Molden is a general molecular and electronic structure processing program.

Molden running under Linux, showing the structure of benzene.
Original author(s)Gijs Schaftenaar
Initial release10 November 1993 (1993-11-10)[1]
Stable release
5.9.2 / 20 December 2018; 2 years ago (2018-12-20)[1]
Operating systemWindows

Major featuresEdit

Molden program has been tested on different platforms, namely Linux, Windows NT, Windows95, Windows2000, WindowsXP, MacOSX, Silicon Graphics IRIX, Sun SunOS and Solaris.

Ambfor, the main force field module of Molden, is an external program that can be initialized from Molden. Ambfor admits protein force field Amber and GAFF (General Amber Force Field). Use of Ambfor is automatic when a protein is studied with Molden. The GAFF force field is used only small molecules. Both Amber and GAFF are based on atomic charges. The differences are largely in computational cost, with GAFF being very expensive.

Molden can read several file formats with crystal information.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "HISTORY". Retrieved 2013-05-02.
  2. ^ "Currently tested platforms". Retrieved 2013-05-03.