Liturgical calendar of the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church

The Syro-Malabar Church is a Catholic Church sui iuris of the East Syriac Rite that adheres to the following calendar for the church's liturgical year. Like other liturgical calendars, the Syro-Malabar calendar loosely follows the sequence of pivotal events in the life of Jesus.[1]

Liturgical seasonsEdit

The Syro-Malabar liturgical year opens with the season of Annunciation, which begins on the Sunday between November 27 and December 3. This day corresponds to the First Sunday of Advent in the Western Roman Rite tradition.

The liturgical year is divided into the following nine seasons.[1]

Season Start Date Duration
1 Annunciation (Suvara) The Sunday between November 27 and December 3 3–4 weeks
2 Nativity December 25 1–2 weeks
3 Epiphany (Denha) The Sunday between January 2 and 6; otherwise January 6, if no such Sunday exists 4–9 weeks
4 Great Fast (Sawma Rabba) The 7th Sunday before Easter[note 1] 7 weeks
5 Resurrection (Qyamta) Easter Sunday 7 weeks
6 Apostles (Slihe) Pentecost Sunday (the 7th Sunday after Easter) 7 weeks
7 Summer (Qaita) The 7th Sunday after Pentecost 7 weeks
8 Elijah–Cross–Moses (Elijah–Sliba–Muse) The 14th Sunday after Pentecost 6–11 weeks
9 Dedication of the Church (Qudas–Edta) The Sunday between October 30 and November 5 4 weeks

Although the eighth season (Elijah–Cross–Moses) is considered one of the nine, it is also regarded as a combination of the three distinct seasons that are named (Elijah, Cross, and Moses).[2]

Variable feast daysEdit

The following feast days are fixed to a particular weekday, rather than a particular calendar day.

Feast Date
The Divine Motherhood of Mary The Friday between December 30 and January 5
St. John the Baptist The first Friday of Epiphany (the Friday between January 7 and 13)
Sts. Peter and Paul The second Friday of Epiphany (the Friday between January 14 and 20)
The Evangelists The third Friday of Epiphany (the Friday between January 21 and 27)
St. Stephen The fourth Friday of Epiphany (the Friday between January 28 and February 3)
The Greek Fathers The fifth Friday of Epiphany (the Friday between February 4 and February 10)
The Syriac Fathers The third Friday before Lent[note 2]
The Patron of the Church The second Friday before Lent[note 3]
Commemoration of the Dead The Friday before Lent
Palm Sunday The Sunday before Easter
Pesaha Thursday The Thursday before Easter
Passion Friday The Friday before Easter
Great Saturday The Saturday before Easter
Easter Sunday
Feast of Martyrs (All Saints) The Friday after Easter
Saint Addai The Fifth Sunday of Resurrection (the fourth Sunday after Easter)
Ascension of Our Lord The sixth Thursday after Easter
Pentecost The First Sunday of Apostles (the seventh Sunday after Easter)
Friday of Gold Friday after the First Sunday of Apostles
The Holy Trinity The Second Sunday of Apostles
The Body and Blood of Christ Thursday after the Second Sunday of Apostles
Sacred Heart of Jesus Friday after the Third Sunday of Apostles
Immaculate Heart of Mary Saturday after the Third Sunday of Apostles
Seventy disciples of Jesus Friday after the Seventh Sunday of Apostles
Twelve Apostles First Sunday of Summer
St. James of Nisibis Friday after the First Sunday of Summer
St. Mari Friday after the Second Sunday of Summer
St. Simoni and seven sons Friday after the Fifth Sunday of Summer
St. Simon Barsaba and co-martyrs Friday after the Sixth Sunday of Summer
Mission Sunday Seventh Sunday of Elijah–Cross–Moses
The Dedication of the Church First Sunday of the Dedication of the Church
Christ the King Fourth Sunday of the Dedication of the Church
The Holy Family The Sunday between December 25 and 31

Fixed feast daysEdit

The 19 feast days marked with an asterisk (*) are commemorations found in the Appendix of the Syro-Malabar liturgical calendar.[3]

JanuaryEdit

FebruaryEdit

MarchEdit

AprilEdit

MayEdit

JuneEdit

JulyEdit

AugustEdit

SeptemberEdit

OctoberEdit

NovemberEdit

DecemberEdit

Holy days of obligationEdit

In the Syro-Malabar Church, there are 6 holy days of obligation:[4]

  1. Epiphany (January 6)
  2. Sts. Peter and Paul (June 29)
  3. The Ascension of Our Lord (sixth Thursday after Easter)
  4. St. Thomas (July 3)
  5. The Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary (August 15)
  6. Christmas (December 25)

Periods of fastingEdit

The Syro-Malabar Church proposes the following days of fasting to the faithful.[5][6]

Name Dates
25 Days' Lent December 1–24
Three Days' Lent The third Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday before the beginning of Lent
Great Lent The first Monday of Lent through Holy Saturday
Fifteen Days' Lent August 1–14
Eight Days' Lent September 1–7

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Syro-Malabar Major Archiepiscopal Commission for Liturgy. "Syro-Malabar Liturgical Calendar: 2020–2021" (PDF). p. 3.
  2. ^ Syro-Malabar Major Archiepiscopal Commission for Liturgy. "Syro-Malabar Liturgical Calendar: 2020–2021" (PDF). pp. 50–58.
  3. ^ Syro-Malabar Major Archiepiscopal Commission for Liturgy. "Syro-Malabar Liturgical Calendar: 2020–2021" (PDF). p. 68.
  4. ^ Syro-Malabar Major Archiepiscopal Commission for Liturgy. "Syro-Malabar Liturgical Calendar: 2020–2021" (PDF). p. 5.
  5. ^ Syro-Malabar Major Archiepiscopal Commission for Liturgy. "Syro-Malabar Liturgical Calendar: 2020–2021" (PDF). p. 4.
  6. ^ Syro-Malabar Major Archiepiscopal Commission for Liturgy. "Syro-Malabar Liturgical Calendar: 2020–2021" (PDF). p. 19.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ In the Syro-Malabar calendar, Lent starts one week earlier than it does in the Roman Rite tradition.
  2. ^ In years in which the First Sunday of Lent falls on February 26 or earlier, this feast is transferred to a later Friday.
  3. ^ In years in which the First Sunday of Lent falls on February 19 or earlier, this feast is transferred to a later Friday.

External linksEdit