Argentine Air Force
This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2016)
The Argentine Air Force (Spanish: Fuerza Aérea Argentina, or simply FAA) is the national aviation branch of the Armed Forces of the Argentine Republic. In 2010, it was populated by 14,600 military personnel and 6,900 civilian personnel.
|Argentine Air Force|
|Fuerza Aérea Argentina|
|Founded||4 January 1945|
|Size||13,837 personnel and 217 aircraft|
|Part of||Argentine Armed Forces|
|March||Spanish: Alas Argentinas |
|Anniversaries||10 August (anniversary) |
1 May (Baptism of fire during the Falklands War)
|Commander-in-Chief||President Alberto Fernández|
|Chief of Staff of the Air Force||Brigadier Xavier Isaac|
|Helicopter||Bell 412, Bell 212, Hughes 500D, SA315, Mil Mi-171|
|Trainer||T-6 Texan II, Tucano, Pampa, Grob 120TP|
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (August 2015)
Throughout the years following World War I, the Argentine Air Force received various aircraft from France and Italy. In 1922, the Escuela Militar de Aviación was temporarily disbanded, resulting in the formation of Grupo 1 de Aviación ('Aviation Group One') as an operational unit. During 1925, the Escuela Militar de Aviación was reopened, and the Grupo 3 de Observación ('Observation Group Three') created, with Grupo 1 de Aviación becoming known as Grupo 1 de Observación shortly after.
In 1927, the Dirección General de Aeronáutica ('General Aeronautics Authority') was created to coordinate the country's military aviation. In that same year, the Fábrica Militar de Aviones (lit. 'Military Aircraft Factory', FMA), which would play a crucial role in the country's aviation industry, was founded in Córdoba. Despite that, throughout the 1930s, Argentina acquired various aircraft from the United Kingdom, Germany, and the United States.
By 1938–39, Argentina's air power consisted of roughly 3,200 personnel (including about 200 officers) and maintained approximately 230 aircraft. Roughly 150 of these were operated by the army and included Dewoitine D.21 and Curtiss P-36 Hawk fighters; Breguet 19 reconnaissance planes; Northrop A-17 and Martin B-10 bombers, North American NA-16 trainers, Focke-Wulf Fw 58 as multi-role planes, Junkers Ju 52, and Fairchild 82 transports; Approximately 80 out of the 230 aircraft present were operated by the navy and included the Supermarine Southampton, Supermarine Walrus, Fairey Seal, Fairey III, Vought O2U Corsair, Consolidated P2Y, Curtiss T-32 Condor II, Douglas Dolphin, and Grumman J2F Duck.
World War II and Immediate Post-WarEdit
The first step towards establishing the Air Force as a separate branch of the Armed Forces was taken during the 11th of February 1944 to establish the Aeronautical Command-in-Chief (Comando en Jefe de Aeronáutica) directly under the mandate of the Department of War. This later became the Argentine Air Force by decree on the 4th of January 1945, which also created the Secretary of Aeronautics (Secretaría de Aeronáutica).
At the end of World War II, the Air Force began a process of modernization. This 'golden age' (roughly 1945–1955) was ushered in by the availability of foreign currency in Argentina, an abundance of now-unemployed aerospace engineers from Germany, Italy, and France, and the British provision of latest-generation engines alongside other aircraft parts. In his first term, President Juan Perón brought teams of European engineers to the FMA, nowadays the Instituto Aerotécnico ('Aerotechnical Institute'), or I.Ae., to promote aircraft technological development. The count totaled to around 750 workers, including two teams of German designers (led by Kurt Tank) and the French engineer Émile Dewoitine.
In 1947, the Air Force acquisitioned 100 Gloster Meteor jet fighters. These aircraft were paid for by the United States to partially pay back its debt to Argentina, which had provided them with raw materials during World War II. This purchase caused the Argentine air force to become the first in Latin America equipped with jet-propelled combat fighters. In addition, several Avro Lincoln and Avro Lancaster bombers were also acquired.
The Air Force, with former Luftwaffe officers as consultants and with the European teams that Perón had brought, also began to develop its own aircraft, e.g., the I.Ae. 27 Pulqui I and the I.Ae. 33 Pulqui II. These manufactures gave Argentina the positions of the first country in Latin America and the sixth in the world to develop jet fighter technology on its own. Other Argentina-developed, twin-engine aircraft included the I.Ae. 35 Huanquero, the I. Ae 22 DL advanced trainer, the I.Ae 24 Calquín bomber, the I.Ae. 23 trainer, the bi-motor combat fighter I.Ae. 30 Ñancú, and the assault glider I.Ae. 25 Mañque, as well as rockets and planes for civilian use (like the FMA 20 El Boyero).
Cold War PeriodEdit
In the Revolución Libertadora (1955)Edit
The Argentine Air Force came into active operation for the first time on June 16, 1955 during the bombing of the Plaza de Mayo in Buenos Aires. Government loyalist Gloster Meteors fought rebel planes and attempted a failed assassination of the President in a coup d'état. The plan failed, and the rebels bombed the city and the House of Government). In the following September coup, the Air Force supported Perón's government by initiating combat operations and transporting troops and arms with a meager five aircraft defecting to the other side. After the Revolución Libertadora succeeded and the coup took place, previously mentioned operations ceased and most Air Force workers left the country, including engineer Kurt Tank who left to work in India.
During 1952, the Air Force started supplying the Antarctic scientific bases using ski-equipped Douglas C-47s. Previously, President Juan Perón had created the Antarctic Task Forces (FATA, Fuerzas de Tareas Antárticas) to fulfill this purpose. In 1970, the Air Force began operating C-130 Hercules aircraft into Antarctica. The Fokker F-28 Fellowship presidential aircraft is reported to be the first jet to have landed there, in 1973. Since the 1970s, DHC-6 Twin Otters have also been deployed, with the Air Force launching Operation Transantar on October 1973. This resulted in the first trans-Antarctic three-continent flight in history when a Hercules C-130 flew between Río Gallegos; Marambio Base; Christchurch, New Zealand and Canberra, Australia.
In the 1960s, new aircraft were incorporated, including the F-86F Sabre jet fighter and the Douglas A-4 Skyhawk mainly used for ground-attack. During the 1970s, the Air Force re-equipped itself with Mirage III interceptors, IAI Dagger multi-role fighters, and C-130 Hercules cargo planes. A counter-insurgency airplane, the Pucará, was also manufactured and used in substantial numbers. The Air Force also had an important role in the 1976 coup which lead to a military dictatorship that lasted until 1983.
Falklands War (1982)Edit
The Falklands War was the first war fought by the Argentine Air Force against an external enemy. Some operational aircraft were obsolete. However, the airforce came close to winning the war for Argentina. During the war, the Air Force division of the Military Junta was called the Fuerza Aérea Sur (FAS, 'Southern Air Force'), and led by Ernesto Crespo.
Air engagements began on May 1, 1982 with the UK's Royal Air Force initiating Operation Black Buck, in which an Avro Vulcan XM607 bomber attacked military air bases on the islands. The Task Force then sent Sea Harriers to attack positions at Stanley and Goose Green, where the first Argentine casualties occurred.
The Argentine Air Force reacted by sending multiple IAI Dagger, A-4 Skyhawk attack aircraft, and Mirage III interceptors into the fray. The Mirage III went into combat with the Harriers on Bourbon Island, with one Mirage lost to a Harrier. On May 21, the Battle of San Carlos ("Bomb Alley") began once the Air Force attacked a detachment of British ships involved in the landing in the San Carlos Water. The Dagger and Skyhawk aircraft sank three British ships (HMS Coventry, a Type 42 destroyer; and two frigates, HMS Antelope and HMS Ardent).
On June 8th, the Air Force carried out an operation in Bluff Cove. The British were using the landing ships RFA Sir Galahad and RFA Sir Tristram to position the 5th Infantry Brigade for an assault on Port Stanley. As these ships were unloading and therefore vulnerable, they were attacked by nine A-4 Skyhawks in two waves, while five Daggers attacked the escorting frigate HMS Plymouth and four more conducted a decoy misson over the north of the islands to draw off British Sea Harriers. The Skyhawks destroyed the landing craft "Foxtrot 4", damaged the Sir Galahad so badly that it was subsequently scuttled and also severely damaged the Sir Tristram, although she survived and was later rebuilt. Fire and explosions on the ships resulted in 56 deaths and 150 wounded; the worst single loss of life for the British in the war. After their attack, three A-4s from the second wave were shot down by Sea Harriers, killing all three pilots. All the explosive ordinance deployed by the Daggers failed to explode.
On June 13th, the A-4 Skyhawks of the Argentinian Air Force renewed their attacks in two formations of four aircraft each and launched an attack against enemy troops and helicopters. On June 14th, 1982, the Argentine command surrendered, returning control of the Falklands, Georgia, and the South Sandwich Islands to the United Kingdom. The Argentine Air Force suffered 55 dead and 47 wounded, with 505 combat departures and 62 aircraft losses, as listed below:
- 19 A-4 Skyhawk
- 2 Mirage III
- 11 Dagger
- 2 Canberra
- 24 IA-58 Pucará
- 1 C-130H Hercules
- 1 Learjet 35
- 2 Bell 212
After the war, the UK imposed an arms embargo on Argentina. The United States, however, sold Argentina 36 A-4AR Fighting hawks, a refurbished and upgraded version of the A-4 Skyhawks. Other equipment purchased by Argentina were: 23 US Army surplus OV-1 Mohawks, 22 Ex-Israeli IAI Dagger, 2 C-130B, and 1 Lockheed L-100-30.
Argentina started the development of brand new aircraft, including the FMA IA-63 Pampa, the combat fighter FMA SAIA 90, and the subsequent transformation of the Condor missile into a medium-range ballistic missile. Of these, only the Pampa was successfully developed.
During 1994, Menem discontinued mandatory military service and began allowing women to serve.
Support to UN peacekeeping missionsEdit
Early 21st CenturyEdit
In early 2005, seventeen brigadiers, including the Chief of Staff, Brigadier General Carlos Rohde, were fired by President Néstor Kirchner following a scandal involving drug trafficking through Ezeiza International Airport. Kirchner cited failures in the security systems of the Argentine airports, which were overseen by the National Aeronautic Police, then a branch of the Air Force (predecessor of the today independent Airport Security Police), and cover-ups of the scandal.
The FAA has been seeking to replace its ageing force with more capable and more serviceable modern aircraft. The acquisition of Spanish Mirage F1Ms, IAI Kfir Block 60s and Saab Gripen E/Fs were considered, but as of February 2015, all of those deals appear to have stalled; The Mirage F1 deal was scrapped by the Spanish government in March 2014 after pressure from the UK to not assist in FAA modernization over tensions between the countries over the Falkland Islands. The UK has also managed to veto the sale of Gripen E/Fs, as 30% of the Gripen's parts are manufactured there. The deal with Israel has reportedly stalled for technical and political reasons. China has allegedly offered JF-17/FC-1's and Chengdu J-10's to Argentina. The two countries have formed a working group to look into the transfer of 14 aircraft. Russia had also offered to lease 12 Su-24 strike aircraft to the FAA, but Jane's reported that the Su-24 would not be very useful to the FAA and that "it would appear that any proposed transfer of such aircraft is likely the result of Russia playing political games with the UK over the continuing crisis in Ukraine." All Mirages were officially decommissioned on 30 November 2015. The A-4s were grounded as of January 2016[update] for lack of spares; in any case only 4–5 were airworthy with the rest in storage at Villa Reynolds. When Barack Obama visited in March 2016, Air Force One was accompanied by US Air Force F-16s because Argentina could only offer Pucarás and Pampas for air defense.
As of July 2019, the Argentine Air Force and government selected the KAI FA-50 as its interim fighter. With this act being the first step in modernizing the fighter force and replacing the Mirage 3, Dagger, and Mirage 5 fighters that have also been retired. It was also anticipated that obtaining FA-50 would help mitigate the retirement of the Martin A-4AR Fightinghawk fleet, as they were aging and becoming difficult to maintain. As of 2020, it is reported that as few as six of the Fightinghawk aircraft remain operational. While no specific numbers of aircraft to purchase were given, the media reported that up to 10 FA-50s were considered. Despite elections coming in October 2019, the deal had been expected to go through. An Argentine delegation first visited the Republic of Korea Air Force in September 2016. At that time an FAA pilot was able to test fly the TA-50 Golden Eagle operational trainer variant of the FA-50.
However, the deal appeared to have been canceled in early 2020 leaving the Air Force without a fighter replacement. Some sources suggested that the cancellation was due to the financial pressures resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, while others reported that British intervention played a part by preventing the export of an aircraft incorporating various British components. In October 2020, Korea Aerospace Industries (KAI) confirmed that since major components of the aircraft were supplied by the U.K., the aircraft could not be exported to Argentina. Britain similarly blocked the potential sale of Brazilian license-built Saab Gripen aircraft to Argentina, given that some avionics were of British origin. Argentina was now said to be exploring the potential acquisition of aircraft from Russia or China, or alternatively JF-17 aircraft from Pakistan. However, even sales of Chinese aircraft reportedly encountered potential problems since the ejector seats of the aircraft were the MK6, manufactured by Martin Baker in the UK.
Early in 2021, Russia made several proposals related to the acquisition of aircraft by Argentina including the apparent offer of MiG-35 fighters. These built on earlier offers of the MiG-29 as well as on measures being undertaken to extend the life of Mi-171E helicopters acquired by Argentina in 2010 to support operations in Antarctica.
In 2021, one analysis found that the numbers of operational aircraft with offensive combat capability were practically at a level of zero. In addition to only around six A-4 Fightinghawk aircraft being operational, the availability of C-130 transport aircraft was only assessed as being at 6 of originally 14 aircraft. However, 23 light IA-63 Pampa, 12 T-6C+ Texan II and 12 EMB-312 Tucano trainer aircraft were reported operational as of 2021. In September 2021 the Government officially included funding of $664 million in a draft budget for Congress involving the purchase of PAC JF-17A Block III fighters from Pakistan. Were the deal to go ahead it was reported that it would involve the acquisition of 12 such aircraft.
To improve transport capabilities, two Fokker F-28 aircraft which had been decommissioned in 2019 have been refurbished and put into service, the last one (TC-53) in early August 2021.
The FAA is headed by the Chief of the General Staff (Jefe del Estado Mayor General), directly appointed by the President. The Chief of Staff usually holds the rank of Brigadier General, the highest rank of the Air Force, being seconded by the Deputy Chief of the General Staff and three senior officers in charge of the FAA's three Commands: the Air Operations, the Personnel, and the Materiel Command.
The Air Operations Command (Comando de Operaciones Aéreas) is the branch of the Air Force responsible for aerospace defense, air operations, planning, training, and technical and logistical support of the air units. Subordinate to the Air Operations Command are the Air Brigades (Brigadas Aéreas), the Air Force's major operative units, as well as the airspace surveillance and control group (Grupo VYCEA, Argentine Air Force). There is currently estimated to be a total of eight air brigades operational.[when?] Brigades are headquartered at Military Air Bases (Base Aérea Militar (BAMs).
Each Air Brigade is made up of three Groups, each bearing the same number as their mother Brigade. These groups include:
- One Air Group (Grupo Aéreo), which operates the aircraft assigned to the Brigade. The Air Group is divided into a variable number of Air Squadrons. Air Groups may be named according to their primary mission, for example, an air group specialized in fighter operations receives the designation of Fighter Group (Grupo de Caza). Currently, the Air Force includes three Fighter Groups (4th, 5th, and 6th), one Attack Group (3rd), one Transport Group (1st), and three plain Air Groups (2nd, 7th, and 9th). The 7th Air Group operates all the helicopters of the Air Force, while the 2nd includes a small reconnaissance unit as well as light transport aircraft. 9th Air Group is a light transport unit.
- One Technical Group (Grupo Técnico), in charge of the maintenance and repair of the Brigade's aircraft.
- One Base Group (Grupo Base), responsible for the airbase itself, weather forecasting, flight control, runway maintenance, etc. Base Groups also include Base Flights (Escuadrillas de Base), generally made up of two or three liaison aircraft.
The Personnel Command (Comando de Personal) is responsible for the training, education, assignment, and welfare of Air Force personnel. Under the control of the Personnel Command are the Military Aviation School (which educates the future officers of the Air Force), the Air Force Non-Commissioned Officer (NCO) School, and other educational and training units.
The Materiel Command (Comando de Material) deals with planning and executing the Air Force's logistics regarding flying and ground materiel. Materiel Command includes "Quilmes" and "Río Cuarto" Material Areas (repairing and maintenance units) and "El Palomar" Logistical Area.
Order of BattleEdit
This section needs additional citations for verification. (August 2015)
- 1st Air Brigade (El Palomar Military Air Base, Buenos Aires Province) in El Palomar Airport
- 2nd Air Brigade (Paraná Military Air Base, Entre Ríos Province) in General Justo José de Urquiza Airport
- 3rd Air Brigade (Reconquista Military Air Base, Santa Fe Province) in Daniel Jukic Airport
- 4th Air Brigade (El Plumerillo Military Air Base, Mendoza Province) in Governor Francisco Gabrielli International Airport
- 5th Air Brigade (Villa Reynolds Military Air Base, San Luis Province) in Villa Reynolds Airport
- 6th Air Brigade (Tandil Military Air Base, Buenos Aires Province) in Tandil Airport
- 1st Fighter-Bomber Squadron (AMD Mirage 5P Mara retired)
- 2nd Fighter-Bomber Squadron (IAI Finger retired)
- 3rd Air Interceptor Squadron (AMD Mirage IIIEA/DA retired)
- Unknown Squadron (IA-63 Pampa II)
- Services Squadron (Cessna 182; Aerocommander 500)
- 13th Antiaircraft Artillery Battery (Oerlikon GAI-B01)
- 7th Air Brigade (Moreno Military Air Base, Buenos Aires Province) in Mariano Moreno Airport
- 9th Air Brigade (Comodoro Rivadavia Military Air Base, Chubut Province) in General Enrique Mosconi International Airport
- Morón Military Air Base (Buenos Aires Province) in Morón Airport
- Unknown Squadron (Piper PA-34-220T Seneca; Piper/Chincul PA-28RT-201 Arrow; Piper PA-28-236 Dakota; Cessna 182)
- Mar del Plata Military Air Base (Buenos Aires Province) in Astor Piazzolla International Airport
- Unknown Squadron (Roland II; Rheinmetall RH 202; Oerlikon GAI-D01; Oerlikon GDF-002; Skyguard)
- Antiaircraft Weapons Maintenance Squadron (UAV Pegasus; UAV Tehuelche; UAV Murciélago)
- Río Gallegos Military Air Base (Santa Cruz Province) in Piloto Civil Norberto Fernández International Airport
- Unknown Squadron (AN/TPS-43)
- 6th Antiaircraft Artillery Battery
- Military Aviation School (Cordoba, Córdoba Province)
Commissioned officer ranksEdit
The rank insignia of commissioned officers.
|Rank group||General/flag officers||Field/senior officers||Junior officers||Officer cadet|
| Argentine Air Force
|Brigadier general||Brigadier mayor||Brigadier||Comodoro mayor||Comodoro||Vicecomodoro||Mayor||Capitán||Primer teniente||Teniente||Alférez|
|Rank group||Senior NCOs||Junior NCOs||Enlisted|
| Argentine Air Force
|Suboficial mayor||Suboficial principal||Suboficial ayudante||Suboficial auxiliar||Cabo principal||Cabo primero||Cabo||Voluntario primero||Voluntario segundo|
Chiefs of the Argentine Air ForceEdit
Argentine Military – Other Air ServicesEdit
- Argentine Army
- Argentine Navy
- Military of Argentina
Units and Related OrganisationsEdit
- "Argentina hace publica la cantidad de personal militar en sus fuerzas". zona-militar.com. 19 March 2018. Archived from the original on 28 April 2018. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
- IISS 2010, pp. 64–67
- "Fuerza AĆ©rea Argentina". 2018-09-03. Archived from the original on 2018-09-03. Retrieved 2020-05-20.
- Schnitzler, R.; Feuchter, G.W.; Schulz, R., eds. (1939). Handbuch der Luftwaffe [Aviation Manual] (in German) (3rd ed.). Munich and Berlin: J. F. Lehmanns Verlag. p. 13.
- "4 de enero". Archived from the original on 2008-02-21. Retrieved 2020-05-20.
- Peck, Michael (14 November 2020). "In the 1950s, Argentina Tried To Build a Nazi Fighter Jets". The National Interest. Retrieved 8 December 2020.
- "La Plaza de Mayo tuvo 308 muertos - Criticadigital.com". 2010-06-18. Archived from the original on 2010-06-18. Retrieved 2020-05-20.
- "Los bombardeos del '55: Cuando el odio quedó impune". Facultad de Periodismo y Comunicación Social de la Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Retrieved 2020-05-20.
- Ruiz Moreno, Isidoro J., 1934- (2013). La revolución del 55 : dictadura, conspiración y caída de Perón (Cuarta edición ed.). Buenos Aires. ISBN 978-950-620-336-8. OCLC 913745779.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Cichero, Daniel E. (2005). Bombas sobre Buenos Aires : gestación y desarollo del bombardeo aéreo sobre la Plaza de Mayo del 16 de junio de 1955 (1ra. ed.). Barcelona: Vergara Grupo Zeta. ISBN 950-15-2347-0. OCLC 68472301.
- Zukowsky, John. "Kurt Tank". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
- Frenkel, Leopoldo. (1992). Juan Ignacio San Martín : el desarrollo de las industrias aeronáutica y automotriz en la Argentina. Germano Artes Gráficas). Buenos Aires: L. Frenkel. p. 41. ISBN 950-43-4267-1. OCLC 27327594.
- "Primer aterrizaje de un Hércules C-130 en Marambio". Archived from the original on 29 May 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Marambio Station". Archived from the original on January 7, 2014.
- "Aniversario Aereo de la Antartida Argentina". Archived from the original on 24 December 2014. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "The First Three-Continental and Transantarctic Flight". Fin del Mundo. Sitio Oficial de la Provincia de Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur. Archived from the original on 1 October 2013.
- "Primer Vuelo Transantártico Tricontinental. Operación "Transantar" (04 al 10-Oct-1973)" (in Spanish). Fundación Marambio. Archived from the original on 28 February 2009.
- Yofre, Juan Bautista, 1946- (2011). 1982 : los documentos secretos de la guerra de Malvinas-Falklands y el derrumbe del Proceso. Buenos Aires: Editorial Sudamericana. p. 56. ISBN 978-950-07-3666-4. OCLC 764559333.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Quellet 1997, pp. 106–108.
- de la Pedraja, Rene (2006). Robin Higham, Stephen J. Harris (ed.). Why Air Forces Fail: The Anatomy of Defeat. Google Books: University Press of Kentucky. p. 232. ISBN 9780813167602. Retrieved 28 June 2021.
- Quellet 1997, p. 797.
- "1º de Mayo – Bautismo de fuego de la Fuerza Aérea Argentina" (in Spanish). Centro Regional Universitario Cordoba IUA. Retrieved 2020-05-21.
- Fuerza Aerea Argentina (1998) . Historia de la Fuerza Aérea Argentina. Tomo VI: La Fuerza Aérea en Malvinas. Volumen 1. Dirección de Estudios Históricos. Fuerza Aerea Argentina. ISBN 987-96654-4-9.[page needed]
- Historia de la Fuerza Aérea Argentina. Ricardo Luis Quellet. [Buenos Aires]: [Fuerza Aérea Argentina, Dirección de Estudios Históricos]. 1998. p. 797. ISBN 987-96654-4-9. OCLC 760500498.CS1 maint: others (link)
- De León, Pablo Gabriel (2017). El proyecto misilístico Cóndor. Su origen, desarrollo y cancelación. Lenguaje Claro. ISBN 978-987-3764-24-0. p. 96.
- "Adiós a la colimba". La Voz (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-05-21.
- "- Fuerza Area Argentina". Archived from the original on 7 April 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "VII Brigada Aerea". Archived from the original on 24 December 2007. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Kirchner removió al brigadier general Carlos Rodhe". La Nación (in Spanish). 2005-02-17. Retrieved 2020-05-21.
- "Zona Militar". zonamilitar.com.ar. Archived from the original on 2010-09-03.
- "Iniciativa para reequipar a las FF.AA". Archived from the original on 19 August 2010. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Argentina in negotiations for Israeli Kfir fighters". Flightglobal.com. Archived from the original on 2015-08-22. Retrieved 2015-08-18.
- Argentina; Spanish Mirage F-1 deal scrapped due to UK preassure Archived 2014-10-29 at the Wayback Machine - Dmilt.com, 7 March 2014
- "Argentina's Jet Fighter Replacement Options Narrow". Defensenews.com. 30 November 2014. Archived from the original on November 30, 2014. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- "Argentina seeks Kfir deal with Israel" Archived 2014-01-18 at the Wayback Machine January 13, 2014
- "Argentina and China agree fighter aircraft working group". IHS Jane's 360. 5 February 2015. Archived from the original on 22 February 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- Porfilio, Gabriel (1 December 2015). "Argentina retires Dassault Mirage fleet". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
- Porfilio, Gabriel (28 January 2016). "Argentinian MoD confirms all fighters grounded". IHS Jane's Defense Weekly. Archived from the original on 4 April 2016. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
- Aguilera, Edgardo (27 January 2016). "No queremos una Armada que no navegue ni una Fuerza Aérea que no vuele". Diario Ambito Financiero (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 22 April 2016. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
- "La llegada de Obama desnudó la triste realidad de la FAA". El Sol. 21 March 2016. Archived from the original on 9 April 2016. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
- "Argentine A-4AR fighter jet crashes near Cordoba, pilot dead". www.aerotime.aero.
- "Janes | Latest defense and security news". Janes.com.
- "PREMIUM: Latin American projects face COVID-19 problems - Defense Notes - Shephard Media". www.shephardmedia.com.
- Axe, David. "No FA-50s For You! U.K. Bureaucrats Swat Down Argentine Fighter Plan". Forbes.
- "UK bars sale of South Korean fighter jets for the Argentine air force". MercoPress.
- "Argentina Will Take Another Look at the JF-17 Thunder". December 6, 2020.
- "Argentine Air Force faces another hurdle for its re-equipment plans". MercoPress.
- "Los ofrecimientos rusos a la Argentina suman al Mig-35". March 8, 2021.
- "Últimos pasos y comienzo de la ICM para los Mi-171E de la Fuerza Aérea Argentina". March 5, 2021.
- Bettolli, Carlos Borda (2021-07-09). "La degradación operacional de la Fuerza Aérea Argentina en las últimas dos décadas". Zona Militar (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-08-13.
- "Fuerza Aérea Argentina – El Fokker F-28 TC-53 volvió a volar". August 7, 2021. Retrieved 2021-08-11.
- "LEY DE DEFENSA NACIONAL- Título IV". servicios.infoleg.gob.ar. 1988. Retrieved 2020-05-26.
- Esteban Brea (4 August 2016). "ORBAT FAA (I): Antecedentes, Brigadas Aéreas, Bases Militares y Escuadrones". Gaceta Aeronáutica. Archived from the original on 23 June 2018. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
- Radar, Contato (January 27, 2021). "LADE retoma operações comerciais com o Fokker 28". Economia.
- AirForces Monthly. Stamford, Lincolnshire, England: Key Publishing Ltd. February 2017. p. 20.
- Esteban Brea (8 August 2016). "ORBAT FAA (II): Institutos de Formación". Gaceta Aeronáutica. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
- "Grados Militares". fuerzas-armadas.mil.ar (in Spanish). Joint Chiefs of Staff (Argentina). Retrieved 27 May 2021.
- "Argentine Air Force Orders Six IA-63 Pampa III Trainer and Light Combat Aircraft". 19 May 2021.
- "World Air Forces 2021". Flightglobal Insight. 2021. Retrieved 4 May 2021.
- "Fuerza Aerea Argentina T-04". airfleets.net. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- Infodefensa.com, Revista Defensa (March 10, 2021). "Fadea apunta al reemplazo de los Hercules argentinos y señala el error de no haber comprado los españoles - Noticias Infodefensa América". Infodefensa.com.
- "Imagen del primer Huron de la Fuerza Aérea Argentina". 22 August 2021.
- "Arrival of the first Huron for the Argentine Air Force is delayed". 7 July 2021.
- "Fuerza Aerea Argentina Bell 412". Retrieved 22 December 2014.
- "World Air Forces 2020". Flightglobal Insight. 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
- "Argentine-Air-Force". helis.com. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
- "World Air Forces 2004". Flightglobal Insight. 2004. Archived from the original on 25 October 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
- "Fuerza Aerea Argentina VIP S-76". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
- Hagedorn, Daniel P. (September–October 1996). "Talkback". Air Enthusiast (65): 80. ISSN 0143-5450.
- International Institute for Strategic Studies (2010-02-03). Hackett, James (ed.). The Military Balance 2010. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-1-85743-557-3.
- Quellet, Ricardo Luis (1997). Historia de la Fuerza Aérea Argentina. [Buenos Aires]: [Fuerza Aérea Argentina, Dirección de Estudios Históricos]. ISBN 987-96654-4-9. OCLC 760500498.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (April 2016)
- (in Spanish) La Argentina fabricante de Aviones (retrieved 2016-04-23)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Air force of Argentina.|