Ape and Super-Ape
|Ape and Super-Ape|
|Directed by||Bert Haanstra|
|Written by||Bert Haanstra|
|Produced by||Bert Haanstra|
|Narrated by||Anton Koolhaas|
|Cinematography||Anton van Munster|
|Edited by||Bert Haanstra|
|Music by||Otto Ketting|
|Distributed by||Ministry of Culture, Recreation and Social Welfare|
The film is also notable for featuring extensive documentary footage of the life of penguins on Antarctica almost thirty years before another documentary film, March of the Penguins (2005) focused on the same subject. 
The film is a study of the differences and similarities between human and animal behaviour. The first part of the movie focuses on the behaviour of various animal species. The second half is about the behaviour of humans, often intercutting with footage of animal behaviour. In the original Dutch version writer Anton Koolhaas, who also wrote the script, provided the voice-over.
Haanstra had already shown interest in human and animal behaviour in his previous films, like Zoo (1961). Ape and Super-Ape analyzed these similarities on a much larger scale. In preparation for this documentary Haanstra and his camera crew traveled across the world for three years. They filmed animals and people in many different continents (Africa and Antarctica get extensive attention), while the well known Dutch ethnologist Gerard Baerendts was consulted for scientific advice.
- "NY Times: Ape and Super-Ape". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. Baseline & All Movie Guide. 2012. Archived from the original on 20 October 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2008.
- "The 45th Academy Awards (1973) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
- "Bij de beesten af (1972) recensie - Cinemagazine". Retrieved 16 September 2016.