Badr, Saudi Arabia

Badr (Arabic: بَـدْر‎, full name: Badr Hunayn, Arabic: بدر حنین‎) is a town in Al Madinah Province, Al-Hijaz, Saudi Arabia. It is located about 130 km (81 mi) from the Islamic holy city of Medina. It was the location of the Battle of Badr, between the Quraishi-led Polytheists, and the Muslims under the leadership of Muhammad,[1] in 624 CE.

Badr
بَـدْر
Names of 14 martyrs of Battle of Badr at the wells of Badr
Names of 14 martyrs of Battle of Badr at the wells of Badr
Badr is located in Saudi Arabia
Badr
Badr
Location in Saudi Arabia
Coordinates: Coordinates: 23°46′48″N 38°47′26″E / 23.78000°N 38.79056°E / 23.78000; 38.79056
Country Saudi Arabia
ProvinceMedina Province
Population
 (2010)
 • Total63,468
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)

ClimateEdit

Badr has hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh). with Extremely hot long summers and mild winters. In Winter, nights averaging 10-15 °C (50-59 °F). In Mid-Summers, Temperatures above 45 °C (113 °F) are not unusual. Annual rainfall is low, with rain most commonly occurring in November through February.

Climate data for Badr Hunain
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26.3
(79.3)
27.6
(81.7)
31.4
(88.5)
34.1
(93.4)
38.4
(101.1)
41.4
(106.5)
42.0
(107.6)
42.1
(107.8)
40.3
(104.5)
36.0
(96.8)
30.3
(86.5)
26.9
(80.4)
34.4
(93.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 19.6
(67.3)
20.8
(69.4)
23.8
(74.8)
27.5
(81.5)
32.0
(89.6)
34.8
(94.6)
35.2
(95.4)
35.6
(96.1)
32.7
(90.9)
28.4
(83.1)
24.5
(76.1)
20.5
(68.9)
27.9
(82.2)
Average low °C (°F) 14.0
(57.2)
14.8
(58.6)
16.8
(62.2)
21.4
(70.5)
25.6
(78.1)
28.6
(83.5)
28.8
(83.8)
29.2
(84.6)
25.8
(78.4)
21.8
(71.2)
18.6
(65.5)
15.1
(59.2)
21.5
(70.7)
Average rainy days 1.0 0.6 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 1.2 2.0 5.2
Source: World Weather Center[2]

Battle of BadrEdit

 
Badr, Saudi Arabia

According to Islamic sources, Quraishi leader Abu Jahl said:

"By Allah, we will not go back until we have been to Badr,[3] for we will spend three days there, slaughter camels and feast and drink wine, and the girls shall play for us. The Arabs will hear that we have come and gathered together, and will respect us in future! So come on!"

Akhnas ibn Shariq al-Thaqifi and the Banu Zuhrah were with the Meccan as part of the escort that preceded the battle, but since he believed the caravan to be safe, he did not join Quraish on their way to a festival in Badr. He returned with Banu Zuhrah returned so the two clans present in the battle.[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Quran 3:110–128
  2. ^ "Climate Data for Saudi Arabia". World Weather Climate Center. Archived from the original on 28 October 2019. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  3. ^ "Badr was the site of one of the Arab fairs where they used to hold a market every year". Archived from the original on 2014-06-30. Retrieved 2006-07-07.
  4. ^ "Shaw University Mosque -Islam, Mosques & NC Muslims eCommunity". Archived from the original on 2014-06-30. Retrieved 2006-07-07.