National symbols of Thailand

National symbols of Thailand are the symbols that are used in Thailand to represent what is unique about the nation, reflecting different aspects of its cultural life, history and biodiversity.

SymbolsEdit

Type Symbol Image Comments
Insignia
National emblem Garuda emblem
ตราพระครุฑพ่าห์
The national and royal symbol of Thailand is Garuda, the mount of Lord Vishnu.[1][2]
National flag Flag of Thailand
ธงไตรรงค์
The design was adopted on 28 September 1917, according to the royal decree issued by Rama VI.
National anthem Thai National Anthem
เพลงชาติไทย
The Thai National Anthem is the title of Thailand's national anthem which was adopted on 10 December 1939.
Officially proclaimed national symbols
National animal Thai elephant
(Elephas maximus)
ช้างไทย
One of three national symbols proclaimed in a declaration of the Office of the Prime Minister dated 26 October 2001.[3]
National flower Golden shower flower
(Cassia fistula Linn.)
ดอกราชพฤกษ์
One of three national symbols proclaimed in a declaration of the Office of the Prime Minister dated 26 October 2001.[3]
National architecture Sala Thai
ศาลาไทย
One of three national symbols proclaimed in a declaration of the Office of the Prime Minister dated 26 October 2001.[3]
Other national symbols
National aquatic animal Siamese fighting fish
(Betta splendens)
ปลากัด
Proposed by the Department of Fisheries, endorsed by the Cabinet in 2019.[4][5]
National bird Siamese fireback
(Lophura diardi)
ไก่ฟ้าพญาลอ
Proposed by the Wildlife Conservation Bureau and endorsed by Cabinet in 1985.[6]
National epic Ramakien
รามเกียรติ์
Named by the Fine Arts Department in 2015.[7]
Ramakien is derived from the Hindu epic Ramayana according to research commissioned by Rama VI.[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ M. K. Agarwal (2003). The Vedic Core of Human History. p. 235. ISBN 9781491715949. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  2. ^ "Thailand Information". Royal Embassy of Thailand in Doha, Qatar.
  3. ^ a b c "ประกาศสำนักนายกรัฐมนตรี เรื่อง การกำหนดสัญลักษณ์ประจำชาติไทย" (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 118 (99D): 1. 11 December 2001. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
  4. ^ Limited, Bangkok Post Public Company. "Siamese fighting fish confirmed as national aquatic animal". bangkokpost.com. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  5. ^ AFP (2019-02-05). "Thailand makes Siamese fighting fish national aquatic animal". Business Standard India. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  6. ^ Hulme, Kyle. "Siamese Fireback: 11 Facts About Thailand's National Bird". Culture Trip. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  7. ^ "ยกย่อง "รามเกียรติ์" เป็นวรรณคดีแห่งชาติ". Daily News (in Thai). Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  8. ^ Lipi Ghosh, 2017, India-Thailand Cultural Interactions: Glimpses from the Past to Present, Springer Publishing, pp. 157