Garland-Lincoln LF-1

The Garland-Lincoln LF-1 (Lincoln-Flagg-1) is a replica World War I Nieuport 28 aircraft used for movie stunts and reenactments.[1]

Garland-Lincoln LF-1.jpg
Role Movie aircraft
National origin United States
Manufacturer Garland-Lincoln
Designer Claude Flagg
Introduction 1938
Primary user Movie Studios
Number built 3

Design and developmentEdit

The LF-1 was built in Glendale, California specifically to represent a World War I Nieuport 28 fighter for movie stunt work. Designed by Claude Flagg, the aircraft was commissioned by Garland Lincoln, a pilot and supplier of aircraft for motion picture work. Three examples were built.[1]

While similar in appearance, the aircraft is shorter than the Nieuport it replicates, with a 200 hp (149 kW) radial engine that is much more powerful. Other modifications included the substitution of a steel tube framework and a one-piece upper wing without dihedral.[1]

On set with a Curtiss JN-4 in the background

Operational historyEdit

Model N12237 was featured in Hell in the Heavens (1934), Dawn Patrol (1938), and Men with Wings (1938). It was later used by Frank Tallman and Paul Mantz in other film and television work.[2][3]

While still owned by Tallmantz, the aircraft appeared in television shows including "Get Smart", "The Twilight Zone", and "My Three Sons." In the early 1970s the LF-1 was named "Snoopy" when the Red Baron first appeared in Charles M Schulz's Peanuts comic strip. Schulz used the aircraft to promote Snoopy as the Flying Ace at publicity events.

In 1975, Frank Tallman piloted the repainted LF-1 to appear in The Great Waldo Pepper. Tallman was hospitalized after the aircraft collided with high tension wires and crashed during filming. He offered the damaged aircraft for sale and Brent Moné, as of 2012, owns the aircraft.[4]

Specifications (Garland-Lincoln LF-1)Edit

Data from Popular Aviation, June 1937[1]

General characteristics


  • Maximum speed: 184 kn (212 mph, 341 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: 160 kn (180 mph, 290 km/h)
  • Wing loading: 7.5 lb/sq ft (37 kg/m2)

See alsoEdit

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era



  1. ^ a b c d Popular Aviation, June 1937.
  2. ^ AAHS Journal, Volume 51, 2006.
  3. ^ "Garland-Lincoln History.", November 5, 2012.
  4. ^ Gay, Melinda. "Snoopy's Flying Aircraft." Red Baron Flyer (Charles M. Schulz Sonoma County Airport), Issue 21, October 2009.


  • Cheesman E.F. (ed.) Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Letchworth, UK: Harleyford Publications, 1960, pp. 98–99.
  • Cooksley, Peter. Nieuport Fighters in Action (Aircraft No. 167). Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, 1997. ISBN 978-0-89747-377-4.

External linksEdit