Gymnopusin

Gymnopusin is a phenanthrenediol produced by the orchid Bulbophyllum gymnopus.[1] It is also found in Bulbophyllum reptans[2] and Maxillaria densa.[3]

Gymnopusin

Chemical structure of gymnopusin
Names
Other names
7,9-Dihydroxy-2,3,4-trimethoxyphenanthrene
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
  • InChI=1S/C17H16O5/c1-20-14-7-9-6-13(19)16(21-2)17(22-3)15(9)11-5-4-10(18)8-12(11)14/h4-8,18-19H,1-3H3
    Key: GIVSZLKTIBWYRM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • InChI=1/C17H16O5/c1-20-14-7-9-6-13(19)16(21-2)17(22-3)15(9)11-5-4-10(18)8-12(11)14/h4-8,18-19H,1-3H3
    Key: GIVSZLKTIBWYRM-UHFFFAOYAJ
  • COC1=CC2=CC(=C(C(=C2C3=C1C=C(C=C3)O)OC)OC)O
Properties
C17H16O5
Molar mass 300.310 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

References

  1. Structure and synthesis of gymnopusin, a novel phenanthrenediol from the orchid Bulbophyllum gymnopus. Andrew B. Hughes and Melvyn V. Sargent, J. Chem. Soc., 1989, Perkin Trans. 1, pages 1787-1791, doi:10.1039/P19890001787
  2. Kovacs, Phytochemistry, 69, (2008), 1084
  3. Phytotoxicity and ultrastructural effects of gymnopusin from the orchid Maxillaria densa on duckweed (Lemna pausicostata) frond and root tissues. Valencia-Islas NA, Paul RN, Shier WT, Mata R and Abbas HK, Phytochemistry, 2002, volume 61, issue 2, pages 141-148, PMID 12169307, doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(02)00220-0


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