Arlington Heights Air Force Station
|Arlington Heights Air Force Station|
|Part of Aerospace Defense Command|
|Type||General surveillance radar station|
|Built||Gap Filler radar sites (AN/FPS-18)|
|Garrison||755th Radar Squadron|
Arlington Field opened in 1942 as an auxiliary airfield for the nearby NRAB Chicago. It had a World War II prisoner-of-war camp, opened on May 4, 1945, with 75 German Prisoner of Wars. Project Nike Integrated Fire Control Site C-80 of the 45th Antiaircraft Brigade opened at Arlington Field in 1955, and in January 1960, the 755th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron transferred to the field from Williams Bay Air Force Station at Elkhorn, Wisconsin, while the co-located Arlington Heights Army Installation was being built for a Project Nike Army Air Defense Command Post.
Air Force StationEdit
Arlington Heights Air Force Station was activated on 1 April 1960, when Williams Bay AFS was redesignated from P-31 to gap-filler RP-31F. In 1962, the station began providing Semi-Automatic Ground Environment radar tracks to Data Center DC-02 at Truax Field, Wisconsin, for the Chicago Air Defense Sector's ground-controlled interception. One of the two Arlington Heights Air Force Station's General Electric AN/FPS-6 Radars height finders was upgraded[when?] to the -6B variant and then the -90 variant, and the station's Bendix AN/FPS-20 Radar was also upgraded to an AN/FPS-67. The 755th inactivated on September 30, 1969, and Project Concise ended the site's Nike operations in 1974.
A training center and maintenance building was constructed on the remainder for an Army Reserve Unit of 600 men. At about the same time, the headquarters of 12th Special Forces Group (Army Reserve) was transferred to Arlington Heights.
Units of the 12th SFG located at Arlington Heights were disbanded around August 1994. Many of the Reserve Army Special Forces personnel joined the National Guard's 20th Special Forces Group. But after that date, three military units remained still stationed at the site.
- "Information for Arlington Heights AI, IL" (Radomes.org webpage). The Air Defense Radar Veterans' Association. Retrieved 2012-04-01.
- Winkler, David F; Webster, Julie L (June 1997). Searching the Skies: The Legacy of the United States Cold War Defense Radar Program (Report). U.S. Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratories. Retrieved 2012-03-26.
- "POW Camp South of Arlington Now Open" (Arlington Heights Historical Museum transcription). Arlington Heights Herald. May 4, 1945. Retrieved 2012-04-01.
- Meyerhoff, Keith (September 14, 1967). Nike Site Has History as 'Embattled' Land (Report). Prospect High School. Retrieved 2012-04-01.
- "Arlington Heights Facts at a Glance" (chronology). Arlingtoncards.com. Retrieved 2012-04-02.
- compiled by Johnson, Mildred W (31 December 1980) [February 1973 original by Cornett, Lloyd H. Jr]. A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization 1946 - 1980 (PDF). Peterson Air Force Base: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center. Retrieved 2012-03-26.
- "Corrections to The Second Edition of Rings of Supersonic Steel". Ed-Thelen.org. October 29, 2006. Retrieved 2012-04-01.
- Stimely, Margot (February 1996). Nike Base (Report). Arlington Heights Historical Society. Retrieved 2012-04-01.