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Bauer Radio is a UK-based radio division of the Bauer Media Group.
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Bauer's network of local FM stations was originally known as the Big City Network. In 2006, many of the former Scottish Radio Holdings stations were added to the network and branded as Big City Network Scotland and Northern Ireland, although all stations kept their original logos, with the exception of CFM, which took a version of the 'cog' logo used by other BCN stations in England. West Sound was the only AM station in the network although it did not carry any of the networked programming carried by the FM stations.
In April 2011 Bauer Radio announced it would be restructuring its radio portfolio into two divisions: locally focused and heritage stations, including many of the Big City stations, South Coast station Wave 105 and London station Magic 105.4 FM would also become part of the "Bauer Place" division, with branded music-category stations such as Kiss and Kerrang Radio forming a second sub-brand, "Bauer Passion" – the Big City Network identity was dropped as part of the restructuring.
In April 2013, Bauer announced it would merge its two North East England stations, Metro Radio and TFM. Both stations broadcast shared programming from Newcastle and Manchester while carrying separate branding, news bulletins and advertising.
In September 2014, Bauer announced it would be restructuring its radio portfolio as from January 2015. Magic AM in England was dropped in favour of the stations reverting to their heritage station names. The stations now form part of the new 'City 2' network serving both Scotland and Northern England. A 'City 3' network on DAB replacing The Hits Radio (in most areas) launched on Monday 19 January 2015. As part of this restructuring, the Place and Passion network banners introduced in 2011 were replaced by the current Bauer City and Bauer National divisions. (The 'City 3' network was withdrawn in favour of reverting to the networked The Hits service from September 2017.)
At the beginning of March, 2016, Bauer moved two of its stations, Planet Rock and Absolute 80s, from Digital One onto the Sound Digital multiplex, reducing the availability of these stations (areas including East Anglia, the South West, parts of Kent, Cumbria, and large areas of Wales and Scotland had no Sound Digital network transmitters at all.) The issue was reported in local media in some areas. Planet Rock and Absolute 80s on D1 began broadcasting just a retune message loop from 18 April and the switch-off occurred on 30 April.
On 6 May 2016, Bauer announced it had bought Midlands radio group Orion Media for an undisclosed fee, reportedly between £40 and £50 million. It was subsequently confirmed that Orion's stations Free Radio (West Midlands) and Gem (East Midlands) would become part of the Bauer City portfolio, with Gem introducing a version of the City sonic logo device to its presentation from August 2016.
On 14 April 2020 the Competition and Markets Authority revoked the Initial Enforcement Orders in relation to the acquisition by Bauer Radio Group Limited of certain assets of the Celador Entertainment Limited business on 1 March, certain assets of the Lincs FM Group Limited business on 1 March 2019, and of UKRD Group Limited on 12 March 2019 and Scala Radio LP of certain assets of Wireless Group Limited business on 1 March 2019.
This comprises seven decade-themed services and a dedicated classic-rock station. The network is aimed at 35 to 54 year olds.
- Absolute Radio
- Absolute Radio 60s
- Absolute Radio 70s
- Absolute Radio 80s
- Absolute Radio 90s
- Absolute Radio 00s
- Absolute Radio 10s
- Absolute Radio 20s
- Absolute Radio Classic Rock
- Absolute Radio Country
- Greatest Hits Radio, Classic hits radio network of 44 radio stations, available on local AM, FM and DAB, with a national DAB station.
- Hits Radio, a Contemporary hit radio network of 25 radio stations, available on local FM and DAB, with a national DAB station.
- Hits Radio Pride, launched in 2020.
- Jazz FM, DAB service available nationally playing jazz, blues and soul, based from London, acquired by Bauer in 2018.
From 7 May 2021, the station, along with Kerrang! Radio, Planet Rock and Scala Radio, have had 20 additional spin-off stations each available using a Premium subscription.
- After Hours
- Avant Garde
- Best Live Jazz Performances
- Big Band and Swing
- Big Easy
- Dinner Jazz
- Jazz DNA
- Jazz Funk Party
- Move On Up - Funk and Soul
- New Heat
- Piano Jazz
- Players Lounge
- Relax with Jazz
- Robbie Vincent's Music Garden Party (originally called Rhythm - The Beat Goes On)
- Smooth and Soulful Jazz
- Vocal Expression
A network similar to Absolute, dedicated to rock music:
- Kerrang! Radio, modern rock music, broadcast on Freeview nationally and online
- Kerrang! Radio Unleashed, Online only station dedicated to the heavier side of Kerrang!.
- Klassic Kerrang! Radio, Online only station dedicated to classic tracks from the past 20 years of the alternative rock scene.
From 7 May 2021, the station, along with Jazz FM, Planet Rock and Scala Radio, have had 20 additional spin-off stations each available using a Premium subscription.
- Alt Rock 80s
- Alt Rock 90s
- Alt Rock 00s
- Alt Rock 10s
- Alt New Rock
- Alt Rock Anthems
- Alt Rock Party
- Alt Rock Workday
- Alt Rock Workout
- Everything Emo
- Fresh Blood
- Full Metal Racket
- Goth Rock Party
- Grunge Garden
- Non Stop Headliners
- Pop Punk Ruuules!
- PWR Up Live
- Rebel Rebel
- The Moshpit
- US Rocks
The KISS network is aimed at a young 15-34 audience and plays predominantly rhythmic (dance/urban) music.
- KISS, Available on Digital One national DAB and on Sky and Freeview across the UK.
- DAB stations:
- Online only stations:
- Magic, Melodic adult-contemporary music service aimed at 25 to 54 year olds, available on DAB nationally and on FM in London.
- Magic Chilled, Laid-back modern hits (principally mellow chart pop of the 1990s and 2000s).
- Magic Mellow (also known as Mellow Magic), Melodic classic hits and love songs.
- Magic Soul, A mix of soul, funk, Motown and R&B music.
- Magic Workout, Online only station playing the classic dance tracks.
- Magic at the Musicals, DAB+ station playing show tunes.
- Magic 100% Christmas, Online only station playing Christmas music.
From 7 May 2021, the station, along with Jazz FM, Kerrang! Radio and Scala Radio, have had 20 additional spin-off stations each available using a Premium subscription.
- Acoustic Amps Off
- Chilled Rock
- Classic 70s Rock
- Classic 80s Rock
- Classic 90s Rock
- Classic 00s Rock
- Classic 10s Rock
- Driving Songs
- Hair Metal Heroes
- Main Stage Live
- New Rock
- Party Rock
- Power Anthems
- Rock Ballads
- Rock Your Workout (temporarily renamed Bloodstock Radio during the 2021 Bloodstock Open Air)
- The Blues Bar
- The Prog Lab
- UK Rocks
- Workday Rocks
- Scala Radio, Classical music national station broadcast digitally (Sound Digital and online) from 4 March 2019.
From 7 May 2021, the station, along with Jazz FM, Kerrang! Radio and Planet Rock, have had 20 additional spin-off stations each available using a Premium subscription.
- 100% Baroque
- 100% Mozart
- 20th Century Classics
- Car Journey Classical
- Classical Bangers
- Contemporary Classical
- Dinner Party
- Hit the Dancefloor
- In the Park
- Mindfulness Music
- Movie Blockbusters
- Piano Playlist
- Screen Time
- The Big Composers
- The Classical Era
- The Console
- The Jukebox
- The Romantics
- The Study Space
- Time to Sing!
- Cool FM, CHR station on FM in Belfast and DAB across Northern Ireland, part of Hits Radio for advertising purposes.
- Downtown Radio, Hot AC station on AM/DAB in Belfast and FM/DAB in the rest of Northern Ireland, part of Hits Radio for advertising purposes.
- Downtown Country, Dedicated digital country music station on DAB in Northern Ireland.
- Lincs FM, Hot AC station in Lincolnshire & Newark. All programming is locally produced.
- Pirate FM, Hot AC station based in the Carn Brea area of Redruth, Cornwall. All programming is locally produced.
- Sam FM, Classic hits station in Bristol. All programming is locally produced.
- Wave 105, Hot AC station in Solent. All programming is locally produced, although is part of Hits Radio for advertising purposes.
- Mojo Radio, Classic rock, early pop, blues and soul; broadcast on digital TV and online; ceased broadcasting in 2008.
- Q Radio, Rock, alternative rock; broadcast nationally on Freeview and online; closed on 7 May 2013; replaced by Kisstory.
- Radio City Talk, A talk format station which provided rock and sport to Merseyside and the North West. It closed in May 2020 due to no longer having financial viability. It was a sister station to Radio City and Greatest Hits Radio Liverpool.
- Smash Hits Radio, Contemporary pop hits; following its removal from DAB it continued over Freeview, until being withdrawn to release a slot for KissFresh.
- 3C, Country music station, based in Glasgow, acquired as part of SRH takeover, broadcast on DAB in various areas and Freeview nationally; closed 2007; replaced on Freeview by a relay of Clyde 1 for a time.
Bauer is a partner in one of the UK's national commercial multiplexes, operates twelve wholly owned local DAB multiplexes, and jointly owns a further three with Global Radio; the firm was also formerly a minority partner (of Wireless Group) for local services in three further areas. Bauer operates the following DAB multiplexes:
Bauer has a 30% holding in Sound Digital, operator of the second national commercial DAB multiplex to launch in the UK; this began transmissions in spring 2016 and several Bauer stations broadcast on it, some transferred from other multiplexes. The other partners are Wireless Group (30%) and Arqiva (40%).
Bauer Digital RadioEdit
Bauer's wholly owned digital multiplexes are primarily located in areas where the firm operates local FM stations; the original group of Bauer (formerly Emap) DAB multiplexes are located in the following areas:
- Central Lancashire – Bauer Central Lancashire
- Humberside – Bauer Humberside
- Leeds – Bauer Leeds
- Liverpool – Bauer Liverpool
- South Yorkshire – Bauer South Yorkshire
- Teesside – Bauer Teesside
- Tyne and Wear – Bauer Tyne & Wear
As part of Emap's takeover of Scottish Radio Holdings, the firm gained control of Score Digital, the DAB multiplex operator owned by SRH. Competition guidelines required the merged firm to divest of one of the multiplexes obtained in this deal, and so the Ayr multiplex formerly run by Score was sold on to Arqiva. The remaining Score multiplexes have since been relabelled as Bauer multiplexes.
The ex-Score DAB multiplexes are located in:
- Dundee – Score Dundee
- Edinburgh – Score Edinburgh
- Glasgow – Score Glasgow
- Inverness – Score Inverness
- Northern Ireland – Score Northern Ireland
The Wireless Group and Emap entered into a venture to run the following three DAB multiplexes. These multiplexes were initially branded as TWG-Emap multiplexes; following the sale of TWG to UTV (creating UTV Radio), the multiplexes were relabelled as UTV-Emap, and following the sale of Emap's radio assets to Bauer, the blocks were renamed again as UTV-Bauer. Bauer owned 30 per cent of the UTV-Bauer venture, but sold its stake in November 2013. Now wholly owned by Bauer Radio following the sale of the Wireless local stations in 2019.
- Stoke-on-Trent – Stoke & Stafford (DAB Multiplex)
- Swansea – Swansea SW Wales (DAB Multiplex)
- West Yorkshire – Bradford & Huddersfield (DAB Multiplex)
Bauer and Global Radio jointly own CE Digital Ltd, each holding 50% of the venture. The CE operation was established by Emap in partnership with the Capital Radio Group, which through mergers subsequently became part of GCap Media and later Global Radio. The 'CE' multiplexes take their name from the initials of Capital and Emap, and have not been renamed despite the identity changes of both operators.
CE Digital operate the following DAB multiplexes:
Radio City 2 balloonsEdit
In 2008 Radio City 2 started annually releasing hundreds of balloons (with messages attached) from the roof of the Radio City 2 "in memory of loved ones that we miss at Christmas time." This practice continued on an annual basis until December 2016. On 22 December 2016, Radio City 2 and Pete Price – a radio presenter at Radio City 2 – were contacted by numerous scuba divers and environmentally conscious members of the public urging them to cancel the planned mass balloon release at midnight on 22 December. The balloon release went ahead. Two leading diver journalists contacted Radio City 2's owner – Bauer Media Group – appealing for this practice to be stopped. Bauer Media confirmed that no company within the Group would conduct a balloon release in the future. An exception to this was made by Key 103 on 24 May 2017, 2 days after the Manchester Arena terror attack in memory of the 22 victims that died.
- "Bauer drops Big City image". Radio Today. 14 April 2011.[dead link]
- TFM leaves Teesside to share with Metro, Radio Today, 5 April 2013
- Greatest Hits Network Change request form Ofcom
- Magic Changes Ofcom Request Form Ofcom
- "Bauer buys radio group Orion Media", The Guardian, 6 May 2016
- "Orion Media sold to Bauer for £50m", The Telegraph, 6 May 2016
- "Bauer takes over at Jazz FM; plans to enhance offering". a516 Digital. 16 August 2018. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
- "Bauer Media acquires Lincs FM Group". Retrieved 8 February 2019.
- "Bauer Media continues to grow with two acquisitions". Retrieved 8 February 2019.
- "Bauer buys Wireless Group's local radio stations". Retrieved 8 February 2019.
- "BAUER MEDIA UK TO ACQUIRE UKRD GROUP". Bauer Media. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
- "Brands – Radio". www.bauermedia.co.uk. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
- "Bauer Media Group agrees to acquire Jazz FM". Radio Today. 16 August 2018. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
- "Bauer introduces subscription radio services". Prolific North. 7 May 2021. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
- "DAB Ensembles WorldWide – UK Local & Minimuxes". wohnort.org.
- "See 'End Notes' on page 28" (PDF).
- Rosemary E Lunn (9 January 2017), "Bauer Media To Stop 'Balloon Releases' Within The Group", X-Ray Mag