Antioch, Illinois

Antioch is a village in Antioch Township, Lake County, Illinois, United States. As of the 2020 census the population was 14,622. Antioch is about 60 miles north of Chicago and is part of the United States Census Bureau's Chicago combined statistical area (CSA), but it is actually slightly closer to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, about 50 miles south of that city.

Antioch, Illinois
Official logo
Official logo
Nickname(s): 
"Gateway to the Chain O'Lakes"[1]
Motto(s): 
"Authentic by Nature"
Location of Antioch in Lake County, Illinois.
Location of Antioch in Lake County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 42°28′45″N 88°5′27″W / 42.47917°N 88.09083°W / 42.47917; -88.09083Coordinates: 42°28′45″N 88°5′27″W / 42.47917°N 88.09083°W / 42.47917; -88.09083
Country United States
State Illinois
CountyLake
TownshipAntioch
Settled1830s
Government
 • MayorScott J. Gartner[3]
Area
 • Total8.58 sq mi (22.23 km2)
 • Land8.20 sq mi (21.23 km2)
 • Water0.39 sq mi (1.01 km2)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total14,622[2]
 • Density1,729.71/sq mi (667.83/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
60002
Area code(s)847
FIPS code17-01595
Per capita income:$36,353 (2014)[5]
Home value:$218,800 (2014)[5]
Websitewww.antioch.il.gov

HistoryEdit

Native American historyEdit

The Pottawatomi Tribe historically inhabited Antioch prior to European settlement.[6] The tribe began leaving the area in the 1830s although remnants can still be found today.[7]

The first permanent European settlement in Antioch was a cabin on Sequoit Creek, a tributary of the Fox River, by Darius and Thomas Gage. In 1839, Hiram Buttrick built a sawmill along the creek, making Antioch a center of commerce. In 1976, a replica of the mill was built a few hundred feet downstream from where it once stood.[8]

The name “Sequoit” has no relation with any historic Native American tribe in the area as the word is derived from the Iroquois word “sa-da-quoit,” meaning "smooth pebbles in the bed of a stream".[9] Today, many local businesses and organizations as well as Antioch Community High School use the name.

European settlementEdit

Antioch was officially founded just prior to the Civil War by a congregation of the Disciples of Christ. In 1843, the residents gave the settlement the biblical name “Antioch”.[10] Partly due to being a regional center of the abolitionist movement, Antioch is noted as having sent a disproportionately high number of its young men to the Union Army.[citation needed] The town grew as new settlers, primarily of English and German descent, established farms and businesses.[6]

By the late 1800s, Antioch became a popular vacation spot for Chicagoans and tourism grew quickly once the rail line to Chicago was laid in 1886. Fire destroyed much of downtown in 1891, 1903, and 1904.[11] During Prohibition, Al Capone owned a summer home on nearby Bluff Lake.[6] Following World War II, Antioch continued to see a steady population and economic increase, and an industrial park was created in the 1970s.

Today, Antioch serves as a bedroom community within the Chicago metropolitan and Milwaukee metropolitan area.

GeographyEdit

Antioch is approximately halfway between Chicago and Milwaukee at 42°28′45″N 88°5′27″W / 42.47917°N 88.09083°W / 42.47917; -88.09083 (42.479069, -88.090878).[12]

According to the 2010 census, Antioch has an area of 8.595 square miles (22.26 km2), of which 8.21 square miles (21.26 km2) (or 95.52%) is land and 0.385 square miles (1.00 km2) (or 4.48%) water.[13][14]

The village lies in a gently rolling moraine landscape, dominated by lakes of glacial origin. Among these are the Antioch Lake, south of the village center, Lake Marie, west of the village center and the Redwing Slough Lake, east of the village center. There are several smaller lakes and ponds, and a complement of wetlands.

ClimateEdit

Like Chicago, Antioch lies in a humid continental climate zone and experiences four distinct seasons. Antioch receives an average of 36.74 inches (933 mm) of precipitation each year.[15]

Climate data for Antioch, IL (1981-2010; extremes 1901–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 63
(17)
70
(21)
86
(30)
90
(32)
94
(34)
100
(38)
105
(41)
104
(40)
102
(39)
89
(32)
78
(26)
68
(20)
105
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 29.0
(−1.7)
33.0
(0.6)
43.8
(6.6)
57.1
(13.9)
68.1
(20.1)
78.0
(25.6)
82.1
(27.8)
80.6
(27.0)
73.3
(22.9)
60.9
(16.1)
46.8
(8.2)
33.1
(0.6)
57.2
(14.0)
Average low °F (°C) 13.9
(−10.1)
17.3
(−8.2)
26.8
(−2.9)
37.5
(3.1)
47.4
(8.6)
57.4
(14.1)
62.5
(16.9)
61.3
(16.3)
53.4
(11.9)
41.0
(5.0)
31.1
(−0.5)
18.6
(−7.4)
39.0
(3.9)
Record low °F (°C) −29
(−34)
−25
(−32)
−15
(−26)
6
(−14)
23
(−5)
33
(1)
41
(5)
38
(3)
27
(−3)
17
(−8)
−6
(−21)
−24
(−31)
−29
(−34)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.60
(41)
1.48
(38)
2.09
(53)
3.21
(82)
4.24
(108)
4.71
(120)
3.57
(91)
4.08
(104)
3.54
(90)
3.09
(78)
2.75
(70)
2.32
(59)
36.68
(934)
Source: NOAA [16]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880134
1890303126.1%
190052272.3%
191068230.7%
192077513.6%
19301,10142.1%
19401,098−0.3%
19501,30719.0%
19602,26873.5%
19703,18940.6%
19804,41938.6%
19906,10538.2%
20008,78843.9%
201014,43064.2%
202014,6221.3%
Decennial US Census

As of the 2010 United States Census,[17] there were 14,430 people living in the village. The racial makeup of the village was 88.79% White, 3.08% Black or African American, 3.73% Asian, 0.17% Native American, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 2.04% of some other race and 2.09% of two or more races. 8.53% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[18] of 2000, there were 8,788 people, 3,235 households, and 2,351 families living in the village. The population density was 1,190.4 people per square mile (459.8/km2). There were 3,346 housing units at an average density of 453.2 per square mile (175.1/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 95.19% White, 1.07% African American, 0.35% Native American, 1.16% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.08% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.42% of the population.

There were 3,235 households, out of which 41.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.3% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 29.9% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 8.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $56,481, and the median income for a family was $66,589. Males had a median income of $51,503 versus $31,389 for females. The per capita income for the village was $25,711. About 2.3% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.

EconomyEdit

Since 1996, Metra's North Central Service has played an increasingly important role in Antioch's development. Weekday train service to and from Chicago has given rise to new commercial development near the train depot. The village continues to undergo commercial and residential growth, mostly along the Illinois Route 173 corridor.[19]

Antioch is home to the Pickard China factory which makes fine china for Air Force One, Camp David, and others.[20][21]

Downtown Antioch is home to distinctive clothing boutiques, eateries, bars, gift and décor shops, and specialty shops. It also hosts concerts in a bandshell, craft fairs, parades, festivals, art walks, gardening tours and more.[22]

Arts and cultureEdit

Antioch has been home to the Palette, Masque and Lyre, Inc. (PM&L) Performing Arts theatre since 1960.[23] In addition, the Antioch Fine Arts Foundation (AFAF),[24] serving Antioch, Greater Lake County, IL and Southeast WI since 2001. AFAF is a not-for-profit organization whose function is to coordinate and promote area arts programs. AFAF offers a gallery, regular special exhibits, an artists' library, classes, workshops, and other special events. Membership is open to artists, patrons of the arts, and anyone interested in art appreciation. The AFAF Gallery is a not-for-profit gallery staffed by member volunteers. The gallery displays work by area artists and presents exhibits of unique diversity and excellence. Throughout the year, the gallery hosts special receptions and openings for artists' new works. The AFAF Gallery is conveniently located at 983 Main Street, Antioch, Illinois 60002 (corner of Main (Rt. 83) and Ida). AFAF Gallery also hosts a casual folk music presentation on the second Saturday of every month from 1 to 4 pm. The music is free, and open to the public.[citation needed]

LibraryEdit

The Antioch Public Library is located at 757 Main Street (Route 83). The collection of the library contains 135,716 volumes and circulates 371,105 items per year.[25]

The Antioch Public Library began as an Antioch Women's Club project in 1921. Initially the Women's Club raised funds for the establishment of a village library and the residents donated books for the library. This first village library was located at 934 Main Street and was open only two days a week. In 1922 the library was moved to the Antioch Village Hall at 875 Main Street. In 1930 the library was moved again to the corner of Main Street and Depot Street. In 1941, the Library was moved again to 883 Main Street. In 1950 William Schroeder family donated the property located at 757 Main Street to the Village of Antioch for use as a library. The new library building was officially opened in 1970. In August 2001 construction began of an 18,000-square-foot addition to the Antioch Public Library facility. The construction was completed in January 2003.[26]

RecreationEdit

The Chain O'Lakes found along the Fox River, serves as an aquatic mecca for boating and summer leisure while skiing and snowmobiling abound during the winter months. Along with neighboring Fox Lake, Antioch has become host to numerous pro and amateur national fishing tournaments.

Kite flying is also a popular sporting event on Loon Lake during Labor Day Weekend. Currently, the Swiss Kiting Federation holds the record for the longest kite flight of 1 hour and 24 minutes.[27] The village is bordered by four holdings of the Lake County Forest Preserve District, an award-winning and nationally recognized land conservation organization.[28]

Pools
  • Village of Antioch Pool
Golf courses
  • Antioch Golf Club
Lakes
  • Antioch Lake
  • Cross Lake
  • Lake Marie
  • Redwing Slough Lake
  • Silver Lake
  • Homer White Lake
Parks
  • North Park
  • Jensen Park
  • Gage Brothers Park
  • Woods of Antioch Park
  • Tiffany Farms Park
  • Centennial Park
  • Osmond Park
  • Sprenger Park
  • Village Park
  • Pedersen Park

GovernmentEdit

Elected officialsEdit

The village of Antioch is a non-home rule municipality which functions under the council-manager form of government with a village President and a six-member Board of Trustees, all of whom are elected to four-year terms. The Village President and three of the Trustees are elected every four years. The other group of three Trustees are also elected for four-year terms, but this election is staggered and takes place two years after the first group.

Name Profession Term Notes
Scott J. Gartner Village mayor 2021-2025
Mary C. Dominiak Village trustee 2019-2023
Mary J. Pedersen Village trustee 2021-2023
Petrina Burman Village trustee 2021-2025
Ed Macek Village trustee 2019-2023
Scott A. Pierce Village trustee 2021-2025
Brent Bluthard Village trustee 2021-2025

SchoolsEdit

Public schools

Elementary Schools

Middle Schools

High School (9-12)

Private schoolsEdit

Private middle schools:

  • Faith Evangelical Lutheran School (Grades PK-8)

InfrastructureEdit

Transportation and TransitEdit

 
The Metra train station near downtown Antioch.

Metra service is provided from Antioch to Chicago Union Station via the North Central Service. Bus service within Antioch and throughout Lake County is provided by Pace.

Western Kenosha County Transit Route 2 serves parts of Antioch Monday-Saturday, connecting riders to several towns, villages and unincorporated municipalities throughout Kenosha County. Riders can also transfer to Route 1 and Route 3 to travel to Kenosha and Lake Geneva, respectively.

Antioch is located approximately 43 miles north of Chicago O'Hare International Airport and 40 miles south of General Mitchell International Airport in Milwaukee.

Major streetsEdit

Several major highways and state routes cross over and travel around Antioch.

Sign Route number Local name Location description
  Illinois Route 83 Main Street Crosses through the town center
  Illinois Route 59 Lake Street ends at the center of Antioch at the junction with Illinois Route 173
  Illinois Route 173 Kenosha Street Runs W-E through the Village and Township of Antioch.
  U.S. Route 45 Runs N-S along the eastern edge of town, from Lindenhurst to WI.
North Avenue Runs W-E on the "North" side of town, from a neighborhood, entering Wadsworth.
Depot Street Runs W-E, from downtown, ending at Deep Lake Rd.
Deep Lake Road Runs N-S, from Grand Ave in Lake Villa to WI border.
Grass Lake Road Runs W-E from Fox Lake, on southern edge, passes through Lake Villa and goes to Milburn.


Public safetyEdit

The Antioch Police Department (APD) is responsible for law enforcement in Antioch.

The Antioch Fire Department provides fire and emergency medical services with contract service, part time and paid on call firefighters and Paramedics. The fire department currently uses 3 fire stations to house its different equipment, and all 3 are staffed with personnel. Antioch Fire Department has an array of equipment to use including several engines, 2 water tenders, 2 boats including an air boat, and a six-wheeled vehicle to access hard to reach areas. Antioch Fire Dept. also owns several pieces of special equipment including new state of the art extrication equipment used to extricate injured people from wrecked cars. The Antioch First Fire Protection District was the first organized fire protection district in the state. The Fire Department also has an Explorer post for youths ages 15 to 20 interested in making the fire service a career.[29]

Until 2014, EMS was provided by the volunteer Antioch Rescue Squad. The Antioch Rescue Squad was the first licensed paramedic unit in the State of Illinois.[citation needed]

The police department and the fire department are housed in separate buildings next to each other. The Antioch Village Board elected to close the communication center in 2012, electing to outsource all of its 911 emergency dispatch service (Police, Fire, and Rescue) to another center located in Round Lake Beach.[citation needed] In March 1993, the Antioch Police Department became a part of the Lake County Enhanced 911 system.[citation needed]


Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Village of Antioch". visitlakecounty.org. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  2. ^ "QuickFacts Antioch village, Illinois; United States". census.gov. Retrieved 16 August 2021.
  3. ^ Zawislak, Mick (7 April 2021). "'This town was ready for change': Gartner ends Hanson's 12-year tenure as Antioch mayor". Daily Herald. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  4. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
  5. ^ a b https://local.niche.com/antioch-lake-il/
  6. ^ a b c Village of Antioch - History Archived March 27, 2005, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Carpender, Jesse (6 September 2013). "Native American history alive in Lake County". Shaw Media. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  8. ^ "Hometown Historic: Hiram Buttrick Sawmill". connectionsmag.com. 10 April 2020. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  9. ^ Horton, Johnny (3 November 2014). "What Does "Sequoit" Mean?". sequoitmedia.com. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  10. ^ "History". antiochil.gov. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  11. ^ "Photo gallery: A history of Antioch". chicagotribune.com. Chicago Tribune. 29 November 2013. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  13. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-08-01.
  14. ^ "Illinois: 2000; 2000 Census of Population and Housing" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. October 2003.
  15. ^ "Monthly Weather Averages for the Village of Antioch". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-10-13.
  16. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 4, 2012.
  17. ^ "Antioch, IL Population - Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts - CensusViewer". censusviewer.com. Retrieved 2020-01-28.
  18. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  19. ^ "ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT". antioch.il.gov. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  20. ^ Koncius, Jura (January 8, 2009). "To Serve Twin Needs, White House Unveils a China Accord". Washington Post. The Bush White House has adopted a two-china policy. Laura Bush unveiled not one but two new sets of china yesterday:
  21. ^ Pierri, Vincent. "Antioch's Pickard China creating Obama pieces". Antioch Daily Herald. Whether it's campaign buttons, posters, historic front pages of newspapers or bobblehead dolls, it seems anything with an image of President-elect Barack Obama is a hot collectible.
  22. ^ "Downtown Antioch". antiochchamber.org.
  23. ^ "About Us". pmltheatre.com. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  24. ^ Antioch Fine Arts Foundation (Home)
  25. ^ "Antioch Public Library District -- Antioch, IL". librarytechnology.org. Retrieved 2020-01-28.
  26. ^ "Antiochdistrictlibrary.org". antiochdistrictlibrary.org. Retrieved 2020-01-28.
  27. ^ "Antioch Library- Antioch Illinois". Archived from the original on 2017-03-07. Retrieved 2017-03-07.
  28. ^ Preserves - Lake County Forest Preserves - Illinois Archived April 27, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  29. ^ "Antioch Fire Explorer Post 2100". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 2020-01-28.
  30. ^ Rackl, Lori (2013-06-05). "Antioch resident Tiffany Brooks has designs on being next 'HGTV Star'". The Daily Sizzle. Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on 2013-10-18. Retrieved 2013-09-16.
  31. ^ "Paul DeJong Minor & Fall Leagues Statistics & History | Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2017-06-01.
  32. ^ "Jim McMillen Stats". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020-01-28.
  33. ^ "Kyle Rittenhouse, Antioch teen charged with murder in Kenosha protest shootings, pleads not guilty". ABC News. WLS-TV. 5 January 2021. Retrieved 10 August 2021.

External linksEdit