Nieuport-Delage NiD 740

The Nieuport-Delage NiD 740 was a French trimotor monoplane designed to carry night mail. Two were built in 1930.

NiD 740
Nieuport NiD.741 Annuaire de L'Aéronautique 1931.jpg
NiD.741
Role Postal aircraft
National origin France
Manufacturer Nieuport-Delage
First flight c. January 1930
Number built 2

DesignEdit

The NiD 740 was specifically designed as a postal aircraft for the night mail, though the mail compartment could alternatively accommodate three passengers. It was a three-engined, wooden aircraft with a cantilever high wing of high aspect ratio and elliptical plan out to pointed tips.[1][2] Mounted without dihedral, the plywood skinned wing was structurally and aerodynamically similar to,[1] though larger than,[3] that of the single-engined Nieuport-Delage NiD 640. Long, narrow, uncompensated ailerons filled much of the trailing edges.[1][2]

Its one-piece fuselage was built on four spruce longerons interconnected by frames and was plywood covered, giving it flat sides and underside but with curved upper decking. The NiD 740's central 95 hp (71 kW) Salmson 7Ac seven-cylinder radial engine was uncowled in the nose, though diagrams show it enclosed by a narrow-chord cowling.[1] The outboard pair, also uncowled, were mounted well below the wing on parallel and diagonal struts.[2] The enclosed cockpit was at the wing leading edge; in addition to the normal forward and side windows there was a window in the port side fuselage, matched by one in the starboard side door, to improve his downwards and rearward view. The navigator, provided with radio equipment, was in a separate compartment with his own port side, windowed door. Behind him was the 2.40 m3 (85 cu ft) volume mail compartment with windowed doors on both sides and further lit by two forward windows. In this area the fuselage was double-walled.[1][2]

The tail was conventional, with well rounded, roughly elliptical surfaces which were ply covered like the rest of the NiD 740. The tailplane was mounted on top of the fuselage; its angle of incidence could be adjusted in flight for trimming. Neither elevators nor rudder were balanced. The latter was large and extended down to the keel, operating in a small elevator cut-out.[1]

The NiD 740 had conventional, fixed, independent landing gear, with each wheel mounted at the vertex of a V-strut hinged on the central fuselage underside. These gave the undercarriage a track of 3.50 m (11 ft 6 in) and placed the wheels directly below the outer engines. Vertical sprung legs, fitted with Messier shock absorbers, joined wheels and the engine-bearing frames. The wheels had brakes (also by Messier) which could be used differentially for ground steering. There was a short tailskid below the rudderpost. A pair of searchlights were fitted close together below the nose to help with night landings.[1]

DevelopmentEdit

The exact date of the NiD 740's first flight is not known though several early tests had been flown by Fernand Lasne before the end of January 1930.[4] It handled well and it could maintain a fixed altitude of 1,500 m (4,900 ft) with one engine stopped.[1] Two were built[5] but their later history is not mentioned in the contemporary French aviation literature.

SpecificationsEdit

Data from General: Les Ailes July 1930[1] Performance: Aviafrance[5]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2, pilot and navigator
  • Capacity: 3 passengers in place of mail
  • Length: 10.49 m (34 ft 5 in)
  • Wingspan: 17.50 m (57 ft 5 in)
  • Height: 3.026 m (9 ft 11 in)
  • Wing area: 40.82 m2 (439.4 sq ft) including ailerons
  • Aspect ratio: 7.5
  • Empty weight: 1,501 kg (3,309 lb)
  • Gross weight: 2,300 kg (5,071 lb)
  • Powerplant: 3 × Salmson 7Ac 7-cylinder radial, 71 kW (95 hp) each
  • Propellers: 2-bladed

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 230 km/h (140 mph, 120 kn)
  • Range: 850 km (530 mi, 460 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 6,000 m (20,000 ft)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Frachet, André (3 July 1930). "L'avion Nieuport-Delage 740". Les Ailes (472): 3.
  2. ^ a b c d "Le trimoteur postal Nieuport-Delage 740". L'Aéronautique (132): 162. May 1930.
  3. ^ "Avions Nieuport-Delage". L'Aéronautique (110): 42. July 1928.
  4. ^ "D'aérodrome en aérodrome - A Villacoublay". Les Ailes (450): 12. 30 January 1930.
  5. ^ a b Bruno Parmentier (18 May 2016). "Nieuport-Delage NiD-740". Retrieved 24 August 2016.