Cox Enterprises, Inc. is a privately held global conglomerate headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, United States, with approximately 55,000 employees and $21 billion in total revenue. Its major operating subsidiaries are Cox Communications, Cox Automotive, and Cox Media Group. The company's major national brands include AutoTrader, Kelley Blue Book and more.
|Founded||1898Dayton, Ohio, U.S.in|
|Founder||James M. Cox|
|James C. Kennedy, Chairman|
Alexander C. Taylor, President & CEO
|Products||Telecommunications, Automotive, Mass media|
|Revenue||US$21 billion (2018)|
|Owner||Cox family |
Number of employees
|Subsidiaries||Cox Communications |
Cox Media Group
Through Cox Automotive, the company's international operations stretch across Asia, Australia, Europe and Latin America. Cox Enterprises is currently led by Alexander C. Taylor, a fourth-generation Cox family member and great-grandson of founder James M. Cox. James M. Cox's grandson, James C. Kennedy, and other members of the Cox family are on the company's board of directors.
The company was founded in Dayton, Ohio by James M. Cox, who purchased the Dayton Daily News in 1898. Cox became a member of Ohio's delegation to the United States House of Representatives and then the Governor of Ohio. He was the Democratic Party candidate for president of the United States in the presidential election of 1920, running unsuccessfully on a ticket that included Franklin D. Roosevelt as the vice presidential candidate.
Years later and at the urging of Governor Cox’s son, James M. Cox Jr., Cox entered the radio business, starting with WHIO in Dayton in 1935. Governor Cox purchased the Atlanta Journal in 1939 as well as the WSB radio station. On September 29, 1948, Cox's WSB-TV, later referred to as the "Eyes of the South", aired the first television broadcast in Atlanta. WHIO-TV in Ohio's Miami Valley soon followed, airing its first broadcasts on February 23, 1949.
In 1950, Governor Cox purchased The Atlanta Constitution, and in 1962 his son purchased three cable television systems in central Pennsylvania with a total of 11,800 subscribers. The two combined their broadcasting and cable businesses into the publicly-traded Cox Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) in 1964, though the newspaper business remained independent as Cox Enterprises. As the cable business expanded, it was eventually consolidated and spun off into the new privately-owned Cox Cable Communications (CCC) in 1968, which quickly became the second-largest cable TV company. Upon Jim Cox Jr.’s death in 1974, he left his two sisters, Anne Cox Chambers and Barbara Cox, in control of 95% of the privately-owned company.
In 1982, CBC moved its headquarters to the Atlanta area and changed its name to Cox Communications, Inc. The company was eventually consolidated into Cox Enterprises. In 1988 then-Executive Vice President Jim Kennedy, grandson of Governor Cox, was promoted to CEO and chairman of Cox Enterprises.
Getting into Automotive
Cox entered the automotive industry in 1965 with the purchase of Black Book. Three years later, Manheim was purchased by Cox as well. The 1980s saw Manheim acquire its first non-U.S. auction in Toronto, Canada, making Cox an international company. In 1999, Autotrader.com was founded revolutionizing the way people buy and sell used cars. In 2014, Cox Enterprises brought its automotive-related businesses (which by then included vAuto and NextGear Capital) together under the Cox Automotive name.
Cox Communications is the third-largest U.S. cable company, serving approximately 6 million residences and businesses. It provides advanced digital video, Internet, telephone and home security and automation services over its own nationwide IP network.
Cox Communications formed an alliance with the Cleveland Clinic to take Healthcare to the home in February 2015. The company has also been deploying residential gigabit internet service.
In 2019, Cox Communications earned the No. 11 spot on the 2019 DiversityInc Top 50 Companies for Diversity list. This marks the fourteenth time the company has been recognized among the nation’s corporate diversity leaders.
Cox Automotive is a provider of "vehicle remarketing services and digital marketing and software for automotive dealers and consumers." Cox Automotive brands include Manheim, Clutch Technologies, Dealer-Auction Ltd, AutoTrader, Kelley Blue Book, vAuto, Dealer.com, Dealertrack, NextGear Capital, Xtime, Vinsolutions and a host of global businesses and brands serving auto dealers, manufacturers and financial institutions.
Cox Media Group
Cox Media Group (CMG) is an integrated broadcasting, publishing, direct marketing and digital media company.
In 2019 Cox Enterprises reached an agreement with Apollo Global Management to buy a majority interest in Cox Media Group's broadcast television stations, including the company's radio, newspaper, and TV properties in Ohio, and its local OTT advertising subsidiary – Gamut. Smart Media from Cox. based in New York. On February 10, 2020, Cox Enterprises bought back the Ohio newspapers it sold to Apollo Global Management after the FCC required Apollo to reduce the daily newspapers to 3-day publication or sell them. Cox announced the newspapers would continue 7-day publication.
The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, in addition to the media agency Ideabar, will continue to be part of Cox Enterprises.
Gamut is a subsidiary of CMG known for its work in local, over-the-top (OTT) video advertising solutions, whereas CMG focuses on linear television and radio. Based in New York, NY, in the same building as CMG, Gamut has eight offices in the US. Gamut’s proprietary technology, Gamut TOTAL, places OTT advertising campaigns directly in publishers' ad servers, including Discovery Inc.’s networks.
Cox Conserves is the company’s national sustainability program that focuses on alternative energy, community investment, employee engagement, energy conservation, waste diversion, recycling, and water conservation.
Since its launch in 2007, Cox Enterprises has invested more than $120 million in over 400 sustainability and conservation projects through Cox Conserves to drive positive environmental change within the organization, among stakeholders, and within the communities being served. According to its public statements, its primary focus areas include:
- Energy and Water conservation
- Waste diversion & recycling
- Community engagement
In September 2019, Cox Automotive's Mobility Division entered into an agreement with Rivian, the company developing the first luxury all-electric truck. In the deal, Cox will invest $350 million into Rivian, with the two companies exploring partnership opportunities in service operations, logistics, and digital retailing.
- "Cox Enterprises Inc. Financial Statements". Institute of Media and Communications Policy. September 17, 2012.
- "Three Cox Billionaires Minted as Matriarch Gives Away Wealth". Bloomberg. November 20, 2015.
- "Cox Enterprises Elects Alex Taylor and Jamie Kennedy to Board of Directors - Apr 22, 2014". Coxenterprises.mediaroom.com. April 22, 2014. Archived from the original on November 1, 2015. Retrieved November 7, 2015.
- "About Us - History". Cox Enterprises. Cox Enterprises.
- "120 Years of Building a Better Future". Cox Enterprises. Cox Enterprises. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
- Glover, C (February 1, 1999). Journey Through Our Years: The Story of Cox Enterprises, Inc. Marietta, GA: Longstreet. ISBN 978-1563525704.
- "Worldwide Automotive Leader". Cox Enterprises. Cox Enterprises. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
- "Cox Enterprises Businesses".
- "Cox Communications Fact Sheet". Cox Communications. Cox Communications. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
- "Cox Communications And Cleveland Clinic Form Alliance To Take Healthcare To The Home". Cox Communications. Cox Communications.
- "2019 DiversityINC Top 50 Companies for Diversity". DiversityInc.com. DiversityInc.com. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
- "Cox Automotive | Cox Enterprises".
- "It's Official: Cox Radiom, Gamut, CoxReps Going To Apollo". Radio+Television Business Report. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
- Jon, Lafayette. "Cox Sells Broadcast Group to Apollo Global Management". NextTV. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
- Staff, Staff Writer. "Cox Enterprises buys back Ohio newspapers; 7-day publication continues". daytondailynews. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
- Scott Trubey, J. "Cox to Sell Majority Stake in TV Stations to Apollo". AJC.com. Atlanta Journal Constitution. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
- "Discovery, Inc. Partners with Gamut to Bring Lifestyle Packages to OTT". YAHOO Finance. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
- "Discovery, Inc. Partners with Gamut to Bring Lifestyle Packages to OTT". NASDAQ. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
- "New Gamut Platform Manages Local OTT Campaigns". MediaPost. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
- "Driving Positive Environmental Change". Cox Enterprises. Cox Enterprises. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
- "From the Inside Out". Cox Enterprises. Cox Enterprises. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
- "Rivian Announces $350 Million Investment from Cox Automotive". Cox Automotive. Cox Automotive. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
- Media related to Cox Enterprises at Wikimedia Commons