie Silvers devised the concept for the Sci-Fi Channel. They planned to have it begin broadcasting in December 1990, but they lacked the resources to launch it. In March 1992, the concept was picked up by USA Networks, then a joint venture between Paramount Pictures and Universal Studios. The channel was seen as a natural fit with classic films and television series that both studios had in their vaults, including Universal's Dracula, Frankenstein, and the Rod Serling TV series Night Gallery, along with Paramount's Star Trek television series. Star Trek's creator Gene Roddenberry and author Isaac Asimov were among those on the initial advisory board, but both had died by the time the channel finally launched on September 24, 1992. Rubenstein recalled: "The first thing that was on the screen was 'Dedicated to the memories of Isaac Asimov and Gene Roddenberry'." Leonard Nimoy was master of ceremonies at the channel's launch party, held at the Hayden Planetarium in Manhattan. Asimov's widow Janet and Roddenberry's widow Majel Barrett were both in attendance. The first program shown on the network was the film Star Wars.
In 1994, Paramount was sold to Viacom, followed by Seagram's purchase of a controlling stake in MCA (of which Universal was a subsidiary) from the Matsushita Electric Industrial Company the next year. In 1997, Viacom sold its stake in USA Networks to Universal, who spun off all its television assets to Barry Diller the next year into the new company Studios USA. Three years later, Diller would sell Studios USA back to Universal, by then a subsidiary of Vivendi SA (at the time known as Vivendi Universal). Vivendi's film and television production and cable television assets were then merged with General Electric's NBC to form NBC Universal in 2004. In 2010, Comcast purchased Syfy's parent company NBCUniversal.
A high definition version of the channel launched on October 3, 2007, on DirecTV. In 2013, Syfy was given the James Randi Educational Foundation's Pigasus Award for what was described as questionable reality programming involving paranormal subjects.
From 1992 to 1999, the network's first logo consisted of a planet with a ring, made to look like Saturn, with "SCI-FI CHANNEL" written on it. The network's second logo, which was used from 1999 to 2002, dropped the hyphen and the word "CHANNEL" from the name. The network's third and final "ringed planet" logo ran from 2002 to 2009, and was designed by Lambie-Nairn. The logo made its debut on December 2, 2002, with the launch of the Steven Spielberg miniseries Taken. The network also launched a new image campaign with the tagline "If", which expresses the limitless possibilities of the imagination. Identification bumps depicted surreal situations such as a baby breathing fire, as well as a woman in a stately sitting room kissing a bug-eyed, big-eared animal.
On March 16, 2009, NBCUniversal announced that Sci Fi was rebranding as "Syfy". Network officials also noted that, unlike the generic term "sci fi", which represents the entire genre, the term "Syfy" as a sensational spelling can be protected by trademark and therefore would be easier to market on other goods or services without fear of confusion with other companies' products. The only significant previous use of the term "Syfy" in relation to science fiction was by the website SyFy Portal, which became Airlock Alpha after selling the brand to an unnamed company in February 2009.
The name change was greeted with initial negativity, with people deliberately mispronouncing "Syfy" as // SIF-ee or // SEE-fee to make fun of the name change. The parody news anchor Stephen Colbert made fun of the name change on The Colbert Report by giving the channel a "Tip of the Hat" for "spelling the name the way it's pronounced" and noting that "the tide is turning in my long fought battle against the insidious 'soft C'". The new name took effect on July 7, 2009. Syfy has since added reality shows and edged further from strictly science fiction, fantasy and horror programming.
The rebranding efforts at NBC Universal's Sci Fi Channels worldwide resulted in most rebranding as "Syfy" or "Syfy Universal"; however, over one-third of the channels did not take on "Syfy" as any part of their names: channels in Japan and the Philippines rebranded to or were replaced by Universal Channel, while each of the channels in Poland, Romania, Serbia, and Slovenia would become Sci Fi Universal. In Polish, "Syfy" does not suggest imagination or science fiction, but rather something gross, without value or even syphilis. In Australia, the Sci Fi channel was a joint venture not solely owned by NBC Universal; the channel was uniquely rebranded as "SF" until its closure, and was replaced by an NBC Universal solely-owned version of Syfy, branded as such, matching the standard international "Syfy" branding TV.
On May 11, 2017, in honor of the network's upcoming 25th anniversary, Syfy unveiled a major rebranding that took effect on-air June 19. The new branding was intended to re-position the channel back towards targeting fans of the fantasy and sci-fi genres. Network head Chris McCumber explained that the network's goal was to "put fans at the center of everything we do", and explained a stacked, square-shaped form of the logo as being akin to a "badge". Syfy also planned to place a larger focus on its genre news division Syfy Wire, disclosing the possibility of extending the website to television as well.
Syfy's original programming includes made-for-cable movies, miniseries, and television series. Under NBCUniversal ownership, the channel has expanded into general-interest programming outside of the sci-fi genre to target a more mainstream audience. Such programming has included crime dramas, WCG Ultimate Gamer, and professional wrestling from WWE (including ECW, NXT, and SmackDown).
During its early years, Syfy aired Japanese anime films and original video animations. On June 11, 2007, the channel launched a weekly two-hour programming block called "Ani-Monday", featuring English dubs of various anime series licensed by Manga Entertainment. During February 2008, the channel also aired anime on Tuesday nights in a second programming block. In July 2009, Syfy announced that they had renewed and expanded their licensing agreement with Manga Entertainment to add a two-hour block of horror anime (also called "Ani-Monday") to sister channel Chiller. Syfy's anime block was later moved to Thursday nights, starting March 14, 2011, where it remained until all anime programming was dropped on June 9, 2011.
Syfy original filmsEdit
Sci Fi Pictures original films are independently-made B-movies with production budgets of $1 million to $2 million each. The initiative was spearheaded by Thomas Vitale in 2001, and was managed by Vitale, Chris Regina, and Ray Cannella, with the later additions of Karen O'Hara and Macy Lao. Syfy is also one of the sponsors for the Coalition for Freedom of Information.
SciFi.com and Syfy.comEdit
From 2000 to 2005, SciFi.com published original science fiction short stories in a section called "Sci Fiction", edited by Ellen Datlow, who won a 2005 Hugo Award for her work there. The stories themselves won a World Fantasy Award, the first Theodore Sturgeon Award for online fiction (for Lucius Shepard's novella "Over Yonder"), and four of the Science Fiction Writers of America's Nebula Awards, including the first for original online fiction (for Linda Nagata's novella "Goddesses").
On April 22, 2006, the site launched Sci Fi Pedia, a commercial wiki on topics including anime, comics, fandom, fantasy, games, horror, science fiction, toys, UFOs, genre-related art and audio, and the paranormal. In 2009, Sci Fi Pedia was shut down without explanation.
As part of the channel's rebranding in 2009, the URL was changed to Syfy.com. As of 2010, Syfy.com began to contain webisode series including Riese: Kingdom Falling (as of October 26, 2010), The Mercury Men (as of July 25, 2011), and Nuclear Family (as of October 15, 2012).
SyfyGames.com is an online games portal which offers free-to-play MMO and casual games. The site features predominantly sci-fi and fantasy games from third-party developers. In April 2015, the News section of SyfyGames.com was rebranded to feature "news from G4".
Syfy Wire (formerly Sci-Fi Wire and Blastr) is a website operated by Syfy featuring coverage of news in the science fiction, horror, and fantasy genres. The site was rebranded in 2010 as Blastr, with the addition of feature articles, guest columnists (such as Phil Plait), popular science news and coverage, and video content. In December 2016, Blastr rebranded as Syfy Wire; editor-in-chief Adam Swiderski stated that this change was to closer associate the website with the Syfy television channel.
As of March 2018, Syfy Wire releases five regular podcasts, including two recap series following The Expanse and the final season of Colony, as well as The Fandom Files, which features interviews with public figures about their pop culture obsessions. Guests have included Leland Chee and Mike Daniels of the Green Bay Packers.
Science Fiction WeeklyEdit
Science Fiction Weekly was an online magazine started on August 15, 1995, and edited by Craig Engler and Brooks Peck. In April 1996, it began appearing exclusively on "The Dominion" as part of a partnership with the site, before being sold to the Sci Fi Channel completely in 1999. The publication covered various aspects of science fiction, including news, reviews, original art, and interviews, until it merged with Sci-Fi Wire in January 2009.
- Lieberman, David. "Comcast Completes Acquisition Of GE's 49% Stake In NBCUniversal." Deadline Hollywood (March 19, 2013)
- "Cable Network Coverage Area Household Universe Estimates: January 2016".
- Strother, Susan (October 23, 1989). "The Business of Science Fiction: Mitchell Rubenstein Is Turning People On to the Sci-Fi Channel". Orlando Sentinel. Florida. Archived from the original on April 23, 2011. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- Chase, Averil (n.d.). "The Sci-Fi Channel, a History of the First Two Years". The Thunder Child.
- Carter, Bill (September 28, 1992). "Will There Be Any Space For Outer Space on Cable?". The New York Times. Retrieved July 7, 2009.
- Carter, Bill (March 31, 1992). "Television Notes; NBC Tries Again With a News-Magazine Format". The New York Times. Retrieved July 7, 2009.
- Himna, Catherine. "Sci-fi Channel Picks Disney As Home Port". Orlando Sentinel.
- Rubenstein, Mitchell (March 22, 2009). "Syfy, Say It's Not So!". Hollywood.com. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- Daniel Cerone (September 5, 1992). "Sci-Fi Channel on the Launching Pad : Television: The channel begins Sept. 24 with a presentation of 'Star Wars.' No cable systems in Southern California have signed up". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
- "The Seagram Company Ltd. and Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. today announced that Seagram has agreed to purchase an 80 percent interest in MCA for $5.704 billion in cash". Business Wire. The Free Library. April 9, 1995. Retrieved April 22, 2012.
- Swann, Phillip (October 3, 2007). "DirecTV Adds Six HD Channels". TVPredictions.com. Archived from the original on June 24, 2009. Retrieved July 7, 2009.
- "JREF's Pigasus Awards "Honors" Dubious Peddlers of "Woo"". James Randi Educational Foundation. Retrieved April 1, 2013.
- Bianculli, David (March 19, 1999). "Freaky Fridays On Revised Sci-fi Cabler Gets Busy As Networks Nap". New York Daily News. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
- "SCI FI Channel Re-Positions Itself as "The Channel of Imagination"". Free Online Library. December 17, 2002. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
- Mirkin, Steve (August 31, 2003). "The Minds Behind SCI FI Channel's New Look". Animation World Network. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
- Hinman, Michael (March 15, 2009). "SciFi Channel Changes Name ... To Syfy". Airlock Alpha. Archived from the original on August 6, 2009. Retrieved July 7, 2009.
- Wheaton, Ken (March 17, 2009). "Should We Start a Syfy Death Watch?". Advertising Age. Retrieved July 7, 2009.
- Schneider, Michael (March 20, 2009). "TV rebranding a tricky proposition". Variety. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
- "Tip/Wag - Mississippi, Talk Shows, SyFy". March 18, 2009. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
- Elliot, Stuart (March 15, 2009). "Sci Fi Channel Has a New Name: Now, It's Syfy". The New York Times. Retrieved July 7, 2009.
- Syfy is Turning Into VH1: More Reality TV and Tracy Morgan, io9, March 18, 2010
- Syfy Announces New Programming for 2010-2011, The Flick Cast, March 19, 2010
- Syfy Channel 2010: More Reality, More Games, Inside TV, March 23, 2010
- SCI FI president Dave Howe answers your SYFY questions, SYFY Wire, July 05, 2015
- Liptak, Andrew (May 11, 2017). "The Syfy channel is rebooting with a new focus on science fiction fandom". The Verge. Retrieved May 12, 2017.
- Andreeva, Nellie (May 11, 2017). "Syfy Gets New Look & Logo, Expands News Division Ahead of 25th Anniversary". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved May 11, 2017.
- Lafayette, Jon (May 11, 2017). "Syfy Gets Makeover as It Marks 25th Anniversary". MultiChannel News. Retrieved May 11, 2017.
- Griffin McElroy. "WCG Ultimate Gamer reality show hits SciFi Channel March 10". Joystiq.
- Stropoli, Rebecca (May 25, 2006). "Sci Fi Gets Itself in a Headlock". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved July 7, 2009.
- "SmackDown" Goes Syfy, World Wrestling Entertainment, April 13, 2010
- Marissa Payne (April 7, 2015). "WWE 'Smackdown' to air on USA Network starting in 2016". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
- "Sci Fi Channel Launches Monday Night Anime Block". Anime News Network. May 5, 2007. Retrieved July 7, 2009.
- "America's Sci Fi Channel Adds Anime on Tuesdays". Anime News Network. January 3, 2008. Retrieved July 7, 2009.
- Beveridge, Chris (July 15, 2009). "Syfy, Chiller Take On More Anime". ManiaEntertainment. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
- "U.S. Syfy TV Channel Moves Anime to Thursdays in March". Anime News Network. February 23, 2011. Retrieved January 28, 2014.
- "U.S. SyFy Channel Lists No More Anime After June 9". Anime News Network. May 27, 2011. Retrieved January 28, 2014.
- Wolf, Gary (October 2004). "We've Created a Monster!". Wired. 12 (10). Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved July 7, 2009.
- "SCI FI Channel Challenges Government Secrecy". Coalition for Freedom of Information (Press release). October 22, 2002. Retrieved October 7, 2009.
- "SciFiction". Official site (Syfy/Sci Fi Channel). Archived from the original on August 31, 2005.
- "Archive of SciFiction stories, May 15, 2000 - December 28, 2005". scifi.com. Archived from the original on June 15, 2006.
- "Sci Fi Has Its Finger On The 'Pulse'" (Press release). The Futon Critic, Sci Fi Channel. April 26, 2006. Retrieved July 7, 2009.
- Danzis, Alan. "SyFy's Upcoming 'Nuclear Family' To Premiere First On Xbox LIVE". starpulse.com. Retrieved October 28, 2012.
- Home for free to play sci-fi and fantasy games
- Weprin, Alex (July 14, 2010). "Syfy Rebranding Sci Fi Wire as Blastr.com". Adweek. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
- Swiderski, Adam (December 19, 2016). "Welcome to Syfy Wire! Why we changed our name...and what's next". SyfyWire. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
- "Syfy Wire Podcasts". SyfyWire. Syfy. Retrieved March 29, 2018.
- Newbold, Mark (January 16, 2018). "Leland Chee interviewed on the Fandom Files podcast". Fantha Tracks. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
- Boston.com. March 20, 2018 https://www.boston.com/sports/new-england-patriots/2018/03/20/morning-sports-update-lawrence-guy-runs-an-anime-club-in-the-patriots-locker-room. Retrieved March 30, 2018. Missing or empty
- "Sci Fi's Craig Engler Promoted To SVP & GM, Sci Fi Digital". VFXWorld. March 13, 2009. Retrieved July 7, 2009.
- Official website
- Syfy Games
- Syfy at IMDb
- Boucher, Geoff (December 7, 2008). "Sci Fi charts its course for the future". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 9, 2014.
- Sevakis, Justin (June 2, 2015). "Anime Colony". Anime News Network. Tales of the Industry (column). Retrieved June 4, 2015. The story of a failed Sci Fi Channel venture.