Maqam Ibrahim

The Maqām Ibrāhīm (Arabic: مَقَام إِبْرَاهِيْم‎, lit.'Station of Abraham')[1][2] is a small square stone[3] associated with Ibrahim (Abraham) in the Great Mosque of Mecca in the Hejazi region of present-day Saudi Arabia. According to Islamic tradition, the imprint on the stone came from Abraham's feet,[4][5] when he was building the Kaaba.

The structure containing the Maqām

According to the Islamic doctrine, the Seventh Heaven which has the spiritual Kaaba is exactly over the Kaaba of the World, Abraham is also resided there, When Muhammad spiritually visited the seventh heaven Abraham was sitting with leaning his back to the al-Bayt al-Ma'mur to welcome him.

TraditionEdit

According to one tradition it appeared when Ibrahim stood on the stone while building the Kaaba; when the walls became too high, Ibrahim stood on the maqām, which miraculously rose up to let him continue building and also miraculously went down in order to allow Ismail to hand him stones.[3] Other traditions held that the footprint appeared when the wife of Ismail washed Ibrahim's head, or alternatively when Ibrahim stood atop it in order to summon the people to perform the pilgrimage to Mecca.[6] This part is known to be a really memorable part of the kaaba.

The stoneEdit

The stone inside the casing is square shaped and measures 40 cm (16 in) in length and width, and 20 cm (7.9 in) in height.[3] It used to be enclosed by a structure called the Maqsurat Ibrahim which was covered by a sitara: an ornamental, embroidered curtain that was replaced annually.[7] Currently[when?] it is placed inside a golden-metal enclosure. The outer casing has changed a number of times over the years, historic photographs show that the arch of the Banu Shaybah Gate stood next to it.[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Quran 2:125
  2. ^ Quran 3:97 (Translated by Yusuf Ali)
  3. ^ a b c "Maqam Ibrahim (Station of Abraham)". Madain Project. Archived from the original on 9 September 2020. Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  4. ^ Peters, F.E. (1994). "Another Stone: The Maqam Ibrahim". The Hajj. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. pp. 16–17.
  5. ^ "Maqam-e-Ibrahim shines ... like visitors' faith". 25 September 2016.
  6. ^ Kister, M. J. (1991). "Maḳām Ibrāhīm". In Bosworth (ed.). The Encyclopaedia of Islam. VI (Mahk-Mid) (2nd ed.). Brill. p. 105.
  7. ^ Nassar, Nahla (2013). "Dar al-Kiswa al-Sharifa: Administration and Production". In Porter, Venetia; Saif, Liana (eds.). The Hajj : collected essays. London: The British Museum. pp. 176–178. ISBN 978-0-86159-193-0. OCLC 857109543.
  8. ^ "Bab Bani Shaiba". Madain Project. Archived from the original on 9 September 2020. Retrieved 9 September 2020.

Further readingEdit

  • Kister, M.J. (1971). "Maqām Ibrāhīm: A Stone with an Inscription". Le Muséon. 84: 477–491.