The Alinda asteroids are a dynamical group of asteroids with a semi-major axis of about 2.5 AU and an orbital eccentricity approximately between 0.4 and 0.65. The namesake is 887 Alinda, discovered by Max Wolf in 1918.
These objects are held in this region by the 1:3 orbital resonance with Jupiter (2.502 AU), which results in their being close to a 4:1 resonance with Earth (2.520 AU). An object in this resonance has its orbital eccentricity steadily increased by gravitational interactions with Jupiter until it eventually has a close encounter with an inner planet that breaks the resonance.
One consequence of this is that if an Alinda asteroid happens to be in an unfavorable position for viewing at the time of its close approach to Earth (for instance, at a small elongation from the Sun), then this situation can persist for decades. Indeed, as of 2010, the Alinda asteroid 1915 Quetzálcoatl had been observed only once since 1985.
Another consequence is that some of these asteroids make repeated relatively close approaches to Earth, making them good subjects for study by Earth-based radar. Examples are 4179 Toutatis and 6489 Golevka, as well as 2019 MO, which impacted Earth in June 2019.
The 3:1 resonance with Jupiter causes a repeating growth in the eccentricity of the asteroid's orbit. Dynamically young members have an eccentricity ranging from about 0.30 to 0.34 staying mostly in the asteroid belt ranging 1.7–3.4 AU from the Sun. Older members such as 8709 Kadlu have an eccentricities between 0.465 and 0.475 and cross the orbit of Mars. (8709 Kadlu makes approaches close enough to Jupiter, Mars, and Earth to be gravitationally nudged.) The oldest members with eccentricities between 0.57 and 0.75 cross the orbit of Earth. 3360 Syrinx is the most eccentric of the Alinda group with an eccentricity of 0.7 and the orbit has a dynamically short life expectancy.
List of members
|887 Alinda||2.48422||0.56356||JPL · MPC|
|1429 Pemba||2.55185||0.33858||JPL · MPC|
|1550 Tito||2.54673||0.30984||JPL · MPC|
|1607 Mavis||2.54783||0.30741||JPL · MPC|
|1915 Quetzálcoatl||2.54207||0.57170||JPL · MPC|
|2608 Seneca||2.5035||0.57620||JPL · MPC|
|3360 Syrinx||2.46803||0.74295||JPL · MPC|
|3628 Božněmcová||2.53691||0.30052||JPL · MPC|
|3806 Tremaine||2.54058||0.31301||JPL · MPC|
|4179 Toutatis||2.51005||0.63423||JPL · MPC|
|5847 Wakiya||2.54442||0.30086||JPL · MPC|
|5864 Montgolfier||2.55866||0.32007||JPL · MPC|
|6318 Cronkite||2.51002||0.46522||JPL · MPC|
|(6322) 1991 CQ||2.51628||0.47349||JPL · MPC|
|6489 Golevka||2.50768||0.60382||JPL · MPC|
|(6491) 1991 OA||2.50959||0.58946||JPL · MPC|
|7092 Cadmus||2.52493||0.70202||JPL · MPC|
|7345 Happer||2.45047||0.32467||JPL · MPC|
|(7568) 1988 VJ2||2.52739||0.33216||JPL · MPC|
|(7569) 1989 BK||2.54950||0.30348||JPL · MPC|
|7638 Gladman||2.53634||0.31606||JPL · MPC|
|(8201) 1994 AH2||2.53362||0.70851||JPL · MPC|
|8709 Kadlu||2.53497||0.48432||JPL · MPC|
|(9047) 1991 QF||2.52479||0.31661||JPL · MPC|