List of World Heritage Sites in Thailand

The UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) has designated six World Heritage Sites in Thailand.[1] The UNESCO World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention.

Inscribed sitesEdit

Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description UNESCO Refs
Historic City of Ayutthaya   Ayutthaya province
14°20′52″N 100°33′38″E / 14.34778°N 100.56056°E / 14.34778; 100.56056 (Historic City of Ayutthaya)
Cultural:
(iii)
289 (710) 1991 576
Historic Town of Sukhothai and Associated Historic Towns Sukhothai and Kamphaeng Phet Provinces
17°0′26″N 99°47′23″E / 17.00722°N 99.78972°E / 17.00722; 99.78972 (Historic Town of Sukhothai and Associated Historic Towns)
Cultural:
(i), (iii)
11,852 (29,290) 1991 574
Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries Kanchanaburi, Tak and Uthai Thani Provinces
15°20′N 98°55′E / 15.333°N 98.917°E / 15.333; 98.917 (Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries)
Natural:
(vii), (ix), (x)
622,200 (1,537,000) 1991 591
Ban Chiang Archaeological Site Udon Thani Province
17°32′55″N 103°47′23″E / 17.54861°N 103.78972°E / 17.54861; 103.78972 (Ban Chiang Archaeological Site)
Cultural:
(iii)
64 (160) 1992 575
Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex Saraburi, Nakhon Ratchasima, Nakhon Nayok, Prachinburi, Sa Kaeo and Buriram Provinces
14°20′N 102°3′E / 14.333°N 102.050°E / 14.333; 102.050 (Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex)
Natural:
(x)
615,500 (1,521,000) 2005 590
Kaeng Krachan Forest Complex Ratchaburi, Phetchaburi and Prachuap Khiri Khan Provinces
13°14′N 5°5′E / 13.233°N 5.083°E / 13.233; 5.083 (Kaeng Krachan Forest Complex)
Natural:
(x)
482,225 (1,191,600) 2021 1461
Location of World Heritage Sites in Thailand. Red: cultural sites, green: natural sites.

Tentative listEdit

The following 6 sites are on the tentative list for Thailand, meaning that the government intends to consider them for nomination in the future:[2]

Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description Refs
Phuphrabat Historical Park Udon Thani Province
17°42′N 102°22′E / 17.700°N 102.367°E / 17.700; 102.367 (Phu Phra Bat Historical Park)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (iv), (vi)
500 (1,200) 2004 [3]
Wat Phra Mahathat Woramahawihan, Nakhon Si Thammarat Nakhon Si Thammarat Province
24°47′N 99°57′E / 24.783°N 99.950°E / 24.783; 99.950 (Phra Baromathat)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (vi)
137 (340) 2012 [4]
Monuments, Sites and Cultural Landscape of Chiang Mai, Capital of Lanna Chiang Mai Province
18°47′43″N 98°59′55″E / 18.79528°N 98.99861°E / 18.79528; 98.99861 (Chiang Mai)
Cultural:
(i),(ii), (iii),(vi)
2015 [5]
Phra That Phanom, its related historic buildings and associated landscape Nakhon Phanom Province
16°56′33″N 104°43′26″E / 16.94250°N 104.72389°E / 16.94250; 104.72389 (Phra That Phanom)
Cultural:
(i),(ii),(vi)
2017 [6]
Ensemble of Phanom Rung, Muang Tam and Plai Bat Sanctuaries Buriram Province
14°31′55″N 102°56′25″E / 14.53194°N 102.94028°E / 14.53194; 102.94028 (Phanom Rung Historical Park)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv), (v)
2019 [7]
The Ancient Town of Si Thep Phetchabun Province
15°27′58″N 101°09′02″E / 15.46611°N 101.15056°E / 15.46611; 101.15056 (Si Thep Historical Park)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii)
2019 [8]

Current statusEdit

Thai Government nominated Phu Phra Bat Historical Park in 2016, but decided to withdraw after received recommendation from ICOMOS to redraft the nomination dossier.

In 2018, plans to nominate Si Thep Historical Park to the world heritage list was being planned by various Thai sectors. However, in March 2019, the government announced an oil exploration project to be conducted by the much-criticized Eco Orient Resources Corporation within the buffer zone of the park, effectively destroying any possibility for the site's inclusion in the world heritage list.[9][10]

Performance of Thailand in UNESCOEdit

UNESCO List Exclusive Entries of Thailand Shared/Multinational Entries Involving Thailand
UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves 4
UNESCO World Heritage List 6
UNESCO Memory of the World Register 5
UNESCO Global Geoparks Network 1
UNESCO Creative Cities Network 4
UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists 2

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "World Heritage Properties in Thailand". UNESCO. Retrieved 1 July 2012.
  2. ^ "Tentative Lists: Thailand". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  3. ^ "Phuphrabat Historical Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
  4. ^ "Wat Phra Mahathat Woramahawihan, Nakhon Si Thammarat". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
  5. ^ "Monuments, Sites and Cultural Landscape of Chiang Mai, Capital of Lanna". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  6. ^ "Phra That Phanom, its related historic buildings and associated landscape". UNESCO. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  7. ^ "Ensemble of Phanom Rung, Muang Tam and Plai Bat Sanctuaries". UNESCO. Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  8. ^ "The Ancient Town of Si Thep". UNESCO. Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  9. ^ "Heritage neglect lets Si Thep down". Bangkok Post.
  10. ^ "Si Thep park worth far more than petroleum". Bangkok Post.