BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs. The department is the world's largest broadcast news organisation and generates about 120 hours of radio and television output each day, as well as online news coverage. The service maintains 50 foreign news bureaus with more than 250 correspondents around the world. Fran Unsworth has been director of news and current affairs since January 2018.
|Founded||November 14, 1922|
|Headquarters||BBC Television Centre (1969–2013)|
Broadcasting House (2012–),
|Specific services for United Kingdom and rest of world|
|Fran Unsworth (Director of News & Current Affairs)|
Mary Hockaday (Head of Newsroom)
Huw Edwards (Chief Presenter)
|Services||Radio, internet, and television broadcasts|
Number of employees
|3,500 (2,000 journalists)|
The department's annual budget is in excess of £350 million; it has 3,500 staff, 2,000 of whom are journalists. BBC News' domestic, global and online news divisions are housed within the largest live newsroom in Europe, in Broadcasting House in central London. Parliamentary coverage is produced and broadcast from studios in London. Through BBC English Regions, the BBC also has regional centres across England and national news centres in Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. All nations and English regions produce their own local news programmes and other current affairs and sport programmes. Following the withdrawal of CGTN’s UK broadcaster licence on 4 February 2021 by Ofcom, China banned BBC News from airing in China.
The BBC is a quasi-autonomous corporation authorised by royal charter, making it operationally independent of the government, who have no power to appoint or dismiss its director general, and require it to report impartially. However, as with all major media outlets, it has been accused of political bias from across the political spectrum, both within the United Kingdom and abroad.
The British Broadcasting Company broadcast its first radio bulletin from radio station 2LO on 14 November 1922. Wishing to avoid competition, newspaper publishers persuaded the government to ban the BBC from broadcasting news before 7:00 pm, and to force it to use wire service copy instead of reporting on its own. The BBC gradually gained the right to edit the copy and, in 1934, created its own news operation. However, it could not broadcast news before 6 PM until World War II. In addition to news, Gaumont British and Movietone cinema newsreels had been broadcast on the TV service since 1936, with the BBC producing its own equivalent Television Newsreel programme from January 1948. A weekly Children's Newsreel was inaugurated on 23 April 1950, to around 350,000 receivers. The network began simulcasting its radio news on television in 1946, with a still picture of Big Ben. Televised bulletins began on 5 July 1954, broadcast from leased studios within Alexandra Palace in London.
The public's interest in television and live events was stimulated by Elizabeth II's coronation in 1953. It is estimated that up to 27 million people viewed the programme in the UK, overtaking radio's audience of 12 million for the first time. Those live pictures were fed from 21 cameras in central London to Alexandra Palace for transmission, and then on to other UK transmitters opened in time for the event. That year, there were around two million TV Licences held in the UK, rising to over three million the following year, and four and a half million by 1955.
Television news, although physically separate from its radio counterpart, was still firmly under radio news' control in the 1950s. Correspondents provided reports for both outlets, and the first televised bulletin, shown on 5 July 1954 on the then BBC television service and presented by Richard Baker, involved his providing narration off-screen while stills were shown. This was then followed by the customary Television Newsreel with a recorded commentary by John Snagge (and on other occasions by Andrew Timothy).
Mainstream television production had started to move out of Alexandra Palace in 1950 to larger premises – mainly at Lime Grove Studios in Shepherd's Bush, west London – taking Current Affairs (then known as Talks Department) with it. It was from here that the first Panorama, a new documentary programme, was transmitted on 11 November 1953, with Richard Dimbleby becoming anchor in 1955.
In 1958, Hugh Carleton Greene became head of News and Current Affairs.
On 1 January 1960, Greene became Director-General. Greene made changes that were aimed at making BBC reporting more similar to it competitor ITN, which had been highly rated by study groups held by Greene.
A newsroom was created at Alexandra Palace, television reporters were recruited and given the opportunity to write and voice their own scripts–without having to cover stories for radio too.
In 1987, John Birt resurrected the practice of correspondents working for both TV and radio with the introduction of bi-media journalism, and 2008 saw tri-media introduced across TV, radio, and online.
On 20 June 1960, Nan Winton, the first female BBC network newsreader, appeared in vision. 19 September 1960 saw the start of the radio news and current affairs programme The Ten O'clock News.
The World at One, a lunchtime news programme, began on 4 October 1965 on the then Home Service, and the year before News Review had started on television. News Review was a summary of the week's news, first broadcast on Sunday, 26 April 1964 on BBC 2 and harking back to the weekly Newsreel Review of the Week, produced from 1951, to open programming on Sunday evenings–the difference being that this incarnation had subtitles for the deaf and hard-of-hearing. As this was the decade before electronic caption generation, each superimposition ("super") had to be produced on paper or card, synchronised manually to studio and news footage, committed to tape during the afternoon, and broadcast early evening. Thus Sundays were no longer a quiet day for news at Alexandra Palace. The programme ran until the 1980s – by then using electronic captions, known as Anchor – to be superseded by Ceefax subtitling (a similar Teletext format), and the signing of such programmes as See Hear (from 1981).
Preparations for colour began in the autumn of 1967 and on Thursday 7 March 1968 Newsroom on BBC2 moved to an early evening slot, becoming the first UK news programme to be transmitted in colour – from Studio A at Alexandra Palace. News Review and Westminster (the latter a weekly review of Parliamentary happenings) were "colourised" shortly after.
However, much of the insert material was still in black and white, as initially only a part of the film coverage shot in and around London was on colour reversal film stock, and all regional and many international contributions were still in black and white. Colour facilities at Alexandra Palace were technically very limited for the next eighteen months, as it had only one RCA colour Quadruplex videotape machine and, eventually two Pye plumbicon colour telecines–although the news colour service started with just one.
Black and white national bulletins on BBC 1 continued to originate from Studio B on weekdays, along with Town and Around, the London regional "opt out" programme broadcast throughout the 1960s (and the BBC's first regional news programme for the South East), until it started to be replaced by Nationwide on Tuesday to Thursday from Lime Grove Studios early in September 1969. Town and Around was never to make the move to Television Centre – instead it became London This Week which aired on Mondays and Fridays only, from the new TVC studios.
The BBC moved production out of Alexandra Palace in 1969. BBC Television News resumed operations the next day with a lunchtime bulletin on BBC1 – in black and white – from Television Centre, where it remained until March 2013.
This move to a smaller studio with better technical facilities allowed Newsroom and News Review to replace back projection with colour-separation overlay. During the 1960s, satellite communication had become possible; however, it was some years before digital line-store conversion was able to undertake the process seamlessly.
On 14 September 1970, the first Nine O'Clock News was broadcast on television. Robert Dougall presented the first week from studio N1 – described by The Guardian as "a sort of polystyrene padded cell"—the bulletin having been moved from the earlier time of 20.50 as a response to the ratings achieved by ITN's News at Ten, introduced three years earlier on the rival ITV. Richard Baker and Kenneth Kendall presented subsequent weeks, thus echoing those first television bulletins of the mid-1950s.
Angela Rippon became the first female news presenter of the Nine O'Clock News in 1975. Her work outside the news was controversial at the time, appearing on The Morecambe and Wise Christmas Show in 1976 singing and dancing.
Afternoon television news bulletins during the mid to late 1970s were broadcast from the BBC newsroom itself, rather than one of the three news studios. The newsreader would present to camera while sitting on the edge of a desk; behind him staff would be seen working busily at their desks. This period corresponded with when the Nine O'Clock News got its next makeover, and would use a CSO background of the newsroom from that very same camera each weekday evening.
Also in the mid-1970s, the late night news on BBC2 was briefly renamed Newsnight, but this was not to last, or be the same programme as we know today – that would be launched in 1980 – and it soon reverted to being just a news summary with the early evening BBC2 news expanded to become Newsday.
News on radio was to change in the 1970s, and on Radio 4 in particular, brought about by the arrival of new editor Peter Woon from television news and the implementation of the Broadcasting in the Seventies report. These included the introduction of correspondents into news bulletins where previously only a newsreader would present, as well as the inclusion of content gathered in the preparation process. New programmes were also added to the daily schedule, PM and The World Tonight as part of the plan for the station to become a "wholly speech network". Newsbeat launched as the news service on Radio 1 on 10 September 1973.
On 23 September 1974, a teletext system which was launched to bring news content on television screens using text only was launched. Engineers originally began developing such a system to bring news to deaf viewers, but the system was expanded. The Ceefax service became much more diverse before it ceased on 23 October 2012: it not only had subtitling for all channels, it also gave information such as weather, flight times and film reviews.
By the end of the decade, the practice of shooting on film for inserts in news broadcasts was declining, with the introduction of ENG technology into the UK. The equipment would gradually become less cumbersome – the BBC's first attempts had been using a Philips colour camera with backpack base station and separate portable Sony U-matic recorder in the latter half of the decade.
In 1980, the Iranian Embassy Siege had been shot electronically by the BBC Television News Outside broadcasting team, and the work of reporter Kate Adie, broadcasting live from Prince's Gate, was nominated for BAFTA actuality coverage, but this time beaten by ITN for the 1980 award.
Newsnight, the news and current affairs programme, was due to go on air on 23 January 1980, although trade union disagreements meant that its launch from Lime Grove was postponed by a week. On 27 August 1981 Moira Stuart became the first African Caribbean female newsreader to appear on British television.
By 1982, ENG technology had become sufficiently reliable for Bernard Hesketh to use an Ikegami camera to cover the Falklands War, coverage for which he won the "Royal Television Society Cameraman of the Year" award and a BAFTA nomination – the first time that BBC News had relied upon an electronic camera, rather than film, in a conflict zone. BBC News won the BAFTA for its actuality coverage, however the event has become remembered in television terms for Brian Hanrahan's reporting where he coined the phrase "I'm not allowed to say how many planes joined the raid, but I counted them all out and I counted them all back" to circumvent restrictions, and which has become cited as an example of good reporting under pressure.
The first BBC breakfast television programme, Breakfast Time also launched during the 1980s, on 17 January 1983 from Lime Grove Studio E and two weeks before its ITV rival TV-am. Frank Bough, Selina Scott, and Nick Ross helped to wake viewers with a relaxed style of presenting.
The Six O'Clock News first aired on 3 September 1984, eventually becoming the most watched news programme in the UK (however, since 2006 it has been overtaken by the BBC News at Ten). In October 1984, images of millions of people starving to death in the Ethiopian famine were shown in Michael Buerk's Six O'Clock News reports. The BBC News crew were the first to document the famine, with Buerk's report on 23 October describing it as "a biblical famine in the 20th century" and "the closest thing to hell on Earth". The BBC News report shocked Britain, motivating its citizens to inundate relief agencies, such as Save the Children, with donations, and to bring global attention to the crisis in Ethiopia. The news report was also watched by Bob Geldof, who would organise the charity single "Do They Know It's Christmas?" to raise money for famine relief followed by the Live Aid concert in July 1985.
Starting in 1981, the BBC gave a common theme to its main news bulletins with new electronic titles–a set of computer animated "stripes" forming a circle on a red background with a "BBC News" typescript appearing below the circle graphics, and a theme tune consisting of brass and keyboards. The Nine used a similar (striped) number 9. The red background was replaced by a blue from 1985 until 1987.
By 1987, the BBC had decided to re-brand its bulletins and established individual styles again for each one with differing titles and music, the weekend and holiday bulletins branded in a similar style to the Nine, although the "stripes" introduction continued to be used until 1989 on occasions where a news bulletin was screened out of the running order of the schedule.
During the 1990s, a wider range of services began to be offered by BBC News, with the split of BBC World Service Television to become BBC World (news and current affairs), and BBC Prime (light entertainment). Content for a 24-hour news channel was thus required, followed in 1997 with the launch of domestic equivalent BBC News 24. Rather than set bulletins, ongoing reports and coverage was needed to keep both channels functioning and meant a greater emphasis in budgeting for both was necessary. In 1998, after 66 years at Broadcasting House, the BBC Radio News operation moved to BBC Television Centre.
New technology, provided by Silicon Graphics, came into use in 1993 for a re-launch of the main BBC 1 bulletins, creating a virtual set which appeared to be much larger than it was physically. The relaunch also brought all bulletins into the same style of set with only small changes in colouring, titles, and music to differentiate each. A computer generated cut-glass sculpture of the BBC coat of arms was the centrepiece of the programme titles until the large scale corporate rebranding of news services in 1999.
In 1999, the biggest relaunch occurred, with BBC One bulletins, BBC World, BBC News 24, and BBC News Online all adopting a common style. One of the most significant changes was the gradual adoption of the corporate image by the BBC regional news programmes, giving a common style across local, national and international BBC television news. This also included Newyddion, the main news programme of Welsh language channel S4C, produced by BBC News Wales.
Following the relaunch of BBC News in 1999, regional headlines were included at the start of the BBC One news bulletins in 2000. The English regions did however lose five minutes at the end of their bulletins, due to a new headline round-up at 18:55. 2000 also saw the Nine O'Clock News moved to the later time of 22:00. This was in response to ITN who had just moved their popular News at Ten programme to 23:00. ITN briefly returned News at Ten but following poor ratings when head to head against the BBC's Ten O'Clock News, the ITN bulletin was moved to 22.30, where it remained until 14 January 2008.
The retirement in 2009 of Peter Sissons and departure of Michael Buerk from the Ten O'Clock News led to changes in the BBC One bulletin presenting team on 20 January 2003. The Six O'Clock News became double headed with George Alagiah and Sophie Raworth after Huw Edwards and Fiona Bruce moved to present the Ten. A new set design featuring a projected fictional newsroom backdrop was introduced, followed on 16 February 2004 by new programme titles to match those of BBC News 24.
BBC News 24 and BBC World introduced a new style of presentation in December 2003, that was slightly altered on 5 July 2004 to mark 50 years of BBC Television News. The individual positions of editor of the One and Six O'Clock News were replaced by a new daytime position in November 2005. Kevin Bakhurst became the first Controller of BBC News 24, replacing the position of editor. Amanda Farnsworth became daytime editor while Craig Oliver was later named editor of the Ten O'Clock News. The bulletins also began to be simulcast with News 24, as a way of pooling resources.
Bulletins received new titles and a new set design in May 2006, to allow for Breakfast to move into the main studio for the first time since 1997. The new set featured Barco videowall screens with a background of the London skyline used for main bulletins and originally an image of cirrus clouds against a blue sky for Breakfast. This was later replaced following viewer criticism. The studio bore similarities with the ITN-produced ITV News in 2004, though ITN uses a CSO Virtual studio rather than the actual screens at BBC News. Also, May saw the launch of World News Today the first domestic bulletin focused principally on international news.
BBC News became part of a new BBC Journalism group in November 2006 as part of a restructuring of the BBC. The then-Director of BBC News, Helen Boaden reported to the then-Deputy Director-General and head of the journalism group, Mark Byford until he was made redundant in 2010.
On 18 October 2007, Mark Thompson announced a six-year plan, Delivering Creative Future, merging the television current affairs department into a new "News Programmes" division. Thompson's announcement, in response to a £2 billion shortfall in funding, would, he said, deliver "a smaller but fitter BBC" in the digital age, by cutting its payroll and, in 2013, selling Television Centre.
The various separate newsrooms for television, radio and online operations were merged into a single multimedia newsroom. Programme making within the newsrooms was brought together to form a multimedia programme making department. BBC World Service director Peter Horrocks said that the changes would achieve efficiency at a time of cost-cutting at the BBC. In his blog, he wrote that by using the same resources across the various broadcast media meant fewer stories could be covered, or by following more stories, there would be fewer ways to broadcast them.
A new graphics and video playout system was introduced for production of television bulletins in January 2007. This coincided with a new structure to BBC World News bulletins, editors favouring a section devoted to analysing the news stories reported on.
The first new BBC News bulletin since the Six O'Clock News was announced in July 2007 following a successful trial in the Midlands. The summary, lasting 90 seconds, has been broadcast at 20:00 on weekdays since December 2007 and bears similarities with 60 Seconds on BBC Three, but also includes headlines from the various BBC regions and a weather summary.
As part of a long-term cost cutting programme, bulletins were renamed the BBC News at One, Six and Ten respectively in April 2008 while BBC News 24 was renamed BBC News and moved into the same studio as the bulletins at BBC Television Centre. BBC World was renamed BBC World News and regional news programmes were also updated with the new presentation style, designed by Lambie-Nairn.
The studio moves also meant that Studio N9, previously used for BBC World, was closed, and operations moved to the previous studio of BBC News 24. Studio N9 was later refitted to match the new branding, and was used for the BBC's UK local elections and European elections coverage in early June 2009.
A strategy review of the BBC in March 2010, confirmed that having "the best journalism in the world" would form one of five key editorial policies, as part of changes subject to public consultation and BBC Trust approval.
After a period of suspension in late 2012, Helen Boaden ceased to be the Director of BBC News. On 16 April 2013, incoming BBC Director-General Tony Hall named James Harding, a former editor of The Times of London newspaper as Director of News and Current Affairs.
From August 2012 to March 2013, all news operations moved from Television Centre to new facilities in the refurbished and extended Broadcasting House, in Portland Place. The move began in October 2012, and also included the BBC World Service, which moved from Bush House following the expiry of the BBC's lease. This new extension to the north and east, referred to as "New Broadcasting House", includes several new state-of-the-art radio and television studios centred around an 11-storey atrium. The move began with the domestic programme The Andrew Marr Show on 2 September 2012, and concluded with the move of the BBC News channel and domestic news bulletins on 18 March 2013. The newsroom houses all domestic bulletins and programmes on both television and radio, as well as the BBC World Service international radio networks and the BBC World News international television channel.
In January 2020 the BBC announced a BBC News savings target of £80 million per year by 2022, involving about 450 staff reductions from the current 6,000. BBC director of news and current affairs Fran Unsworth said there would be further moves toward digital broadcasting, in part to attract back a youth audience, and more pooling of reporters to stop separate teams covering the same news. A further 70 staff reductions were announced in July 2020.
BBC News is responsible for the news programmes and documentary content on the BBC's general television channels, as well as the news coverage on the BBC News Channel in the UK, and 22 hours of programming for the corporation's international BBC World News channel. Coverage for BBC Parliament is carried out on behalf of the BBC at Millbank Studios, though BBC News provides editorial and journalistic content. BBC News content is also output onto the BBC's digital interactive television services under the BBC Red Button brand, and until 2012, on the Ceefax teletext system.
The music on all BBC television news programmes was introduced in 1999 and composed by David Lowe. It was part of the re-branding which commenced in 1999 and features 'BBC Pips'. The general theme was used on bulletins on BBC One, News 24, BBC World and local news programmes in the BBC's Nations and Regions. Lowe was also responsible for the music on Radio One's Newsbeat. The theme has had several changes since 1999, the latest in March 2013.
The BBC Arabic Television news channel launched on 11 March 2008, a Persian-language channel followed on 14 January 2009, broadcasting from the Peel wing of Broadcasting House; both include news, analysis, interviews, sports and highly cultural programmes and are run by the BBC World Service and funded from a grant-in-aid from the British Foreign Office (and not the television licence).
BBC Radio News produces bulletins for the BBC's national radio stations and provides content for local BBC radio stations via the General News Service (GNS), a BBC-internal news distribution service. BBC News does not produce the BBC's regional news bulletins, which are produced individually by the BBC nations and regions themselves. The BBC World Service broadcasts to some 150 million people in English as well as 27 languages across the globe. BBC Radio News is a patron of the Radio Academy.
BBC News Online is the BBC's news website. Launched in November 1997, it is one of the most popular news websites in the UK, reaching over a quarter of the UK's internet users, and worldwide, with around 14 million global readers every month. The website contains international news coverage as well as entertainment, sport, science, and political news.
Many television and radio programmes are also available to view on the BBC iPlayer and BBC Sounds services. The BBC News channel is also available to view 24 hours a day, while video and radio clips are also available within online news articles.
Political and commercial independence
The BBC is required by its charter to be free from both political and commercial influence and answers only to its viewers and listeners. This political objectivity is sometimes questioned. For instance, The Daily Telegraph (3 August 2005) carried a letter from the KGB defector Oleg Gordievsky, referring to it as "The Red Service". Books have been written on the subject, including anti-BBC works like Truth Betrayed by W J West and The Truth Twisters by Richard Deacon.
The BBC's Editorial Guidelines on Politics and Public Policy state that whilst "the voices and opinions of opposition parties must be routinely aired and challenged", "the government of the day will often be the primary source of news".
The BBC is regularly accused by the government of the day of bias in favour of the opposition and, by the opposition, of bias in favour of the government. Similarly, during times of war, the BBC is often accused by the UK government, or by strong supporters of British military campaigns, of being overly sympathetic to the view of the enemy. An edition of Newsnight at the start of the Falklands War in 1982 was described as "almost treasonable" by John Page, MP, who objected to Peter Snow saying "if we believe the British".
During the first Gulf War, critics of the BBC took to using the satirical name "Baghdad Broadcasting Corporation". During the Kosovo War, the BBC were labelled the "Belgrade Broadcasting Corporation" (suggesting favouritism towards the FR Yugoslavia government over ethnic Albanian rebels) by British ministers, although Slobodan Milosević (then FRY president) claimed that the BBC's coverage had been biased against his nation.
Conversely, some of those who style themselves anti-establishment in the United Kingdom or who oppose foreign wars have accused the BBC of pro-establishment bias or of refusing to give an outlet to "anti-war" voices. Following the 2003 invasion of Iraq, a study by the Cardiff University School of Journalism of the reporting of the war found that nine out of 10 references to weapons of mass destruction during the war assumed that Iraq possessed them, and only one in 10 questioned this assumption. It also found that, out of the main British broadcasters covering the war, the BBC was the most likely to use the British government and military as its source. It was also the least likely to use independent sources, like the Red Cross, who were more critical of the war. When it came to reporting Iraqi casualties, the study found fewer reports on the BBC than on the other three main channels. The report's author, Justin Lewis, wrote "Far from revealing an anti-war BBC, our findings tend to give credence to those who criticised the BBC for being too sympathetic to the government in its war coverage. Either way, it is clear that the accusation of BBC anti-war bias fails to stand up to any serious or sustained analysis."
Prominent BBC appointments are constantly assessed by the British media and political establishment for signs of political bias. The appointment of Greg Dyke as Director-General was highlighted by press sources because Dyke was a Labour Party member and former activist, as well as a friend of Tony Blair. The BBC's former Political Editor, Nick Robinson, was some years ago a chairman of the Young Conservatives and did, as a result, attract informal criticism from the former Labour government, but his predecessor Andrew Marr faced similar claims from the right because he was editor of The Independent, a liberal-leaning newspaper, before his appointment in 2000.
Mark Thompson, former Director-General of the BBC, admitted the organisation has been biased "towards the left" in the past. He said, "In the BBC I joined 30 years ago, there was, in much of current affairs, in terms of people's personal politics, which were quite vocal, a massive bias to the left". He then added, "The organization did struggle then with impartiality. Now it is a completely different generation. There is much less overt tribalism among the young journalists who work for the BBC."
Historian Mark Curtis finds that BBC news resembles a "straightforward state propaganda organ" that provides "critical support for the [British and Western] elite's promotion of foreign policy", such as the 2003 war of aggression against Iraq. He says this militant nationalism is "not even subtle", and, citing Glasgow university, says BBC News is a chief example of "manufactured production of ideology."
Since the aftermath of the EU referendum, some critics have charged that the BBC is biased in favour of leaving the EU. For instance, in 2018, the BBC has received many complaints by Remainers who took issue at the BBC not sufficiently covering anti-Brexit marches whilst giving smaller-scale events hosted by former UKIP leader Nigel Farage more airtime. Such bias has also been expressed by the likes of Labour Peer Andrew Adonis who thought that the BBC 'doesn't even realise it'. On the other hand, a poll released by YouGov shows that 45% of leave voters think the BBC is 'actively anti-Brexit' compared to 13% of the same kinds of voters who think the BBC is pro-Brexit.
In 2008, the BBC Hindi was criticised by some Indian outlets for referring to the terrorists who carried out the November 2008 Mumbai attacks as "gunmen". The response to this added to prior criticism from some Indian commentators suggesting that the BBC may have an Indophobic bias. In March 2015, the BBC Hindi was criticised for airing a documentary interviewing one of the rapists in India. In spite of a ban ordered by the Indian High court, the BBC still aired the documentary.
BBC News was at the centre of a political controversy following the 2003 invasion of Iraq. Three BBC News reports (Andrew Gilligan's on Today, Gavin Hewitt's on The Ten O'Clock News and another on Newsnight) quoted an anonymous source that stated the British government (particularly the Prime Minister's office) had embellished the September Dossier with misleading exaggerations of Iraq's weapons of mass destruction capabilities. The government denounced the reports and accused the corporation of poor journalism.
In subsequent weeks the corporation stood by the report, saying that it had a reliable source. Following intense media speculation, David Kelly was named in the press as the source for Gilligan's story on 9 July 2003. Kelly was found dead, by suicide, in a field close to his home early on 18 July. An inquiry led by Lord Hutton was announced by the British government the following day to investigate the circumstances leading to Kelly's death, concluding that "Dr. Kelly took his own life."
In his report on 28 January 2004, Lord Hutton concluded that Gilligan's original accusation was "unfounded" and the BBC's editorial and management processes were "defective". In particular, it specifically criticised the chain of management that caused the BBC to defend its story. The BBC Director of News, Richard Sambrook, the report said, had accepted Gilligan's word that his story was accurate in spite of his notes being incomplete. Davies had then told the BBC Board of Governors that he was happy with the story and told the Prime Minister that a satisfactory internal inquiry had taken place. The Board of Governors, under the chairman's, Gavyn Davies, guidance, accepted that further investigation of the Government's complaints were unnecessary.
Because of the criticism in the Hutton report, Davies resigned on the day of publication. BBC News faced an important test, reporting on itself with the publication of the report, but by common consent (of the Board of Governors) managed this "independently, impartially and honestly". Davies' resignation was followed by the resignation of Director General, Greg Dyke, the following day, and the resignation of Gilligan on 30 January. While undoubtedly a traumatic experience for the corporation, an ICM poll in April 2003 indicated that it had sustained its position as the best and most trusted provider of news.
Douglas Davis, the London correspondent of The Jerusalem Post, has described the BBC's coverage of the Arab–Israeli conflict as "a relentless, one-dimensional portrayal of Israel as a demonic, criminal state and Israelis as brutal oppressors [which] bears all the hallmarks of a concerted campaign of vilification that, wittingly or not, has the effect of delegitimising the Jewish state and pumping oxygen into a dark old European hatred that dared not speak its name for the past half-century.". However two large independent studies, one conducted by Loughborough University and the other by Glasgow University's Media Group concluded that Israeli perspectives are given greater coverage.
Critics of the BBC argue that the Balen Report proves systematic bias against Israel in headline news programming. The Daily Mail and The Daily Telegraph criticised the BBC for spending hundreds of thousands of British tax payers' pounds from preventing the report being released to the public.
An independent panel appointed by the BBC Trust was set up in 2006 to review the impartiality of the BBC's coverage of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. The panel's assessment was that "apart from individual lapses, there was little to suggest deliberate or systematic bias." While noting a "commitment to be fair accurate and impartial" and praising much of the BBC's coverage the independent panel concluded "that BBC output does not consistently give a full and fair account of the conflict. In some ways the picture is incomplete and, in that sense, misleading." It notes that, "the failure to convey adequately the disparity in the Israeli and Palestinian experience, [reflects] the fact that one side is in control and the other lives under occupation".
Writing in the Financial Times, Philip Stephens, one of the panellists, later accused the BBC's director-general, Mark Thompson, of misrepresenting the panel's conclusions. He further opined "My sense is that BBC news reporting has also lost a once iron-clad commitment to objectivity and a necessary respect for the democratic process. If I am right, the BBC, too, is lost". Mark Thompson published a rebuttal in the FT the next day.
The description by one BBC correspondent reporting on the funeral of Yassir Arafat that she had been left with tears in her eyes led to other questions of impartiality, particularly from Martin Walker in a guest opinion piece in The Times, who picked out the apparent case of Fayad Abu Shamala, the BBC Arabic Service correspondent, who told a Hamas rally on 6 May 2001, that journalists in Gaza were "waging the campaign shoulder to shoulder together with the Palestinian people."
Walker argues that the independent inquiry was flawed for two reasons. Firstly, because the time period over which it was conducted (August 2005 to January 2006) surrounded the Israeli withdrawal from Gaza and Ariel Sharon's stroke, which produced more positive coverage than usual. Furthermore, he wrote, the inquiry only looked at the BBC's domestic coverage, and excluded output on the BBC World Service and BBC World.
Tom Gross accused the BBC of glorifying Hamas suicide bombers, and condemned its policy of inviting guests such as Jenny Tonge and Tom Paulin who have compared Israeli soldiers to Nazis. Writing for the BBC, Paulin said Israeli soldiers should be "shot dead" like Hitler's S.S, and said he could "understand how suicide bombers feel." According to Gross, Paulin and Tonge continue to be invited as regular guests, and they are among the most frequent contributors to their most widely screened arts programme.
The BBC also faced criticism for not airing a Disasters Emergency Committee aid appeal for Palestinians who suffered in Gaza during 22-day war there in late 2008/early 2009. Most other major UK broadcasters did air this appeal, but rival Sky News did not.
BBC and ABC share video segments and reporters as needed in producing their newscasts. with the BBC showing ABC World News Tonight with David Muir in the UK. However, in July 2017, BBC announced a new partnership with CBS News allows both organisations to share video, editorial content, and additional newsgathering resources in New York, London, Washington and around the world.
BBC News subscribes to wire services from leading international agencies including PA Media (formerly Press Association), Reuters, and Agence France-Presse. In April 2017, the BBC dropped Associated Press in favour of an enhanced service from AFP.
The view of foreign governments
BBC News reporters and broadcasts are now and have in the past been banned in several countries primarily for reporting which has been unfavourable to the ruling government. For example, correspondents were banned by the former apartheid régime of South Africa. The BBC was banned in Zimbabwe under Mugabe for eight years as a terrorist organisation until being allowed to operate again over a year after the 2008 elections.
The BBC was banned in Burma (officially Myanmar ) after their coverage and commentary on anti-government protests there in September 2007. The ban was lifted four years later in September 2011. Other cases have included Uzbekistan, China, and Pakistan. The BBC online news site's Persian version was blocked from the Iranian internet in 2006. The BBC News website was made available in China again in March 2008, but as of October 2014, was blocked again.
In June 2015, the Rwandan government placed an indefinite ban on BBC broadcasts following the airing of a controversial documentary regarding the 1994 Rwandan genocide, Rwanda's Untold Story, broadcast on BBC2 on 1 October 2014. The UK's Foreign Office recognised "the hurt caused in Rwanda by some parts of the documentary".
- "News Group Senior Management". BBC. December 2014. Archived from the original on 30 December 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
- Boaden, Helen (18 November 2004). "NewsWatch – About BBC News – This is BBC News". Retrieved 3 April 2007.
- "Content". Archived from the original on 27 February 2007. Retrieved 3 April 2007.
- Herbert J, John (11 February 2013). Practising Global Journalism: Exploring Reporting Issues Worldwide. 11 February 2011. CRC Press, Chapter 1, Page 24. ISBN 9781136029868. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
- Former Times editor James Harding to be news boss at BBC, Gordon MacMillan, MediaWeek, London, 16 April 2013. Retrieved: 16 April 2013.
- "BBC appoints next head of news". BBC News. 15 December 2017.
- "Ofcom revokes Chinese broadcaster CGTN's UK licence". BBC News. 4 February 2021. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
- China bans BBC News after UK pulls CGTN's license
- Crisell, Andrew (1997). An Introductory History of British Broadcasting. Routledge. pp. 15, 26–27, 92. ISBN 0-415-12802-1.
- Burke, Professor of Cultural History and Fellow of Emmanuel College Peter; Briggs, Asa; Burke, Peter (29 July 2005). A Social History of the Media: From Gutenberg to the Internet. Polity. ISBN 978-0-7456-3511-8.
- "1950s British TV Milestones". Archived from the original on 27 April 2007. Retrieved 3 April 2007.
- Moore, Martin (October 2004). "The Development of Communication Between the Government, the Media and the People in Britain, 1945-51" (PDF). The London School of Economics and Political Science. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
- "Alexandra Palace – A History of the Palace". Archived from the original on 4 April 2007. Retrieved 3 April 2007.
- "British TV Landmark Dates". Archived from the original on 6 May 2007. Retrieved 3 April 2007.
- "Chronomedia: 1953". Retrieved 3 April 2007.
- "1950". Retrieved 3 April 2007.
- Owens, Edward (2019), "'This time I was THERE taking part':: the television broadcast of the 1953 coronation", The Family Firm: monarchy, mass media and the British public, 1932-53, University of London Press, pp. 331–372, ISBN 978-1-909646-94-0, JSTOR j.ctvkjb3sr.12
- "The BBC performs painful internal surgery". The Economist. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
- "Obituary: Kenneth Kendall, newsreader and presenter". www.scotsman.com. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
- "Chronomedia: 1950". Archived from the original on 16 October 2007. Retrieved 8 October 2007.
- "In pictures: Past Faces of Panorama". BBC News. Retrieved 9 April 2010.
- Chignell, Hugh (2 September 2011). Public Issue Radio: Talks, News and Current Affairs in the Twentieth Century. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-24739-0.
- Tight, Malcolm (2012). Education for Adults. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-68517-7.
- Chignell, Hugh (2011). "The Reinvention of Radio — The 1960s". In Chignell, Hugh (ed.). Public Issue Radio. Public Issue Radio: Talks, News and Current Affairs in the Twentieth Century. Palgrave Macmillan UK. pp. 80–100. doi:10.1057/9780230346451_5. ISBN 978-0-230-34645-1.
- Forgan, Liz (17 October 2000). "Comment: Liz Forgan on BBC radio at White City". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
- "Uncorrected Evidence m274". publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
- "Nan Winton, the first woman to read the national news on BBC television". The Independent. 30 May 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
- Chignell, Hugh (2 September 2011). Public Issue Radio: Talks, News and Current Affairs in the Twentieth Century. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-24739-0.
- "House of Lords - Communications - Minutes of Evidence". publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
- "Chronomedia: 1964". Archived from the original on 3 March 2007. Retrieved 3 April 2007.
- "TV Ark: BBC News". Archived from the original on 16 May 2007. Retrieved 16 August 2007.
- History of the BBC – key dates page 5 BBC Heritage 1960s.
- London This Week had started in early 1969 as a once per week "opt out" replacing the Friday edition of Town and Around "TV & Radio Bits: BBC South East: History". Retrieved 21 June 2007.
- "British TV History – Early Satellite Relays to/from Britain". Archived from the original on 10 May 2011. 1960s & 70s, British TV History
- "About the Ten O'Clock News". BBC News. 17 January 2003. Retrieved 15 August 2007.
- "About BBC NEWS – Timeline of events – 1970s". BBC News. Retrieved 25 August 2007.
- "Northern Echo: Archive". Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 17 August 2007. – Robert Dougall was even less flattering about the first set, and is quoted as saying that the tiling was "grey and lavatorial" 1970 Voices from the field together with "a huge round thing" in the background – referring to the new rotating clockface logo and CSO screen. Newswatch, BBC.
- "The TV Room+". Archived from the original on 4 February 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2009.
- History of the BBC – key dates page 4 BBC Heritage 1970s.
- BAFTA awards 1981 British Academy of Film and Television Arts.
- "About BBC NEWS – Timeline of events – 1980s". BBC News. Retrieved 25 August 2007.
- "RTS Hall of Fame – page 46" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2006. Retrieved 11 April 2007.
- BAFTA 1981 awards British Academy of Film and Television Arts.
- BAFTA 1982 – page 10 British Academy of Film and Television Arts (PDF).
- Barnes, Julian (25 February 2002), "The worst reported war since the Crimean", The Guardian.
- Media & War – The Falklands Conflict Imperial War Museum.
- "BBC on this day – 17 January. 1983: BBC wakes up to morning TV". BBC News. 17 January 1983. Retrieved 3 April 2007.
- "Live Aid: The show that rocked the world". BBC. Retrieved 7 January 2018
- "Higgins marvels at change in Ethiopia's Tigray province". The Irish Times. 7 January 2018.
- "Live Aid: Against All Odds: Episode 1". BBC. 7 January 2018.
- The circle had been a recurring theme of the BBC1 news logo since the start of the Nine in 1970, as it was thought to fit in nicely with the long-running BBC 1 globe ident, and clock face which normally precedes news broadcasts. Used until 1986, the hard wired news version was known as ANT (Animated News Titles) BBCEng.info and this new logo was drawn live – triggered by an audio tone on track two of the two-track mono quarter-inch audio tape of opening title music to ensure sychronisation – and also produced the "venetian blind" wipe to the opening story.
- "TV Ark: BBC News Report: Zeebrugge ferry disaster from 6 March 1987". Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2007.
- "BBC NEWS – New era for BBC radio news". BBC News. 26 June 1998. Retrieved 18 August 2007.
- "BBC One London - 1 January 2000 - BBC Genome". genome.ch.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 8 March 2021.
- Kevin, Deirdre. "Snapshot: regional and local television in the United Kingdom" (PDF). www.vau.net.
- McQueen, David. "A very conscientious brand: A case study of the BBC's current affairs series, Panorama" (PDF). www.core.ac.uk.
- "BBC news move 'halts decline'". 15 October 2001. Retrieved 8 March 2021.
- "Remembering Peter Sissons, the TV news presenter with unflappable onscreen authority". The Independent. 17 October 2019. Retrieved 8 March 2021.
- "Buerk quits BBC Ten o'Clock News". the Guardian. 7 June 2002. Retrieved 8 March 2021.
- Heard, Chris (5 July 2004). "Fifty years of TV news". BBC News. Retrieved 3 April 2007.
- "Breakfast's new look". BBC News. 5 June 2006. Retrieved 3 April 2007.
- BBC's Mark Byford made redundant, Neil Midgley, Daily Telegraph,11 October 2010. Retrieved: 2 April 2013.
- "Radical reform to deliver a more focused BBC". BBC Press Office. 18 October 2007. Archived from the original on 20 October 2007. Retrieved 25 October 2007.
- Hewlett, Steve (22 October 2007). "BBC cuts: look on the bright side". Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 24 October 2007. Retrieved 25 October 2007.
- "BBC cuts back programmes and jobs". BBC News Online. 18 October 2007. Archived from the original on 20 October 2007. Retrieved 25 October 2007.
- "Multimedia News". BBC News Online. 12 November 2007. Archived from the original on 15 November 2007. Retrieved 19 December 2007.
- "BBC One gets extra news bulletin". BBC News. 11 July 2007. Archived from the original on 14 July 2007. Retrieved 11 July 2007.
- Gadher, Dipesh (13 April 2008). "BBC rings changes with news revamp". The Times. London. Retrieved 30 April 2009.
- "BBC News Channel – 2008". TV Ark. 21 April 2008. Archived from the original on 10 May 2011. Retrieved 30 April 2009.
- Peter Horrocks (21 April 2008). "BBC NEWS – The Editors Blog – New News". BBC. Retrieved 30 April 2009.
- "BBC 6 Music and Asian Network face axe in shake-up". BBC News Online. 2 March 2010. Archived from the original on 3 March 2010. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
- Helen Boaden becomes director of BBC Radio, BBC News, 14 February 2013. Retrieved: 16 April 2013.
- Sabbagh, Dan (7 September 2012). "The news from the BBC: its £1bn new base is finally coming on air". Guardian. London. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- Coomes, Phil (6 July 2012). "Goodbye Television Centre". BBC News. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "BBC News begins move into Broadcasting House". Newscast Studio. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "BBC TV Centre broadcasts last network news bulletins". BBC News. 18 March 2013. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
- "BBC News to close 450 posts as part of £80m savings drive". BBC News. 29 January 2020. Retrieved 14 December 2020.
- "Budget cuts will not solve the BBC's problems". The Daily Telegraph. 29 January 2020. Retrieved 14 December 2020.
- Waterson, Jim (15 July 2020). "BBC announces further 70 job cuts in news division". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 December 2020.
- Perraudin, Frances (16 September 2019). "BBC to switch off Red Button information service in 2020". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
- "Column: David Lowe – the man who changed news music forever". NewscastStudio. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
- "What is the music used in TV news programmes? | Classical-Music.com". www.classical-music.com. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
- "BBC Arabic-language television channel to be launched 11 March". Arab Media & Society. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
- Committee, Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Foreign Affairs (2009). Foreign and Commonwealth Office annual report 2007-08: report, together with formal minutes, oral and written evidence. The Stationery Office. ISBN 978-0-215-52627-4.
- آگهی استخدام در تلویزیون فارسی بی بی سی. BBC News (in Persian). 26 April 2007. Retrieved 4 January 2009.
- Smith, Mort (23 October 2012). "Ceefax: The early days". BBC.
- "About the World Service". Help. BBC. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
- The Radio Academy "Patrons" Archived 7 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
- "BBC News Interactive's new editor". BBC News. 2 December 2005. Retrieved 11 April 2007.
- "Help – About our site". BBC News. 28 November 2003. Archived from the original on 28 March 2007. Retrieved 11 April 2007.
- "BBC News iPhone and iPad app launches in the UK". BBC News. 23 July 2010. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- "Help – Your guide to the BBC News Player". BBC News. 25 August 2006. Archived from the original on 15 March 2007. Retrieved 11 April 2007.
- "BBC News launches 'dark web' Tor mirror". BBC News. 23 October 2019. Archived from the original on 23 October 2019. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
- Zialcita, Paolo (24 October 2019). "BBC Launches Tor Mirror Site To Thwart Media Censorship". NPR. Archived from the original on 25 October 2019. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
- Porter, John (24 October 2019). "BBC News heads to the dark web with new Tor mirror". The Verge. Archived from the original on 24 October 2019. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
- "Editorial Guidelines Extracts", BBC.
- Denis Taylor, "BBC broadcasts jammed", The Times, 4 May 1982, p. 2.
- "BBC versus British government". News 24. 21 July 2003. Archived from the original on 9 March 2008.
- "Milosevic attacks BBC 'bias'". BBC News. 22 August 2002. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
- McNair, Brian (18 February 2009). News and Journalism in the UK. Routledge. p. 79. ISBN 978-1134128846. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- Yesawich, Avi. "Report: BBC dir.-gen. admits previous organizational bias". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
- Curtis, Mark (2003). Web of Deceit: Britain's Real Role in the World. Vintage.
- Galsworthy, Mike. "HOMECOMMENT & ANALYSISCOMMENTWHAT'S ACTUALLY GOING ON WITH THE BBC AND BREXIT BIAS? What's actually going on with the BBC and Brexit bias?". politics.co.uk. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
- Adonis, Andrew [@Andrew_Adonis] (15 February 2018). "Astonishingly, the BBC is digging in. Kamal Ahmed told me 'EU corpse' was fine as a headline because it echoed a Douglas Carswell anti-EU rant of 2012! The Brexit bias is now so deep the BBC doesn't even realise it" (Tweet). Retrieved 29 March 2019 – via Twitter.
- Smith, Matthew. "Is BBC News pro-Brexit or anti-Brexit?". YouGov. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
- Mealy-mouthed BBC
- "The BBC cannot see the difference between a criminal and a terrorist". Rediff.com. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "BBC coverage biased, say British Hindus". Indianexpress.com. 2 March 2004. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
- "Quick Links". CNN.
- Vikram Dodd (16 July 2013). "Dr David Kelly: 10 years on, death of scientist remains unresolved for some". The Guardian.
- "BBC Iraq war coverage criticised". BBC News. 13 July 2004. Retrieved 11 April 2007.
- "BBC report 2004: At a glance". BBC News. 13 July 2004. Retrieved 11 April 2007.
- Davis, Douglas. "Hatred in the air: the BBC, Israel and Antisemitism" in Iganski, Paul & Kosmin, Barry. (eds) A New Anti-Semitism? Debating Judeophobia in 21st century Britain. Profile Books, 2003, p. 130.
- Downey, John; Deacon, David; Golding, Peter; Oldfield, B; Wring, Dominic (2006). "The BBC's reporting of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict". hdl:2134/3158. Cite journal requires
- Read, James (22 June 2004). "Palestine issue confuses Britons". BBC News.
- BBC fights to suppress internal report into allegations of bias against Israel Archived 13 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine by Andy McSmith (The Independent) 28 March 2007.
- TTelegraph, BBC mounts court fight to keep 'critical' report secret, 15 October 2006.
- The Independent, 16 April 2009, Bowen 'breached rules on impartiality'.
- "Impartiality Review: Israeli-Palestinian Conflict" (PDF). BBC Governors. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 June 2007. Retrieved 14 May 2007.
- Philip Stephens: BBC is losing public service plot, Financial Times, 20 June 2006.
- The BBC's success story has a public service plot, Mark Thompson, Financial Times, 21 June 2006.
- Walker, Martin (11 May 2006). "The BBC pro-Israeli? Is the Pope Jewish?-Comment-Columnists-Guest contributors". The Times. London. Retrieved 11 April 2007.
- Tom Gross on BBC Archived 28 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine National Review Online.
- Burchill, Julie (18 June 2010). "How the British media get their kicks". Jpost.com. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "CBS News and BBC News join forces around the globe". CBS News. CBS Interactive. 13 July 2017.
- "The BBC drops AP for AFPTV – read the AP Statement". 30 March 2017.
- "Broadcasting of BBC in Zimbabwe stopped". afrol – African News Agency. Retrieved 11 April 2007.
- "Resuming operations in Zimbabwe". Retrieved 29 July 2009.
- Whitlock, Monica (5 November 2005). "BBC NEWS – Programmes – From Our Own Correspondent – Uzbeks banish BBC after massacre reports". BBC News. Archived from the original on 14 March 2007. Retrieved 11 April 2007.
- "AsiaMedia : China : Censor blocks sensitive issues in BBC series". Archived from the original on 10 March 2007. Retrieved 11 April 2007.
- BBC Urdo taken off Pakistan radio – BBC News: 15 November 2005.
- Smith, James F.; Barnard, Anne (18 December 2006). "Iran bloggers test regime's tolerance". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 11 April 2007.
- BBC News Website Gets Access in China Archived 8 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine Dinesh Singh-Rawat, ABC Live, 25 March 2008.
- BBC statement regarding China blocking BBC News website BBC News 25 October 2014
- Baird, Dugald (1 June 2015). "Rwanda places indefinite ban on BBC broadcasts over genocide documentary". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
- Siddiqui, Sabrina (25 February 2017). "Trump press ban: BBC, CNN and Guardian denied access to briefing". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to BBC News.|