The Coptic flag (Coptic: Ⲡⲓⲙⲏⲓⲛⲓ ⲛ̀Ⲣⲉⲙⲕⲩⲡⲧ) was created in 2005 by Coptic activists in different countries to represent Coptic communities both in Egypt and in the Coptic diaspora. It is not recognized by the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, and it is not recognized by any official Coptic organization. The only Coptic organization that has recognized the flag is the New Zealand Coptic Association, which is the same association that created the flag. and the Free Copts.
The Coptic flag consists of two main components: a blue cross and a colorful coat of arms.
- The cross represents Christianity, the Copts' religion. The blue color stems from the Egyptian sky and water. It also reminds the Copts of their persecution, when some Muslim rulers forced their ancestors to wear heavy crosses around their necks until their necks became blue.
- The top of the coat of arms is decorated with Coptic crosses intertwined with lotus flowers, representing Egyptian identity. Coptic crosses are made of four arms equal in length, each of which is crossed by a shorter arm (a form of the heraldic "Cross Crosslet"). They are different from the Latin cross that possesses three short arms and a longer arm. The lotus flower, also known as the Egyptian White Water-lily (Nymphaea lotus), is one of ancient Egypt's most highly regarded flowers. It used to represent creation and resurrection, for it disappears under water after sunset, then resurfaces and blooms at dawn. An ancient Egyptian creation myth states that the first thing to have been born from the watery chaos of the beginning of time was a giant lotus flower, which, on the first day of creation, gave birth to the sun.
The black background behind the ornaments is a symbol of Kêmi (Coptic: Ⲭⲏⲙⲓ), the Egyptian name of Egypt, which means the Black Land. Ancient Egyptians gave their country this name since the waters of the Nile used to bring black (Coptic: ⲭⲁⲙⲉ) soil during the inundation season and deposit it on the banks of the Nile, thus fertilizing them. The contrast between the yellow and the black is a symbol of the Copts' Christian faith and Egyptian identity that still shine amid the darkness of the persecution they have been suffering over the centuries. Beneath these ornaments is a green line in the middle of the coat of arms, which represents the Nile Valley. Around it are two yellow lines that symbolize the Eastern and Western Deserts of Egypt. These two lines are in turn flanked by two blue lines that represent the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea that enclose Egypt. Finally, these lines are separated by red lines symbolizing the blood of the Coptic martyrs, which has been shed all over Egypt since Egyptians adopted Christianity and until today.
- "New Zealand Coptic Association". Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2018-09-19.
- "Freecopts.net". freecopts.net. Archived from the original on 2011-03-01. Retrieved 2018-03-14.
- My Coptic Church - Ask A Copt
- El-Shamy, Hasan M. Folktales of Egypt. 406 p. 1980 Series: (FW) Folktales of the World ISBN 978-0-226-20625-7 (ISBN 0-226-20625-4)