Enkutatash (Ge'ez: እንቁጣጣሽ) is a public holiday in coincidence of New Year in Ethiopia and Eritrea. It occurs on Meskerem 1 on the Ethiopian calendar, which is 11 September (or, during a leap year, 12 September) according to the Gregorian calendar.
|Also called||Gift of Jewel|
|Significance||First day of the Ethiopian year|
|2022 date||11 September|
|2023 date||12 September|
|Related to||New Year's Day|
This holiday is based on the Ethiopian calendar. It is the Ethiopian/Eritrean New Year.
According to InCultureParent, "after attending church in the morning, families gather to share a traditional meal of injera (flat bread) and wat (sauce). Later in the day, young girls donning new clothes, gather daisies and present friends with a bouquet, singing New Year's songs." According to the Ethiopian Tourism Commission, "Enkutatash is not exclusively a religious holiday. Modern Enkutatash is also the season for exchanging formal new year greetings and cards among the urban sophisticated – in lieu of the traditional bouquet of flowers."
The Ethiopian counting of years begins in the year 8 of the common era. This is because the common era follows the calculations of Dionysius, a 6th-century monk, while the non-Chalcedonian countries continued to use the calculations of Annius, a 5th-century monk, which had placed the Annunciation of Christ exactly 8 years later. For this reason, on Enkutatash in the year 2016 of the Gregorian calendar, it became 2009 in the Ethiopian calendar.
- "Time and dates in Ithiopia [sic]". Rasta Ites. Archived from the original on 1 January 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
- "Enkutatash (Ethiopian New Year): September 11". InCultureParent. 7 September 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
- Ethiopian Tourism Commission (16 November 2002). "Ethiopian Festivals". Retrieved 29 October 2013.