Jean-Claude Van Damme
Jean-Claude Camille François Van Varenberg (French pronunciation: [ʒɑ̃ klod kamij fʁɑ̃swa vɑ̃ vaʁɑ̃bɛʁɡ]; Dutch: [vɑn ˈvarə(n)ˈbɛrx]; born 18 October 1960), known professionally as Jean-Claude Van Damme (French: [ʒɑ̃ klod vɑ̃ dam]; Dutch: [vɑn ˈdɑmə]) and JCVD, is a Belgian actor, filmmaker, fight choreographer and retired martial artist best known for his martial arts action films.
|Jean-Claude Van Damme|
Van Damme in 2010
|Born||Jean-Claude Camille François Van Varenberg|
18 October 1960
Sint-Agatha-Berchem, Brussels-Capital, Belgium
"The Muscles from Brussels"
|Height||1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)|
|Style||Karate, Kickboxing, Muay Thai, Taekwondo|
|Fighting out of||Brussels, Belgium|
|Trainer||Claude Goetz |
|Rank||2nd Dan Black Belt in Shōtōkan Karate|
|Years active||1976–1982 (martial arts)|
|Occupation||Actor, former martial artist|
His most notable action projects include Bloodsport (1988), Cyborg (1989), Kickboxer (1989), Lionheart (1990), Death Warrant (1990), Double Impact (1991), Universal Soldier (1992) and its theatrical sequel Universal Soldier: The Return (1999), Nowhere to Run (1993), Hard Target (1993), Timecop (1994), Street Fighter (1994), Sudden Death (1995), The Quest (1996), Maximum Risk (1996) and Jean-Claude Van Johnson (2016–2017 series).
He is also known for portraying antagonist characters in such films as No Retreat, No Surrender (1986), Black Eagle (1988), Replicant (2001), The Expendables 2 (2012), Universal Soldier: Day of Reckoning (2012) and Enemies Closer (2013).
Van Damme also starred in dramatic roles in Wake of Death (2004), war drama Legionnaire (1998), crime drama JCVD (2008) and The Bouncer (2018). He made his directorial debut with the 1996 martial arts film The Quest and also directed the upcoming action drama Frenchy.
Early life and education
Van Damme was born Jean-Claude Camille François Van Varenberg, on 18 October 1960, in Berchem-Sainte-Agathe, Brussels, Belgium, the son of Eliana and Eugène Van Varenberg, who was an accountant and florist. His father is from Brussels and bilingual, and his mother is Flemish (Dutch-speaking). The Roman Catholic Van Damme's paternal grandmother was Jewish.
He began martial arts at the age of ten, enrolled by his father in a Shōtōkan karate school. His styles consist of Shōtōkan Karate and Kickboxing. He eventually earned his black belt in karate at 18. He started lifting weights to improve his physique, which eventually led to a Mr. Belgium bodybuilding title. At the age of 16, he took up ballet, which he studied for five years. According to Van Damme, ballet "is an art, but it's also one of the most difficult sports. If you can survive a ballet workout, you can survive a workout in any other sport." Later he took up both Taekwondo and Muay Thai.
Early 1970s to 1980: Martial arts and first film appearance
At the age of 12, Van Damme joined the Centre National de Karaté (National Center of Karate) under the guidance of Claude Goetz in Belgium. Van Damme trained for four years and he earned a spot on the Belgian Karate Team; he later trained in full-contact karate and kickboxing with Dominique Valera.
At the age of 15, Van Damme started his competitive karate career in Belgium. From 1976 to 1980, Van Damme compiled a record of 44 victories and 4 defeats in tournament and non-tournament semi-contact matches.
Van Damme placed second at the Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials). At the 3-day tournament, Van Damme defeated 25 opponents before losing in the finals to teammate Angelo Spataro.
On 8 March 1980, in Brussels, Belgium, Van Damme competed against his former teammate Patrick Teugels at the Forest National Arena on the undercard of the Dan Macaruso-Dominique Valera Professional Karate Association Light-Heavyweight World Championship bout. Prior to this match, Teugels had defeated Van Damme twice by decision, including a match for the Belgium Lightweight Championship. Van Damme had a 1977 victory over Teugels. Teugels was coming off an impressive showing at the World Association of Kickboxing Organizations World Championships four months earlier, and was favored by some to win this match. According to reports, and Patrick Teugels' own interview (with photos), Teugels lost to Van Damme by TKO in the 1st round. Teugels was kicked in the nose and was unable to continue as a result. In a 2013 interview, Van Damme called this fight his most memorable match.
Van Damme began his full-contact career in 1977, when Claude Goetz promoted the first ever full-contact karate tournament in Belgium.
From 1977 to 1982, Van Damme compiled a record of 18 victories (18 knockouts) and 1 defeat . He was also named "Mr. Belgium" in a bodybuilding competition.
In 1980, Van Damme caught the attention of Professional Karate Magazine publisher and editor Mike Anderson and multiple European champion Geert Lemmens. Both men tabbed Van Damme as an upcoming prospect. Van Damme retired from competition in 1982.
1982 to 1988: Early works and breakthrough
In 1982, Van Damme and childhood friend Michel Qissi moved to the United States in the hope of working as actors. They did a variety of jobs to support themselves. Their first job working on a film as extras in the hip hop dance film Breakin' (1984), made by Cannon Films. They are seen dancing in the background at a dance demonstration.
Around that time he developed a friendship with action martial art film star Chuck Norris. They started sparring together, and Van Damme started to work as a bouncer at a bar named Woody's Wharf, owned by Norris.
In 1984, he worked in the stunt team in the Norris action film Missing in Action which was also released by Cannon Films. That same year he also had a role in the comedy short film Monaco Forever. According to actor Nelson Anderson, that year the Filipino action film company Liliw Production received Van Damme's photos and were creating a film where Van Damme would have acted alongside their action leading men which included Anderson and Weng Weng. Anderson had a financial dispute with the company, as well as the company parting ways with Weng Weng, and the project never materialized.
On 2 May 1986, premiered in Los Angeles Corey Yuen's martial arts film No Retreat, No Surrender. It was Van Damme's first sizeable role when he was cast as the Russian villain. It starred Kurt McKinney, and released through New World Pictures. McKinney performs as Jason Stillwell, a U.S. teenager who learns karate from the spirit of Bruce Lee. Stillwell uses these lessons to defend his martial arts dojo against a Soviet martial artist played by Van Damme.
Van Damme's breakout film was Bloodsport, which opened on 26 February 1988, based on the alleged true story of Frank Dux. It was shot on a $1.5-million budget for Cannon. The film is about U.S. Army Captain Frank Dux (played by Van Damme), trained from his youth in the ways of ninjutsu by Senzo Tanaka, who honors his mentor by taking the place of Tanaka's deceased son Shingo in the illegal martial-arts tournament Kumite in Hong Kong. It became a U.S. box-office hit in the spring of 1988. Producer Mark Di Salle said he was looking for "a new martial arts star who was a ladies' man, [but Van Damme] appeals to both men and women. He's an American hero who fights for justice the American way and kicks the stuffing out of the bad guys." This success would establish Van Damme as a film star and becoming a regular action star for The Cannon Group alongside Chuck Norris, Charles Bronson, Sho Kosugi, and Michael Dudikoff. Also in 1988, Van Damme played another Russian villain, in Black Eagle, opposite Sho Kosugi. In the film, Sho Kosugi is a martial artist and special operative for the U.S. government codenamed "Black Eagle", and summoned by his superiors after an F-111 carrying an experimental black ops laser tracking device was shot down over Malta by Russian forces.
1989 to 1999: International stardom
After the success of Bloodsport, Cannon Films offered Van Damme the lead in Delta Force 2, American Ninja 3 or Cyborg, a cyperpunk martial arts film directed by Albert Pyun. Van Damme chose Cyborg and stars as Gibson Rickenbacker, a mercenary who battles a group of murderous marauders along the East coast of the United States in an post-apocalyptic future. The film was a low budget box office success and led to two sequels, neither of which Van Damme appeared in.
Cannon used Van Damme again in Kickboxer (1989), playing a man who fights to avenge his brother who has been paralyzed by a Thai kickboxing champion (Qissi). It was highly successful, returning over $50 million on a $3-million budget. The film started the Kickboxer franchise. Van Damme did not appear in any of the film's four sequels, though he did return as a different character in the reboot series.
Also successful was Death Warrant (1990), the first script credit for David S. Goyer. In the film, Van Damme plays a police detective going into a prison facility at California as an undercover cop in order to find out who stands behind a mysterious series of murders, and finds himself locked up with his nemesis; Christian Naylor, a psychotic serial killer who calls himself "The Sandman" whom sets out to exact revenge upon him after getting into prison.
He followed it with Lionheart (1990) aka Wrong Bet, where he played a French Legionnaire who deserts his post to return to Los Angeles after his brother is murdered, in order to take care of his wife and child. After a successful escape he gets involved as a fighter in a street fight gambling ring in order to support them. Lionheart was directed by Sheldon Lettich who had co-written Bloodsport, and said the film was "the first movie to demonstrate that Van Damme was more than just a flash-in-the-pan "Karate Guy" who would never rise above simplistic low-budget karate movies." It also featured rear nudity from Van Damme which Lettich says "became a very memorable moment for the ladies in the audience, and for the gay guys as well. Showing off his butt (clothed or unclothed) almost became a signature trademark of his after that."
In 1991, Double Impact was released. Directed by Lettich it featured Van Damme in the dual role of Alex and Chad Wagner, estranged twin brothers fighting to avenge the deaths of their parents. This film reunited him with his former Bloodsport co-star, Bolo Yeung and was very popular.
In 1992, Van Damme starred in one of the biggest blockbusters of the year in the sci-fi action picture Universal Soldier directed by Roland Emmerich for Carolco. Van Damme (as Luc Deveraux) Dolph Lundgren (as Sergeant Andrew Scott) and play U.S. soldiers during the Vietnam War who are sent to secure a village against North Vietnamese forces. However they end up shooting each other dead after Devereaux discovers that Scott has gone insane and has resorted to mutilating the villagers and barbarically cutting off their ears, taking an innocent girl and boy hostage. They are later reanimated in a secret Army project along with a large group of other previously dead soldiers and sent on a mission as GR operatives. At the 1992 Cannes Film Festival, Van Damme and Lundgren were involved in a verbal altercation that almost turned physical when both men pushed each other only to be separated, but it was believed to have only been a publicity stunt. Universal Soldier opened in theatres on 10 July 1992, a moderate success domestically with $36,299,898 in US ticket sales, but a major blockbuster worldwide, making over $65 million overseas, which earned the film a total of $102 million worldwide, on a $23 million budget.
After making a cameo in Last Action Hero, Van Damme starred in Nowhere To Run (1993) alongside Rosanna Arquette, based in part on a script by Joe Eszterhas. The film was the first in a three-picture deal between Van Damme and Columbia Pictures and his fee was $3.5 million. Columbia said the film is "true to his audience and goes beyond his audience." However it was a box office disappointment but a financial success.
More successful was Hard Target (1993) for Universal, the first American film from director John Woo. In the film he stars as Chance Boudreaux, an out-of-work Cajun merchant seaman who saves a young woman, named Natasha Binder (Yancy Butler), from a gang of thugs in New Orleans. Chance learns that Binder is searching for her missing father (Chuck Pfarrer), and agrees to aid Binder in her search.
Also for Universal he did Timecop (1994), playing a time-traveling cop, who tries to prevent the death of his wife. Directed by Peter Hyams, the film was a huge success, grossing over $100 million worldwide, and remains his highest-grossing film in a lead role to date.
Van Damme starred in Street Fighter (1994), written and directed by Steven E. de Souza for Universal and based on the video game. The film focuses on the efforts of Colonel Guile (Van Damme) to bring down General M. Bison played by Raul Julia, the military dictator and drug kingpin of Shadaloo City who aspires to conquer the world with an army of genetic supersoldiers, while enlisting the aid of street fighters to infiltrate Bison's empire and help destroy it from within. It was poorly received critically. Though a commercial success, making approximately three times its production cost.
Van Damme and Hyams re-teamed for Universal' on Sudden Death (1995). Van Damme plays a French Canadian-born firefighter with the Pittsburgh Fire Bureau who suffered a personal crisis after he was unable to save a young girl from a house fire. Now removed from active duty, Darren has become demoted to being fire marshal for the Pittsburgh Civic Arena, where a gang of terrorists are holding U.S. Vice President and several other VIPs hostage in a luxury suite during a game.
He appeared in the TV show Friends in the two parts episode called The One After the Superbowl. The star studded episode also included Brooke Shields, Chris Isaak, Julia Roberts, Fred Willard, and Dan Castellaneta. In the episode two of the leading ladies of the show meet him, and compete for his attention.
Van Damme turned director for The Quest (1996), which he directed; Roger Moore co-starred. The plot, set in 1925, revolves around a martial arts tournament in the mysterious "Lost City", located deep in Tibet, with martial artists from around the world fighting to earn the winner's prize, the "Golden Dragon", a valuable statue made of solid gold.
Maximum Risk (1996) was his following film for Columbia, the first American film from Ringo Lam, and his first collaboration with Van Damme. He plays Alain Moreau a French cop in Nice. A dead body of someone that looks exactly like him, is discovered. It turns out, that it is the twin brother Alain never knew he had. Tracing his brother's steps back to New York City, Alain discovers that he was a member of the Russian Mafia, who was chased down and killed when he attempted to get out. Now Alain is mistaken for him, who was also mixed up in a series of affairs concerning the FBI and the Russian mafia. With his only real ally being Mikhail's fiancé Alex Bartlett (Natasha Henstridge), Alain sets out to avenge his brother's death.
Van Damme's first box office bomb since he became a star was Double Team (1997), a buddy film with basketball superstar Dennis Rodman. It was Hong Kong director Tsui Hark's American debut for Columbia and his first collaboration. Van Damme plays counter-terrorist agent Jack Quinn, who is assigned to bring an elusive terrorist known as Stavros to justice. Things become personal when Stavros kidnaps Quinn's pregnant wife after his own lover and child were killed in an assassination attempt that went awry. Aiding Quinn in his rescue is his flamboyant weapons dealer Yaz (Dennis Rodman).
Van Damme tried a costume action film, Legionnaire (1998) co-written by Lettich. He plays Alain Lefevre, a French boxer in 1920s Marseille, France. Alain is forced by local crime boss Lucien Galgani to take a dive in a fight. Galgani's girlfriend is also Alain's ex-fiancée whom he left standing at the altar. The two hatch a plan to run off to America together. Hence he does not take a dive in the fight, but just as the escape plan is about to succeed, Alain's friend is killed, and Katrina is captured by Galgani's men. But Alain has shot and killed Galgani's brother. Desperately needing a new escape plan, Alain signs up for the French Foreign Legion, and is shipped to North Africa to help defend Morocco against a native Berber rebellion. Despite a $35 million budget, it was not released theatrically in the US, only overseas.
Van Damme then made his first sequel, Universal Soldier: The Return, (1999). The film takes place seven years after the events in the first film, Luc Deveraux (Jean-Claude Van Damme), now an ordinary human after having had his cybernetic implants removed, is a technical expert who is working for the US government with his partner Maggie (Kiana Tom), who has been through countless hours of combat training with him. They work to refine and perfect the UniSol program in an effort to make a new, stronger breed of soldier that is more sophisticated and intelligent to reduce the use of normal, human soldiers in the battlefield. All of the new Unisols, which are faster and stronger than the original UniSols, are connected through an artificially intelligent computer system called SETH (Self-Evolving Thought Helix). When SETH discovers that the Universal Soldier program is scheduled to be shut down because of budget cuts, it takes action to protect itself. Killing those who try to shut off its power, and unleashing a platoon of super soldiers, led by the musclebound Romeo (Bill Goldberg).
In Inferno (1999), Van Damme plays a veteran soldier sick of life, wandering the desert looking for a reason to die. An incident with a few thugs from the nearby town who steal Eddie's motorbike and beat him almost to death, starts in Eddie a flame for revenge.
2000s: Subsequent films
Replicant is the second collaboration between Van Damme and director Ringo Lam, and the fifth time that Van Damme has starred in a dual role. It co-stars Michael Rooker. The film is about Edward "The Torch" Garrotte (Van Damme), a serial killer who has a penchant for killing women and setting them on fire. All of his victims are also mothers. Detective Jake Riley (Rooker) is a Seattle police detective who has spent three years chasing him. A secret government agency hires Jake as a consultant on a project. They make a clone of Garrotte from DNA evidence, who has genetic memories from Garrotte and a telepathic link to him. They need Jake's help to train him in order to find Garotte.
The Order is a 2001 American action film co-starring Charlton Heston, Vernon Dobtcheff, Ben Cross, Sofia Milos... It is directed by Sheldon Lettich, and written by Van Damme. In this film he stars as Rudy Cafmeyer a thief and smuggler of valuable historical artifacts. Rudy's father is archaeologist and museum curator Oscar "Ozzie" Cafmeyer (Dobtcheff) is kidnapped upon an important archaeologist discovery.
The following year he starred in Derailed, co-starring Tomas Arana, Laura Harring, Dayton Callie, Nikolay Binev, etc. Van Damme plays NATO operative Jacques Kristoff who is summoned into action, upon the theft of extremely valuable and dangerous top-secret container from the Slovakian government.
In Hell is a 2003 American prison action film directed by Ringo Lam. It is the third collaboration between Van Damme and Lam. Van Damme plays an American working overseas in Magnitogorsk, Russia. When he hears his wife being attacked over the phone, he rushes home, but is too late to save her. The man who killed his wife buys off the judge and is found not guilty for lack of evidence. Van Damme's character takes the law into his own hands and kills him, and for this, he is sentenced to life in prison. The general who runs the prison amuses himself by betting on organized fights between his prisoners to fill his pockets, where Van Damme is eventually forced to compete.
That same year, Van Damme employed his dancing training in the music video for Bob Sinclar's "Kiss My Eyes."
His 2004 film was Wake of Death, an action film directed by Philippe Martinez. Ringo Lam was the original director, but he left the project after a few weeks of filming in Canada. It co-stars Simon Yam, Valerie Tian, Tony Schiena, etc. Van Damme stars as a gangster who decides to become legit to spend more time with his wife. However, it proves to be a fatal mistake. Kim's father, Sun Quan (Yam), is a Chinese Triad. Once Sun Quan discovers where his daughter is, he kills Cynthia, her parents, and many of the workers in the restaurant at which they're dining without provocation. However, Sun Quan is not alone in his attempts to avenge his wife, as a French mobster has a vendetta against him. He played himself in the French film Narco (2005), he appears as an imagined version of himself, when one character who idolizes him as the ultimate 'Karate man', imagines a conversation where he acts as that character's conscience.
He followed it with Second in Command (2006), where he plays Commander Samuel "Sam" Keenan, a decorated U.S. Navy SEAL, is sent to the Eastern European nation of Moldavia to become the new security attaché at the U.S. Embassy.
He reunited with Lettich for The Hard Corps (2006) co-starring Raz Adoti, Vivica A. Fox, and Peter Bryant. Van Damme plays Phillip Sauvage an American soldier suffering from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Through his former commanding officer, he gets to work as a bodyguard for former World Heavyweight boxing champion and now successful businessman, where his adventure begins.
The Exam (2007), is a Turkish comedy-drama film directed by Ömer Faruk Sorak, about five Turkish high school students preparing to sit for the university entry exam, who enlist the services of a professional thief, played by Van Damme, to steal the papers.
Until Death (2007), also with Fellows. Van Damme plays a corrupt police detective addicted to heroin whom everybody hates at the workplace. After being shot in a gunfight he falls into a coma. Months later he recovers and decides to use his second chance at life.
Van Damme returned to the mainstream with the limited theatrical release of the 2008 film JCVD, which received positive reviews. Time Magazine named Van Damme's performance in the film the second best of the year (after Heath Ledger's The Joker in The Dark Knight), having previously stated that Van Damme "deserves not a black belt, but an Oscar."
In The Shepherd: Border Patrol (2008), he plays a border patrol agent up against a highly dangerous drug smuggling operation.
He then reprised his role as Luc Deveraux alongside Dolph Lundgren in the 2009 film Universal Soldier: Regeneration, directed by John Hyams (son of Peter Hyams). The film was released theatrically in the Middle East and Southeast Asia and directly to video in the United States and other parts of the world. Since its release, the film has received better than average reviews for a straight-to-DVD franchise sequel.
2010–present: Current works
In 2010, Van Damme directed himself in the barely released Full Love.
In 2011, Van Damme voiced the Master Croc in the computer animation film Kung Fu Panda 2, alongside Jack Black, Angelina Jolie, Dustin Hoffman, Seth Rogen, Lucy Liu, Jackie Chan, Gary Oldman, Michelle Yeoh, Victor Garber, and many more. In the film, Po and the Furious Five (heroes of the previous film) battle an evil peacock named Lord Shen, who has a powerful weapon that he plans to conquer China with. They eventually meet his character who helps them in their quest.
That same year, he played in Assassination Games, alongside Scott Adkins. The film is about an assassin named Flint (Adkins) who, after a drug dealer puts his wife in a coma, retires from his trade. When a contract is put out on the drug dealer, Flint comes out of retirement, only to find that another assassin, Brazil (Van Damme), is also on the job due to the money. The two assassins reluctantly partner in order to combat corrupt Interpol agents and gangsters.
He starred in his own reality TV show Behind Closed Doors (2011). The show showcases his family life, his personal troubles, and an upcoming fight. Since 2009, Van Damme has been planning to make a comeback to fight former boxing Olympic gold-medalist Somluck Kamsing. The fight was a focal point in his ITV reality show Behind Closed Doors. The fight has been repeatedly postponed, with many critics doubting it will occur, especially due to the difficulty of booking the venue. December 2012, Van Damme was seen as part of Kam Sing's ring crew when Kam Sing fought against Jomhod Kiatadisak.
He worked with John Hymans again on Dragon Eyes (2012), then appeared in commercials for Coors Light beer, showing him on a snow-covered mountain wearing a sleeveless denim jacket, and for the washing powder Dash.
He starred as the main villain Jean Vilain in The Expendables 2 against Sylvester Stallone, Jason Statham, Jet Li, Dolph Lundgren, Chuck Norris, Terry Crews, Randy Couture, Liam Hemsworth, Bruce Willis, and Arnold Schwarzenegger. The story of the second installment in The Expendables film series follows the mercenary group known as "the Expendables" as they undertake a seemingly simple mission which evolves into a quest for revenge against rival mercenary Jean Vilain (Van Damme), who murdered one of their own and threatens the world with a deadly weapon. The film was a success. it grossed over $310 million worldwide.
Also in 2012, he starred alongside Scott Adkins, and Dolph Lundgren in Universal Soldier: Day of Reckoning. In the film, a young former military man named John (Adkins) awakens from a coma and finds out that his wife and daughter were murdered in a home invasion, and goes on a personal vendetta against the man behind the incident which revealed to be Luc Deveraux (Van Damme), the nefarious Universal Soldier from the first two films who now became a powerful terrorist military leader.
Six Bullets (2012) is an action film where he stars. It is directed by Ernie Barbarash and co-stars Joe Flanigan, Anna-Louise Plowman, and Charlotte Beaumont. Veteran mercenary Samson Gaul (Van Damme) is retired from combat when his actions resulted in the deaths of helpless victims, but now he's the last hope for a desperate father. Mixed martial artist, Andrew Fayden (Flanigan) knows how to fight, but alone he's unprepared to navigate the corrupt streets of a foreign city to find his kidnapped daughter. Together, these two try to stop a network of criminals that prey upon the innocent. U.F.O. (2012) is a British science fiction film about an alien invasion where he had a supporting role. It was written and directed by independent British filmmaker Dominic Burns, and co-stars Bianca Bree, Sean Brosnan and Simon Phillips.
On 21 October 2012, Van Damme was honored with a life-size statue of himself in his hometown of Brussels. He told reporters during the unveiling, "Belgium is paying me back something, but really it's to pay back to the dream. So when people come by here, it is not Jean-Claude van Damme but it's a guy from the street who believed in something. I want the statue to represent that".
In 2013, he played the main villain in Enemies Closer, an American action thriller film directed and photographed by Peter Hyams, and starring Tom Everett Scott and Orlando Jones. It is Hyams' third directorial collaboration with Van Damme, following 1994's Timecop and 1995's Sudden Death.
On 13 November 2013, Volvo Trucks released an advertisement on YouTube that shows Van Damme doing the splits while perched with each of his feet on the outer rearview mirrors of one semi-trailer truck and one box truck moving backwards, which Van Damme describes in the commercial as "the most epic of splits". The video quickly went viral around the web, receiving more than 11 million views in three days, 35 million in the first week. It was dubbed as the epic split.
Swelter is a 2014 American action film where he plays one of the leads. It stars Lennie James, and co-stars Grant Bowler, Josh Henderson, and Alfred Molina. James plays a sheriff in a small town who has a dark past that he can not remember, only to have to confront it when his ex-partners show up looking for stolen money they believe he has.
Pound of Flesh (2015) - he starred in the action thriller film directed by Ernie Barbarash. Co-starring Darren Shahlavi, Aki Aleong, John Ralston, Jason Tobin and Philippe Joly. The story takes place in Manilla, Philippines, where in planning to donate his kidney to his dying niece, Deacon, a former black-ops agent, awakes the day before the operation to find he is the latest victim of organ theft. Stitched up and pissed-off, Deacon descends from his opulent hotel in search of his stolen kidney and carves a blood-soaked path through the darkest corners of the city - brothels, fight clubs, back-alley black markets, and elite billionaire estates.
He returned to his voice role of Master Croc in the Kung Fu Panda franchise for the third installment. Many of the same cast returned as well as new ones such as Bryan Cranston, J. K. Simmons and Kate Hudson.
Kickboxer: Vengeance is a 2016 American martial arts film directed by John Stockwell. It is a reboot of the original where Van Damme was the lead. Only this time he plays the master and Alain Moussi plays the student on a quest to avenge his brother. It co-stars Dave Bautista, Gina Carano, Georges St-Pierre and Darren Shahlavi.
In 2018, he returned to his role in Kickboxer: Retaliation, a sequel to the reboot. Many of the same cast returned as well as new ones such as Christopher Lambert, Ronaldinho, Mike Tyson and Hafþór Júlíus Björnsson. The film received positive reviews.
Black Water (2018) is an action thriller film directed by Pasha Patriki. It co-stars Dolph Lundgren in the fifth collaboration between both actors as well as the first time they appear together as on-screen allies.
In 22 August of that same year, he starred in Julien Leclercq's The Bouncer. He plays Lukas, an antihero struggling through life to nurture his eight-year-old daughter, and working in nightclubs as a doorkeeper to provide his income. When he gets involved in a fight, he ends up in jail, while his daughter gets placed under the care of social services. He is then asked by the police to infiltrate a criminal organization. In return, he would regain custody of his daughter.
It is said that circa 1984, Filipino film company Liliw Production had received Van Damme's photo and were preparing a film where he would have acted alongside Weng Weng.
Van Damme was the first choice to play the titular Predator character in the first Predator film, with the intent that he would use his martial arts skills to make the alien an agile, ninja-like hunter, but after few days shot, he left the film. It was reported that Van Damme constantly complained about the monster suit being too hot and causing him to pass out; he allegedly also voiced reservations about only appearing on camera in the suit. Additionally, it became apparent that a more physically imposing actor was needed to make the creature appear threatening, against a team of soldiers featuring Arnold Schwarzenegger, Jesse Ventura, Bill Duke or Sonny Landham. The role eventually went to Kevin Peter Hall. After Predator was a success, Van Damme said that he appreciated the movie and that he had no regrets about missing that role.
In 2012, a statue of the actor was unveiled in Anderlecht, Belgium. The artwork, which depicts a younger incarnation of the Muscles from Brussels in one of his fighting poses from the movie Kickboxer, was commissioned to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the Westland Shopping complex. The unveiling took place on Boulevard Sylvain Dupuis and was attended by Van Damme, his parents, Wallonia-Brussels culture minister Fadila Laanan and nearly 2,000 fans. Van Damme said the statue "represented the dream of a Brussels kid" and was "for all the children who want something bad", adding that "if you believe in something strongly enough, it can come true".
Lawsuit and fight record controversy
In 1997, Frank Dux, the martial artist whom Van Damme portrayed in Bloodsport, filed a lawsuit against Van Damme for $50,000 for co-writing and consultation work Dux did on the 1996 film The Quest. According to the lawsuit, Dux also accused Van Damme of lying to the public about his martial arts fight record, stating that when Dux tutored Van Damme while Van Damme was laying carpet for a living, Van Damme exhibited a lack of martial arts skills. Van Damme's lawyer, Martin Singer, responded, "There are records to document his martial arts acclaim. Why, just look at his movies; he didn't get those roles on his acting ability! He's the one who does those splits on chairs. He doesn't have a stuntman to do that."
The Steven Seagal incident
In 2008, actor Sylvester Stallone declared to the British magazine FHM that "At a party in my home in Miami in 1997, Van Damme was tired of Steven Seagal claiming he could kick his ass so he offered Seagal outside into my back yard." According to Stallone, Seagal made his excuses and left while Van Damme tracked him down at a nightclub and challenged him again. Stallone finished by stating "Van Damme was too strong. Seagal wanted none of it."
In October 2011, Van Damme, along with other celebrities including Hilary Swank, Vanessa-Mae and Seal attracted criticism from human rights groups for attending an event in Russian federal subject Chechnya's capital Grozny on the 35th birthday of Chechen president Ramzan Kadyrov on 5 October. Human rights groups, who had urged the celebrities to cancel their appearances because of abuses carried out under Kadyrov, criticised the celebrities for attending the event. Human Rights Watch released a statement which said, "Ramzan Kadyrov is linked to a litany of horrific human rights abuses. It's inappropriate for stars to get paid to party with him [...] And getting paid to be part of such a lavish show in Chechnya trivializes the suffering of countless victims of human rights abuses there."
Public image and influence
In the French-speaking world, Van Damme is well known – and often mocked – for the picturesque aphorisms that he delivers on a wide range of topics (personal well-being, spirituality, the environment, women, dogs, his ability to crack walnuts with his buttocks, his realization that Christianism is flawed based on the fact that "snakes are nice" and "apples contain pectin which is anti-cholesterol", etc.) in a sort of Zen franglais. He was deeply affected by his depiction in the media and the frequent derisive use of his interviews in comedy shows in the early 2000s, becoming increasingly reluctant to grant new interviews in French. He later explained that he was trying to communicate bits of his hard-earned wisdom to young uneducated people dreaming of success, like he used to be himself, and had to struggle with the time constraints of TV, with his difficulties reacquainting with the French language, and with the effects of jet lag, often resulting in a clumsy, haphazard delivery. His public image in the French-speaking world became a major theme of the 2008 movie J.C.V.D. (directed by Mabrouk El Mechri, a fan of Van Damme's from his childhood, who sought to rehabilitate him by exploring those issues head-on).
The original video game Mortal Kombat was conceived as a fighting game based on Van Damme. Creators Ed Boon and John Tobias had originally wanted to star Van Damme himself in the game. That fell through as he had a prior deal for another game under the auspices of the Sega Genesis platform. Ed Boon and John Tobias eventually decided to create a different character for the game named Johnny Cage, who is modelled after Van Damme, primarily from Van Damme's appearance and outfit in the martial arts film Bloodsport. In the German version of the Donkey Kong 64 website, DK's greatest hero is Jean-Claude van Kong.
In January 2017, Van Damme featured in an Ultra Tune television advert which was part of a controversial series of ads. Two women were confronted in a car park by a gang of youths in a threatening manner, Van Damme appears to defend them and then the mood lightens and they take pictures with the star.
By the mid-1990s, the stress of the constant filming and promotion of his films, as Van Damme explains, led him to develop a cocaine habit, on which he spent up to $10,000 a week, and consuming up to 10 grams per day by 1996. He was arrested for driving under the influence in 1999. Attempts at drug rehabilitation were unsuccessful, and he resorted to resolve his addiction via quitting cold turkey and exercise. In 1998, he was diagnosed with bipolar disorder. In 2011, he discussed the condition on the British reality show Behind Closed Doors, saying, "Sometimes you're gonna like me, and sometimes you're gonna hate me. But what can I do? I'm not perfect ... I'm an extreme bipolar, and I'm taking medication for this ... When I was young, I was suffering those swing moods. In the morning, the sky was blue [when I was] going to school, and to me, the sky was black. I was so sad."
Van Damme has been married five times to four different women. He was married to his third wife, bodybuilder Gladys Portugues, with whom he has two children (Kristopher (born 1987) and Bianca Brigitte (born 1990)), until 1992, when he began an affair with actress Darcy LaPier, whom he married in February 1994. From this marriage, they had a son named Nicholas (born 10 October 1995). That same year he had an affair with his Street Fighter co-star Kylie Minogue during filming of that movie in Thailand. LaPier, who was pregnant with their son at the time, did not become aware of the affair until Van Damme publicly admitted it in 2012. After leaving LaPier, Van Damme remarried Portugues in 1999.
|1979||Woman Between Wolf and Dog||Yes||No||No||No||Movie goer/Man in garden||Uncredited extra|
|1984||Monaco Forever||Yes||No||No||No||Gay karate man||Minor role|
|Breakin'||Yes||No||No||No||Spectator in first dance scene||Uncredited extra|
|1986||No Retreat, No Surrender||Yes||No||No||No||Ivan Kraschinsky||Main antagonist role|
|1988||Bloodsport||Yes||No||No||No||Frank Dux||First starring role; also editor (uncredited)|
|Black Eagle||Yes||No||No||No||Andrei||Antagonist role|
|1989||Cyborg||Yes||No||No||No||Gibson Rickenbacker||Also editor (uncredited)|
|Kickboxer||Yes||No||Yes||No||Kurt Sloane||Also fight director and choreographer|
|1990||Lionheart||Yes||No||Yes||No||Léon Gaultier||Also fight choreographer|
|Death Warrant||Yes||No||No||No||Louis Burke|
|1991||Double Impact||Yes||No||Yes||Yes||Alex Wagner / Chad Wagner||Dual role; also fight choreographer|
|1992||Universal Soldier||Yes||No||No||No||Luc Deveraux|
|1993||Nowhere to Run||Yes||No||No||No||Sam Gillen|
|Last Action Hero||Yes||No||No||No||Himself||Cameo|
|Hard Target||Yes||No||No||No||Chance Boudreaux|
|Street Fighter||Yes||No||No||No||Colonel William F. Guile|
|1995||Sudden Death||Yes||No||No||No||Darren McCord|
|The Quest||Yes||Yes||Yes||No||Christopher Dubois|
|1996||Maximum Risk||Yes||No||No||No||Alain Moreau / Mikhail Suverov||Dual role|
|1997||Double Team||Yes||No||No||No||Jack Quinn|
|1998||Knock Off||Yes||No||No||No||Marcus Ray|
|Legionnaire||Yes||No||Yes||Yes||Alain Lefèvre (nom de guerre: Alain Duchamp)|
|1999||Universal Soldier: The Return||Yes||No||No||Yes||Luc Deveraux|
|Inferno||Yes||No||No||Yes||Eddie Lomax||Limited release|
|2001||Replicant||Yes||No||No||No||Edward "The Torch" Garrotte (Luc Savard) / The Replicant||Dual role; main protagonist and antagonist roles; direct-to-video|
|The Order||Yes||No||Yes||No||Rudy Cafmeyer / Charles Le Vaillant||Direct-to-video|
|2003||In Hell||Yes||No||No||No||Kyle LeBlanc|
|2004||Narco||Yes||No||No||No||Jean's ghost by Lenny||Minor role|
|Wake of Death||Yes||No||No||No||Ben Archer||Direct-to-video|
|2005||Second in Command||Yes||No||No||No||Commander Samuel Keenan|
|2006||The Hard Corps||Yes||No||No||No||Philippe Sauvage|
|Until Death||Yes||No||No||No||Anthony Stowe||Direct-to-video|
|2007||The Shepherd: Border Patrol||Yes||No||No||No||Jack Robideaux|
|2008||JCVD||Yes||No||No||Executive||Himself (fictionalized autobiography)||Limited release|
|2009||Universal Soldier: Regeneration||Yes||No||No||No||Luc Deveraux||Direct-to-video|
|2011||Kung Fu Panda 2||Yes||No||No||No||Master Croc||Voice role|
|Assassination Games||Yes||No||No||Executive||Vincent Brazil||Limited release|
|Beur sur la ville||Yes||No||No||No||Colonel Merot||Cameo|
|Rzhevsky versus Napoleon||Yes||No||No||No||Himself|
|Dragon Eyes||Yes||No||No||No||Jean-Louis Tiano||Limited release|
|2012||The Expendables 2||Yes||No||No||No||Jean Vilain||Main antagonist role; Van Damme's first widely released film since 1999|
|Universal Soldier: Day of Reckoning||Yes||No||No||No||Luc Deveraux||Main antagonist role; limited release|
|Six Bullets||Yes||No||No||Executive||Samson Gaul||Direct-to-video|
|2013||Welcome to the Jungle||Yes||No||No||No||Storm Rothschild|
|2015||Pound of Flesh||Yes||No||No||Executive||Deacon Lyle||Limited release|
|Jian Bing Man||Yes||No||No||No||Himself||Cameo|
|2016||Kung Fu Panda 3||Yes||No||No||No||Master Croc||Voice role|
|Kickboxer: Vengeance||Yes||No||Yes||No||Master Durand||Kickboxer reboot; limited release|
|2017||Kill 'Em All||Yes||No||No||No||Philip||Direct-to-video|
|2018||Kickboxer: Retaliation||Yes||No||Yes||No||Master Durand||Limited release|
|2019||We Die Young||Yes||No||No||No||Daniel|
|2021||The Last Mercenary||Yes||No||No||No||Richard||Post-production|
|Minions: The Rise of Gru||Yes||No||No||No||Jean Clawed||Voice role|
|TBA||Frenchy||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Frenchy||In search of a distributor; also editor|
|1996||Friends||Yes||No||Himself||Episode: "The One After the Superbowl" (Season 2, Episode 13)|
|2004||Las Vegas||Yes||No||Episode: "Die Fast, Die Furious" (Season 1, Episode 15)|
Episode: "Maurice Was Caught" (Season 4, Episode 12)
|2011||Behind Closed Doors||Yes||Yes||Himself||8 episodes|
|2011||Les Anges Gardiens||Yes||No||20 episodes|
|2016||Sense8||Yes||No||Episode: "Happy F*cking New Year"
(Season 2, Episode 1)
|2016–2017||Jean-Claude Van Johnson||Yes||Executive (pilot episode)||Johnson (JCVD's fictionalized autobiography) / Filip||6 episodes|
|2020||Les Anges Asian Dream||Yes||No||Himself||Post-production|
|1992||"Body Count's in the House"||Body Count|
|1994||"Time Won't Let Me"||The Smithereens|
|"Straight to My Feet"||MC Hammer featuring Deion Sanders|
|1995||"Something There"||Chage and Aska|
|2003||"Kiss My Eyes"||Bob Sinclar|
|2008||"Ya Lyublyu Ego"||Iryna Bilyk and Olga Gorbacheva|
|2015||"The Hum"||Dimitri Vegas & Like Mike vs. Ummet Ozcan|
|1995||Street Fighter: The Movie||Colonel Guile|
Awards and nominations
|1988||Golden Raspberry Award||Worst New Star||Bloodsport||Nominated|
|1992||MTV Movie Award||Most Desirable Male||Double Impact||Nominated|
|1993||Nowhere to Run||Nominated|
|1998||Golden Raspberry Award||Worst Screen Couple (with Dennis Rodman)||Double Team||Won|
|2001||Video Premiere Award||Best Actor||Replicant||Nominated|
|2004||Bollywood Movie Award||International Action Super Star||Himself||Won|
|2008||Silver Leopard||Best Actor||JCVD||Nominated|
|2009||TFCA Award||Best Performance, Male||Nominated|
|2014||Golden Lotus Award||Outstanding Achievement of Action Movies Show||Himself||Won|
Championships and accomtttitlesments
Mr. Belgium bodybuilding Championships (1976 Gold)
Belgium Karate Lightweight Championships (1977 Gold)
Belgium Karate team European Championships (1979 Gold)
Belgium Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament Championships (1980 Silver)
|Win||44-4-0||Jonny Wellum||Decision||7 May 1980||3||WAKO||Brussels, Belgium||Light-Contact (Van Damme avenges early career defeat)|
|Win||43-4-0||Jordy Claes||1980||Gala International WAKO||Light-Contact|
|Win||42-4-0||Patrick Teugels||l'abandon (TKO)||8 March 1980||1||Forest Nationals||Light-Contact (Teugels suffers a broken nose and is unable to continue)|
|Win||38-4-0||Reinhard Krass||Disq.||26 December 1979||2||Karate Tournament: Belgium Team vs. German Team||Woluwe, Brussels, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||37-4-0||Gilberto Dias||l'abandon||November 1979||1||World All-styles Karate Organization||Brussels, Belgium||Light-Contact (Dias suffers ankle injury and is unable to continue)|
|Win||36-4-0||Hans Kohler||Decision||1979||3||Ingelmunster, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Loss||35-4-0||Patrick Teugels||WAKO||Tampa, Florida, USA||Light-Contact (Both men fight in karate-gi uniforms, no pads or gloves)|
|Win||35-3-0||Matthias Evrard||Cup of Antwerp World All-styles Karate Organization||Antwerp, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||34-3-0||Paul Sperati||World All-styles Karate Organization||Opprebais, Belgium|
|Win||33-3-0||Lucus Reinfeld||World All-styles Karate Organization, Europe Interland Cup||Mulhouse, Belgium|
|Win||32-3-0||Robbe Bogaerts||1978||Hope Cup World All-styles Karate Organization||Brussels, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||31-3-0||Leonard Baptiste||World All-styles Karate Organization||Izegem, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||30-3-0||Fernando Cabanela||World All-styles Karate Organization|
|Loss||29-3-0||Angelo Spataro||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||29-2-0||Gabriel van der Driessche|
|Win||28-2-0||Farid Muhammad Mousseau|
|Win||27-2-0||Jacques van Laere|
|Win||21-2-0||Ben Salah Ellah|
|Win||19-2-0||Abdembi Hassan Ali||Decision||3|
|Win||18-2-0||Jonas "Marcel" Cohen||Decision|
|Win||17-2-0||Christian van Tieghem|
|Loss||11-2-0||Patrick Teugels||Belgium Lightweight Championship||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||11-1-0||Gris Lubbers||1976||European Karate Union||Ingelmunster, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||10-1-0||Andre Lemaire||1977||World Association of Kickboxing Organizations Open International||Izegem, Belgium|
|Win||9-1-0||Patrick Teugels||Antwerp Open International Competition WAKO||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||8-1-0||Maurice Devos||World Allstyles Kickboxing Organization||Semi-Contact|
|Win||7-1-0||Jacques Berri||1976||Antwerp Open WAKO|
|Win||6-1-0||Johannes Binding||Antwerp, Belgium|
|Win||4-1-0||Roland Vedani||1976||3||European Karate Union||Ingelmunster, Belgium|
|Win||3-1-0||Jean-Paul Gaston||Brussels, Belgium|
|Loss||2-1-0||Jonny Wellum||22 January 1976||La Federation Europeene de Karate (European Karate Federation)||Brussels, Belgium||Semi-Contact (J. Vandenberg credit with defaite)|
|Win||2-0-0||Bernard Briers||Semi-Contact (J. Vandenberg credit with victoire)|
|Win||1-0-0||Robin Lomard||Semi-Contact (J. Vandenberg credit with victoire - Karate magazine Boxe francise)|
|Win||18-1-0||Nedjad Gharbi||KKO||1982||1||Brussels, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||17-1-0||Daniel Le Jaouen||1:05|
|Win||16-1-0||Lenny Leikman||3||1st Journée des Arts Martiaux|
|Win||15-1-0||Ajom Mahmud Uddin||KO||1981||1||0:19|
|Win||12-1-0||Michael J. Heming||KKO||1980||0:46||European Karate Federation Middleweight Championship||Kickboxing|
|Win||11-1-0||Georges Verlugels||KO||2||PKA Middleweight Championship||Kickboxing|
|Win||10-1-0||Sherman Bergman||KKO||1979 Nov 4||1||0:56||Tampa, Florida, USA||Full-Contact|
|Win||9-1-0||Rolf Risberg||KKO||1979||Ingelmunster, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||8-1-0||Emile Leibman||Iseghem, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||6-1-0||Orlando Lang||KO||0:26||Antwerp, Belgium|
|Win||4-1-0||Eric "Basel" Strauss||0:18||Antwerp, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||3-1-0||Andre "Robar" Robaeys||Mulhouse, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||2-1-0||Michel Juvillier||KO||0:39||Antwerp, Belgium||Full-Contact|
|Loss||1-1-0||Etienne "Tuf" Aubry||DQ||7 March 1977||1:02||Marseilles, France||Full-Contact (Karate magazine Boxe francise)|
|Win||1-0-0||Toon van Oostrum||KKO||1977||0:46||Brussels, Belgium||Full-Contact|
- Hendrix, Grady (19 October 2007). "Happy belated birthday, Jean-Claude van Damme!". Slate.
- Current Biography Yearbook. H. W. Wilson Company. 1999. p. 577.
- "Jean-Claude van Damme Biography (1960–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- "Jean-Claude van Damme- Biography". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
- "Jean-Claude van Damme unveils his statue in Belgium". The Reel Place.
Standing next to his Flemish mother and his Walloon father, the actor talked about the linguistic conflict: "It's a dispute between two cultures that are, in fact, the same. But, there's a lot of love in this war" he concluded, true to himself.; "Jean-Claude van Damme - Bifff 2007". VanDammeTV.
Mijn moeder is Vlaamse en mijn vader is van Brussels [My mother is Flemish and my father is from Brussels]
- Getting a kick out of stardom By Pearl Sheffy Gefen, The Jerusalem Post: 29 November 1996
- "Why is he famous?". AskMen.com. Archived from the original on 9 April 2010. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
- Stanley, John (2 April 1989). "Belgian Bruiser Muscles into B-Movie Scene". San Francisco Chronicle.
- Karate black belt Archived 5 April 2006 at the Wayback Machine
- Grobel, Lawrence (1 January 1995). "Playboy interview". Playboy.
- Kim, Jae-Ha (14 April 1989). "Van Damme gets his kicks from acting now, not karate". Chicago Sun-Times.
- "FanDamme Jean Claude van Damme". Retrieved 6 December 2014.
- Katherine Drobot Lawrence. Jean-Claude Van Damme (The Rosen Publishing Group, 2002), p. 11.
- "Standardized Tournaments And Ratings System Historic Kickboxing Ring Records" Archived 1 August 2012 at the Wayback Machine. The Star System. 8 March 1980. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
- "CNK – Centre National de Karaté". Jcvandamme.net. Archived from the original on 23 April 2009. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- "King Of Kung Fu Presents: The Jean Claude Van Damme Interview". Asian Movie Pulse. 13 June 2013.
- Warrener, Don (15 August 2011). "Jean Claude van Damme: Behind The Public Image". FightingArts.com. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
- "Jean-Claude Van Damme Reveals Why He Left 'Predator'". The Hollywood Reporter. 1 March 2019.
- "The muscles from Brussels - the story of Jean-Claude Van Damme | Worldation". Worldation. 9 October 2017. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- "Jean-Claude Van Damme and Chuck Norris training together". Bjj Eastern Europe. 4 May 2017. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- Missing in Action (1984), retrieved 9 April 2018
- Levey, William A., Monaco Forever, Charles Pitt, Nancy Brock, Daniele Romer, retrieved 9 April 2018
- "Van Damme's first film". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- Leavold, Andrew (2017). The Search for Weng Weng. Australia: The LedaTape Organisation. pp. 184–185. ISBN 9780994411235.
- "AFI|Catalog". catalog.afi.com. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
- No Retreat, No Surrender Blu-ray, retrieved 27 August 2018
- No Retreat, No Surrender, retrieved 27 August 2018
- "NO RETREAT, NO SURRENDER: An Endearing THE KARATE KID Clone". Cinapse. 21 February 2017. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- Haufrect, Ian T (2001). "If It Bleeds, We Can Kill It". 20th Century Fox.
- "AFI|Catalog". catalog.afi.com. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
- JOHNSON, JOHN (1 May 1988). "NINJA: Hero or Master Fake? : Others Kick Holes in Fabled Past of Woodland Hills Martial Arts Teacher". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- "Bloodsport (1988) - Financial Information". The Numbers. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- "15 Things You Didn't Know About "Bloodsport"". BuzzFeed. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- Bloodsport (film) (in English, French, and Japanese). Warner Home Video. 1 October 2002. ISBN 0-7907-6540-3. 0 85393 77442 4.
- Thompson, Anne (27 August 1989). "Punch Lineage". The Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
- Black Eagle Blu-ray, retrieved 27 August 2018
- Sherrill, Martha (11 August 1991). "The muscles from brussels". The Washington Post.
- Bates, James (23 September 1994). "Van Damme Gains 'Franchise' Status". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 12 April 2019. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
- Evan Sathoff, "Badass Interview: Talking Jean-Claude Van Damme With LIONHEART Director, Sheldon Lettich", 5 Feb 2015 accessed 20 June 2015
- Black Belt. Active Interest Media, Inc. October 1992. p. 19. ISSN 0277-3066. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- "Universal Soldier". Chicago Sun-Times. 10 July 1992. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- Ebert, Roger (1 April 2000). I hated, hated, hated this movie. Andrews McMeel Publishing. p. 365. ISBN 978-0-7407-0672-1. Retrieved 1 August 2011.
- "Van Damme very determined". Hartford Courant. 16 September 1994. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- "Opening Ceremony In Cannes, France On May 13, 1993". Getty Images. Getty Inc. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
- Cagle, Jess (22 January 1993). "Career makeover: Jean-Claude Van Damme". Entertainment Weekly.
- Van Damme Collection: Bloodsport // Timecop (Warner Bros. Double Feature) (film) (in English, French, and Japanese). Warner Home Video. 19 May 2009. ISBN 1-4198-8152-3. 8 83929 06918 7.
- Liebenson, Donald (11 February 1999). "A Direct Hit? New Van Damme Film Bypasses Theaters, Takes Battle Straight to Video". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 22 December 2010.
- The Order Blu-ray, retrieved 2 August 2018
- Until Death. Sony Pictures Home Entertainment Inc. 24 April 2007. ISBN 1-4248-4357-X. 0 43396 17699 7.
- Corliss, Richard (3 November 2008). "The Top 10 Everything of 2008: Top 10 Movie Performances". Time. Retrieved 1 October 2009.
- Corliss, Richard; Grossman, Lev; Ponewozik, James; Zoglin, Richard (13 November 2008). "Short List". Time. Retrieved 1 October 2009.
- "This is Briandom – Universal Soldier: Regeneration". Brian Orndorf. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
- "Universal Soldier: Regeneration Review". Dread Central. Retrieved 22 May 2011.
- Villaca, Pablo. "Universal Soldier: Regeneration Review". Rotten Tomatoes (in Portuguese). Retrieved 22 May 2011.
- Natalia Baage (8 September 2009). "Jean-Claude Van Damme to fight Somluck Kamsing in K-1". Five Knuckles. Archived from the original on 3 February 2010.
- "Jean-Claude Van Damme Talks about Kamsing Fight in May or June 2012". YouTube. 7 November 2011. Retrieved 3 April 2012
- "Жан-Клод Ван Дамм решил провести бой в Грозном". KM.RU Новости. 11 November 2011
- "Muay Thai News – Jean-Claude Van Damme vs Somrak Kamsing? Are you serious bro?" AllTheBestFights.com. 18 October 2012
- "Somrack Kamsing and Jean-Claude Van Damme - Friendship and hon". YouTube. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- Nudd, Tim (17 June 2011). "Ad of the Day: Coors Light Jean Claude Van Damme compares the beer to his frozen crotch". Adweek.
- White, James (22 June 2011). "Jean-Claude Van Damme Finds Six Bullets." Empire (film magazine). Retrieved 3 April 2014.
- Dee, Jake (21 June 2011)."Van Damme Is Back in Action, Gets Paid to Load Six Bullets & Find a Missing Girl." JoBlo.com. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
- 6 Bullets (film) (in English and French). Sony Pictures Home Entertainment Inc. 11 September 2012. 0 43396 40193 8.
- "Jean-Claude Van Damme to Shoot UFO Film in Derby". BBC News. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
- "Jean-Claude Van Damme statue unveiled". India Glitz. 26 October 2012
- "Exclusive Poster: Enemies Closer" Archived 13 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine. CraveOnline. 20 November 2013.
- "Watch Jean-Claude Van Damme do the splits between two Volvo trucks". The Descrier. 16 November 2013. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
- Arpe, Malene (20 November 2013). "Channing Tatum recreates Jean-Claude Van Damme's epic split". The Star. Archived from the original on 23 November 2013. Retrieved 27 November 2013. The Descrier. 16 November 2013
- "Why Van Damme's 'Epic Split' Was the Perfect Storm for One NYC Creative Director". Retrieved 10 June 2018.
- "Kickboxer: Retaliation (2018)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
- Baldwin, Daniel. "JCVD & Lundgren Are Deep In 'Black Water'" Archived 3 May 2017 at the Wayback Machine, www.cinemarunner.com, published 2 May 2017. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
- Kit, Borys. "Jean-Claude Van Damme, Dolph Lundgren Team for Action Thriller 'Black Water'", The Hollywood Reporter, published 4 January 2017. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
- Haufrect, Ian T. (2001). If It Bleeds, We Can Kill It. Predator DVD: 20th Century Fox.
- "Keith Strandberg interview: No Retreat No Surrender". Den of Geek. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
- "Punch Lineage". tribunedigital-chicagotribune. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
- "The Jean-Claude Van Damme/Steven Seagal Movie That Never Will Be...'Demolition Man'". MTV News. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
- Godfrey, Alex (10 August 2012). "Jean-Claude Van Damme: 'I tried to play the system; I was blacklisted'". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
- "Van Damme statue unveiled". The Bulletin. 22 October 2012.
- Dickensheets, Scott (25 September 1997). "People in the News". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved 18 May 2012.
- Hilary Swank, Van Damme criticised over Kadyrov party, Press Trust of India, dated 12 October 2011.
- Elder, Miriam (13 October 2011). "Hilary Swank 'regrets' partying with Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 14 October 2011.
- Masters, Kim (12 October 2011). "Seal's Chechen Leader Birthday Bash Performance Questioned By Human Rights Group". The Hollywood Reporter.
- Elder, Miriam (13 October 2011). "Hilary Swank 'regrets' partying with Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov". The Guardian. London.
- "Jean claude Van Damme, plaidoyer pour une movie-star : la pensée diagonale face à ses propres limites". nanarland.com. 22 October 2003. Archived from the original on 22 October 2003. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
- Guinness World Records Gamer's Edition. London: Guinness World Records. 2008. ISBN 978-1-904994-21-3.
- "Mortal Kombat Episode #313". gamemakers. G4TV. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
- "A New Battle For Mankind Begins in 'Mortal Kombat' Tourney, Redo in the Works". 26 January 2010. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
- Pearson, Nick (30 June 2017). "Australia's most complained about ads of 2017". 9 News. Nine Digital Pty Ltd.
- Kelly, Vivienne (16 January 2017). "Women can jump up and down all they want' says Ultra Tune boss as brand launches new ads". Mumbrella.
- Van Damme saves life of chihuahua after row over fake passport from 19. October 2020 in Theguardian.com
- Godfrey, Alex (10 August 2012). "Jean-Claude Van Damme: 'I tried to play the system; I was blacklisted'". The Guardian.
- Truitt, Brian (19 August 2012). "For Jean-Claude Van Damme, comeback is sweet". USA Today.
- "Jean-Claude Van Damme". Biography.com. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- Bloch, Jon P.; Naser, Jeffrey A. (2006). The everything health guide to adult bipolar disorder. Everything Books. p. 47. ISBN 978-1-59337-585-0. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- "Stars Who've Battled Mental Health Issues". US Weekly. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- Friedman, Roger (14 May 2010). "Cannes film festival 2010: Jean-Claude Van Damme plans to appear in reality TV show for A&E". Daily News. New York. Retrieved 21 March 2011.
- Sieczkowski, Cavan (14 August 2012). "Jean-Claude Van Damme Admits To Affair With Kylie Minogue". HuffPost.
- Chen, Joyce (13 August 2012). "Jean-Claude Van Damme admits to affair with Kylie Minogue while shooting 'Street Fighter' almost 20 years ago". Daily News (New York).
- McKay, Hollie (15 August 2012). "Exclusive: Darcy LaPier shocked by ex-husband Jean-Claude Van Damme's affair with Kylie Minogue." Fox News Channel. Fox News Network LLC. Retrieved 17 December 2015.
- "The Religion and political views of Jean-Claude Van Damme". Hollowverse.
- Jean-Claude van Damme's library (19 November 2015). "Van Damme (JCVD) - First ever screen appearance in 1979" – via YouTube.
- Dimitri Vegas & Like Mike (5 May 2015). "Dimitri Vegas & Like Mike vs Ummet Ozcan - The Hum ( Official Music Video )" – via YouTube.
- Kreps, Daniel (29 August 2020). "See Jean-Claude Van Damme Dance in Parking Lot in AaRON's 'Ultrarêve' Video". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 4 September 2020.
- Wilson, John (23 August 2000). "1988 Archive" Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Razzies.com.
- Katherine Drobot Lawrence. Jean-Claude van Damme. The Rosen Publishing Group, 2002.
- Corcoran, John; Farkas, Emil (1988). Martial Arts: Traditions, History, People. New York City: Gallery Books. pp. 60, 265. ISBN 978-0-8317-5805-9. (Wako)
- Corcoran, John; Farkas, Emil (1988). Martial Arts: Traditions, History, People. New York City: Gallery Books. pp. 285–286. ISBN 978-0-8317-5805-9. (PKA World Heavyweight Title)
- Corcoran, John; Farkas, Emil (1988). Martial Arts: Traditions, History, People. New York City: Gallery Books. pp. 210, 393. ISBN 978-0-8317-5805-9. (Eku)
- Soet, John Steven (March 1990). "Jean-Claude van Damme". Inside Kung-Fu Presents: Martial Artists One on One. pp. 16–25.
- Vandehey, Tim (April 1991). "Gunning for Van Damme". Karate Kung-Fu Illustrated.
- Xuat Tinh Som (31 December 2007). "Jean-Claude van Damme". Tre Today News.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jean-Claude Van Damme.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Jean-Claude Van Damme|