Year 526 (DXXVI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Olybrius without colleague (or, less frequently, year 1279 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 526 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
|Ab urbe condita||1279|
|Balinese saka calendar||447–448|
|Chinese calendar||乙巳年 (Wood Snake)|
3222 or 3162
— to —
丙午年 (Fire Horse)
3223 or 3163
|- Vikram Samvat||582–583|
|- Shaka Samvat||447–448|
|- Kali Yuga||3626–3627|
|Iranian calendar||96 BP – 95 BP|
|Islamic calendar||99 BH – 98 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1386 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||837/838 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1068–1069|
652 or 271 or −501
— to —
653 or 272 or −500
- August 30 – King Theodoric the Great dies of dysentery at Ravenna; his daughter Amalasuintha takes power as regent for her 10-year-old son Athalaric.
- Amalasuintha rules the Ostrogothic Kingdom that extends throughout the Italian Peninsula, Dalmatia, Sicily, Sardinia and Corsica.
- Amalaric, age 24, becomes king of the Visigoths, and assumes full royal power.
- Roman–Persian Wars: King Kavad I, assisted by his Arabian vassal, Al-Mundhir III, begins a campaign in the Transcaucasus region and Upper Mesopotamia.
- Probably between May 20 and May 29 – 526 Antioch earthquake: A great earthquake kills approximately 250,000 people in Syria and Antioch.
- Pope John I returns to Ravenna from Constantinople. Theodoric the Great finds that he has been only partly successful in persuading the Byzantine emperor Justin I to withdraw his edict against Arian Christianity, and throws the pope into prison.
- May 18 – John I dies of starvation after a 3-year reign. Theodoric the Great selects Pope Felix IV as the 54th pope.
- Ecclesius, bishop of Ravenna, commissions two new churches, one for Ravenna and one for its port, Classis.
- c. 526–547 – Sanctuary apse's mosaic showing Christ enthroned and flanked by Saint Vitalis and Ecclesius, Basilica of San Vitale (Ravenna) is made.