Antonín Mrkos

Antonín Mrkos (Czech pronunciation: [ˈantoɲiːn ˈmr̩kos]; 27 January 1918 29 May 1996) was a Czech astronomer, born in Střemchoví, in the Austro-Hungarian Margraviate of Moravia (present-day Czech Republic).

Antonín Mrkos

Minor planets discovered: 274[1]
see § List of discovered minor planets

Biography

Mrkos entered the University in Brno in 1938. His studies were interrupted by the onset of World War II, and in 1945 he became a staff member at the Skalnaté Pleso Observatory in Slovakia. It was from here that he carried out his extremely active cometary programme and became the discoverer of several unusual comets, the most famous of them the bright Comet 1957d.

He was the second Czech in Antarctica and the first Czechoslovak to reach the Southern Pole of Inaccessibility as a member of the 3rd Soviet Antarctic Expedition (1957–1959). The Czechoslovakian flag was the second flag raised after the flag of the USSR. He returned to Antarctica as the head of the four-member Czechoslovakian crew in the seventh Soviet Antarctic Expedition (19611963). He was studying auroras among other things.[2]

He was invited for what would have been his third expedition to the Antarctic but could not participate because of an almost fatal accident. It is thought someone tried to injure or to kill him by adding a bottle of strongly concentrated detergent among his other bottles of mineral water. Since this accident he could only eat liquid meals for the rest of his life.

In 1965 he became director of Kleť observatory.[2] Beginning in 1968 he made photographic observations at Kleť and extended this activity to minor planets in 1977. For many years he was the most regular contributor of data to the Minor Planet Center. He was President of Commission 6 from 1985 until 1988 (and Vicepresident from 1982 until 1985). He was associate professor at the Charles University in Prague and the University of South Bohemia. Mrkos died in 1996 in Prague, aged 78.

He discovered or co-discovered thirteen comets. Among these were the periodic comets 18D/Perrine–Mrkos, 45P/Honda–Mrkos–Pajdušáková, 124P/Mrkos and 143P/Kowal–Mrkos. He also discovered the bright non-periodic comet C/1957 P1 (or, in the nomenclature of the time, comet 1957d). He discovered a number of asteroids (273 in total), including the Amor asteroid 5797 Bivoj and Trojan asteroid 3451 Mentor.

Mrkos named asteroids 6758 Jesseowens in honour of Jesse Owens and 2747 Český Krumlov after the historic town of the same name. Another main-belt asteroid, 3357 Tolstikov, was named in honour of Yevgeny Tolstikov with whom he had explored the Antarctic in his youth. Fellow astronomer Lyudmila Chernykh named 1832 Mrkos in his honour, while Mrkos gratified her and her husband Nikolai with 2325 Chernykh.

List of discovered minor planets

2199 Kleť6 June 1978list
2304 Slavia18 May 1979list
2325 Chernykh25 September 1979list
2367 Praha8 January 1981list
2403 Šumava25 September 1979list
2404 Antarctica1 October 1980list
2552 Remek24 September 1978list
2559 Svoboda23 October 1981list
2747 Český Krumlov19 February 1980list
2811 Střemchoví10 May 1980list
2889 Brno17 November 1981list
2936 Nechvíle17 September 1979list
2971 Mohr30 December 1980list
3003 Konček28 December 1983list
3017 Petrovič25 October 1981list
3130 Hillary20 December 1981list
3137 Horky16 September 1982list
3141 Buchar2 September 1984list
3168 Lomnický Štít1 December 1980list
3257 Hanzlík15 April 1982list
3276 Porta Coeli15 September 1982list
3278 Běhounek27 January 1984list
3313 Mendel19 February 1980list
3324 Avsyuk4 February 1983list
3326 Agafonikov20 March 1985list
3334 Somov20 December 1981list
3339 Treshnikov6 June 1978list
3357 Tolstikov21 March 1984list
3364 Zdenka5 April 1984list
3395 Jitka20 October 1985list
3451 Mentor19 April 1984list
3490 Šolc20 September 1984list
3550 Link20 December 1981list
3571 Milanštefánik15 March 1982list
3629 Lebedinskij21 November 1982list
3630 Lubomír28 August 1984list
3636 Pajdušáková17 October 1982list
3645 Fabini28 August 1981list
3665 Fitzgerald19 March 1979list
3701 Purkyně20 February 1985list
3715 Štohl19 February 1980list
3716 Petzval2 October 1980list
3727 Maxhell7 August 1981list
3781 Dufek2 September 1986list
3791 Marci17 November 1981list
3827 Zdeněkhorský3 November 1986list
3847 Šindel16 February 1982list
3887 Gerstner22 August 1985list
3905 Doppler28 August 1984list
3949 Mach20 October 1985list
3979 Brorsen8 November 1983list
3980 Hviezdoslav4 December 1983list
3981 Stodola26 January 1984list
3983 Sakiko20 September 1984list
3993 Šorm4 November 1988list
4018 Bratislava30 December 1980list
4054 Turnov5 October 1983list
4090 Říšehvězd2 September 1986list
4176 Sudek24 February 1987list
4238 Audrey13 April 1980list
4249 Křemže29 September 1984list
4277 Holubov15 January 1982list
4287 Třísov7 September 1989list
4339 Almamater20 October 1985list
4405 Otava21 August 1987list
4408 Zlatá Koruna4 October 1988list
4552 Nabelek11 May 1980list
4554 Fanynka28 October 1986list
4610 Kájov26 March 1989list
4662 Runk19 April 1984list
4663 Falta27 September 1984list
4671 Drtikol10 January 1988list
4691 Toyen7 October 1983list
4698 Jizera4 September 1986list
4702 Berounka23 April 1987list
4801 Ohře22 October 1989list
4823 Libenice4 October 1986list
4824 Stradonice25 November 1986list
5026 Martes22 August 1987list
5089 Nádherná25 September 1979list
5102 Benfranklin2 September 1986list
5103 Diviš4 September 1986list
5122 Mucha3 January 1989list
5202 Charleseliot5 December 1983list
5250 Jas21 August 1984list
5318 Dientzenhofer21 April 1985list
5363 Kupka19 October 1979list
5418 Joyce29 August 1981list
5425 Vojtěch20 September 1984list
5552 Studnička16 September 1982list
5573 Hilarydownes24 August 1981list
5583 Braunerová5 March 1989list
5668 Foucault22 March 1984list
5712 Funke25 September 1979list
5719 Křižík7 September 1983list
5797 Bivoj13 January 1980list
5800 Pollock16 October 1982list
5801 Vasarely26 January 1984list
5803 Ötzi21 July 1984list
5804 Bambinidipraga9 September 1985list
5865 Qualytemocrina31 August 1984list
5891 Gehrig22 September 1981list
5894 Telč14 September 1982list
5897 Novotná29 September 1984list
5910 Zátopek29 November 1989list
5946 Hrozný28 October 1984list
5958 Barrande29 January 1989list
5997 Dirac1 October 1983list
5998 Sitenský2 September 1986list
6060 Doudleby19 February 1980list
6064 Holašovice23 April 1987list
6149 Pelčák25 September 1979list
6175 Cori4 December 1983list
6221 Ducentesima13 April 1980list
6223 Dahl3 September 1980list
6231 Hundertwasser20 March 1985list
6266 Letzel4 October 1986list
6281 Strnad16 September 1980list
6377 Cagney25 June 1987list
6379 Vrba15 November 1987list
6385 Martindavid5 March 1989list
6433 Enya18 November 1978list
6440 Ransome8 September 1988list
6441 Milenajesenská9 September 1988list
6469 Armstrong14 August 1982list
6470 Aldrin14 September 1982list
6471 Collins4 March 1983list
6481 Tenzing9 September 1988list
6508 Rolčík22 August 1982list
6516 Gruss3 October 1988list
6540 Stepling16 September 1982list
6542 Jacquescousteau15 February 1985list
6546 Kaye24 February 1987list
6550 Parléř4 November 1988list
6556 Arcimboldo29 December 1989list
6581 Sobers22 September 1981list
6583 Destinn21 February 1984list
6586 Seydler28 October 1984list
6594 Tasman25 June 1987list
6596 Bittner15 November 1987list
6597 Kreil9 January 1988list
6600 Qwerty17 August 1988list
6701 Warhol14 January 1988list
6712 Hornstein23 February 1990list
6758 Jesseowens13 April 1980list
6768 Mathiasbraun7 September 1983list
6769 Brokoff15 February 1985list
6774 Vladheinrich4 November 1988list
6779 Perrine20 February 1990list
6817 Pest20 January 1982list
6824 Mallory8 September 1988list
6825 Irvine4 October 1988list
6897 Tabei15 November 1987list
(7080) 1986 RS15 September 1986list
7107 Peiser15 August 1980list
7114 Weinek29 November 1986list
7115 Franciscuszeno29 November 1986list
7118 Kuklov4 November 1988list
7171 Arthurkraus13 January 1988list
7226 Kryl21 August 1984list
7232 Nabokov20 October 1985list
7328 Casanova20 September 1984list
7332 Ponrepo4 December 1986list
7334 Sciurus17 August 1988list
7391 Strouhal8 November 1983list
7398 Walsh3 November 1986list
7403 Choustník14 January 1988list
7464 Vipera15 November 1987list
7635 Carolinesmith6 November 1983list
7644 Cslewis4 November 1988list
7645 Pons4 January 1989list
7694 Krasetín29 September 1983list
7695 Přemysl27 November 1984list
7699 Božek2 February 1989list
7701 Zrzavý14 October 1990list
7742 Altamira20 October 1985list
7820 Ianlyon14 October 1990list
7859 Lhasa19 October 1979list
7864 Borucki14 March 1982list
7867 Burian20 September 1984list
7927 Jamiegilmour29 November 1986list
7993 Johnbridges16 October 1982list
8001 Ramsden4 October 1986list
(8002) 1986 XF54 December 1986list
8022 Scottcrossfield10 November 1990list
8143 Nezval11 November 1982list
8152 Martinlee3 November 1986list
(8153) 1986 WO125 November 1986list
8249 Gershwin13 April 1980list
8258 McCracken15 September 1982list
8267 Kiss4 October 1986list
8333 Medina7 November 1982list
8336 Šafařík27 September 1984list
8343 Tugendhat4 October 1986list
8479 Held29 April 1987list
(8639) 1986 VB13 November 1986list
(8650) 1989 TJ25 October 1989list
9007 James Bond5 October 1983list
9008 Bohšternberk27 January 1984list
9011 Angelou20 September 1984list
9027 Graps4 November 1988list
9028 Konrádbeneš26 January 1989list
(9031) 1989 WG429 November 1989list
(9292) 1982 UE216 October 1982list
(9538) 1982 UM220 October 1982list
9551 Kazi20 October 1985list
(9552) 1985 UY24 October 1985list
(9575) 1989 BW129 January 1989list
(9729) 1981 RQ7 September 1981list
9931 Herbhauptman18 April 1985list
(10026) 1980 RE13 September 1980list
(10037) 1984 BQ26 January 1984list
(10291) 1985 UT20 October 1985list
(10294) 1988 AA214 January 1988list
(10705) 1981 SL22 September 1981list
11019 Hansrott25 April 1984list
11020 Orwell31 July 1984list
(11026) 1986 RE12 September 1986list
(11283) 1989 UX425 October 1989list
(11477) 1984 SY129 September 1984list
(11493) 1988 VN54 November 1988list
(11825) 1982 UW116 October 1982list
11830 Jessenius2 May 1984list
(11841) 1986 VW3 November 1986list
(12692) 1989 BV129 January 1989list
(12698) 1989 US422 October 1989list
(13491) 1984 UJ128 October 1984list
(13501) 1987 VR15 November 1987list
(13913) 1979 SO25 September 1979list
(14363) 1988 RB28 September 1988list
(14379) 1989 UM422 October 1989list
(15222) 1982 FL124 March 1982list
(15233) 1987 WU426 November 1987list
(16448) 1989 RV27 September 1989list
(17404) 1986 TZ34 October 1986list
17407 Teige14 October 1987list
(18300) 1979 PA14 August 1979list
(18325) 1984 SB229 September 1984list
(18328) 1985 UU20 October 1985list
(19124) 1986 TH34 October 1986list
19129 Loos10 January 1988list
(19184) 1991 TB66 October 1991list
20964 Mons Naklethi16 October 1977list
20969 Samo17 September 1979list
22260 Ur19 October 1979list
(22274) 1981 RN7 September 1981list
(22284) 1986 SH30 September 1986list
(22288) 1988 TR211 October 1988list
(22307) 1990 SU416 September 1990list
23437 Šíma27 September 1984list
(24619) 1979 DA26 February 1979list
(24661) 1988 GQ12 April 1988list
24662 Gryll14 April 1988list
24695 Štyrský16 September 1990list
(26807) 1982 RK114 September 1982list
(27702) 1984 SE127 September 1984list
(27703) 1984 SA229 September 1984list
(30770) 1984 SL427 September 1984list
(30772) 1986 RJ12 September 1986list
(32774) 1986 VZ3 November 1986list
(35086) 1990 TW814 October 1990list
(37559) 1985 UR20 October 1985list
(39514) 1986 TV34 October 1986list
(39515) 1986 XD54 December 1986list
(46546) 1988 VM54 November 1988list
(52268) 1986 WU25 November 1986list
(58140) 1981 SN22 September 1981list
(65668) 1988 AX114 January 1988list
(65686) 1990 TN814 October 1990list
(85155) 1986 VH77 November 1986list
(85164) 1988 TG23 October 1988list
(85167) 1989 RS27 September 1989list
(100012) 1989 BC125 January 1989list
217628 Lugh17 April 1990list

See also

References

  1. "Minor Planet Discoverers (by number)". Minor Planet Center. 11 July 2018. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  2. "První český vědec na Antarktidě: Výzkum v nejdrsnějších podmínkách na Zemi" by Hynek Adámek, National Geographic Czech, 18 May 2012 (in Czech) Archived 20 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine
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