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Jñānagupta (Sanskrit: ज्ञानगुप्त; Chinese: 闍那崛多 or 志德; pinyin: Shénàjuéduō or Zhì Dé) was a Buddhist monk [1] from Gandhara who travelled to China and was recognised by Emperor Wen of the Sui Dynasty. He is said to have brought with him 260 sutras in Sanskrit, and was supported in translating these into Chinese by the emperor.

Chinese name
Traditional Chinese闍那崛多
Simplified Chinese阇那崛多
Also known as:
Sanskrit name

In total, he translated 39 scriptures in 192 fascicles during the period 561 to 592, including:

  • Sutra of Buddha's Fundamental Deeds, 60 fascicles

(Chinese: 佛本行經; pinyin: Fó Běnháng Jīng)

  • Candrottaradarikapariprccha, 2 fascicles

(Chinese: 月上女經; pinyin: Yuè Shàng Nǚ Jīng)


  1. ^ Kalhan's Rajtarangini The Saga of the Kings of Kashmir translation by R S Pandit Published by Sahitya Akademi, Appendix D page 731, ISBN 81-260-1236-6