Angulimala (2003 film)
Angulimala (Thai: องคุลิมาล, or Ongkulimal; RTGS: Ongkhuliman) is a 2003 Thai fantasy-adventure-drama film based on the Buddhist-scripture story of Angulimala as interpreted by the director and actors of the film. The film is directed by Sutape Tunnirut and stars Peter Noppachai Jayanama as Angulimala, Stella Malucchi as Nantha, John Rattanaveroj as Vikul, Alisa as Mantanee and Catherina Grosse. The story is a tale of redemption for the character, who embarks on a series of killings in which he murders 999 people (the Buddha was to be his 1,000th kill), collecting a finger from each victim and wearing the fingers in a garland around his neck. Later, when he realizes he was tricked into his wrongdoings, he tries to atone for his sins by becoming a Buddhist . The film was controversial on its release in Thailand, with religious leaders, local public and government officials arguing it was a distortion of Buddhist teachings.
|Directed by||Sutape Tunnirut|
|Written by||Sutape Tunnirut|
|Produced by||Adirek Watleela|
|Starring||Peter Noppachai Jayanama |
|Distributed by||Film Bangkok |
Born a Brahmin, Ahimsaka is studying under a guru when he sees a woman named Nantha attempting to commit suicide by jumping off a cliff. He saves her, but later learns that Nantha was intended to be the bride of his teacher.
The teacher, angered by Ahimsaka's attention to his wife-to-be, tells his student that the only way he will attain enlightenment is to kill 1,000 people. This sets Ahimsaka off on a life as a highwayman, and at first he seeks to kill only bandits and other evildoers. To keep track of his victims, he takes a finger from the right hand of each, and wears the fingers around his neck, thus earning him the name Angulimala, "the wearer of a garland of fingers." He struggles to find 1,000 victims, so he resorts to killing all who cross his path. Nantha, wanting to stop the killing, tries to kill Ahimsaka, but only succeeds in killing herself.
Religious leaders and Buddhists called for the film to be banned, voicing concerns that it distorted Buddhist teachings, showed them in bad light and glorified violence. The film was initially blocked from release by government censors, who demanded the film be re-edited for the concerns of the public in Thailand most of which are Buddhist and not Christians.
Some violent scenes were removed and the film's tagline was changed. It was then viewed by revered monk Phra Phisan Dhammavadhi, who had earlier called for the film to be banned, and found acceptable.
Nonetheless, Angulimala won at the Thailand National Film Association Awards for best costumes, best visual effects and best supporting actress for Alisa Kajornchaiyakul. It was screened at the 26th Moscow International Film Festival in 2004, where it was in competition for a Golden St. George. It also screened at the Asian Film Festival of Paris in 2004.
- Pretty spiritual, The Nation, April 4, 2003 (retrieved on January 21, 2007).
- House panel wants changes to film, The Nation, March 20, 2003 (retrieved on January 21, 2007).
- Movie based on Buddhist teachings needs new title, Bangkok Post, April 2, 2003 (retrieved via Buddhist News Archive on January 22, 2003).
- No sex in this city state, The Nation, October 14, 2003 (retrieved on January 21, 2007).
- Monk wants film banned,The Nation, April 1, 2003 (retrieved on January 21, 2007).
- Censorship woes delay film's debut, The Nation, April 3, 2003 (retrieved on January 21, 2007).
- Classic tale retold, The Nation, March 21, 2003 (retrieved on January 21, 2007).
- Box office blues, The Nation, July 3, 2003 (retrieved on January 21, 2007).
- "26th Moscow International Film Festival (2004)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2013-04-06.
- Piracy on the pavements, The Nation, February 26, 2004 (retrieved on January 21, 2007).