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Year 507 (DVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Anastasius and Venantius (or, less frequently, year 1260 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 507 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
|Ab urbe condita||1260|
|Balinese saka calendar||428–429|
|Chinese calendar||丙戌年 (Fire Dog)|
3203 or 3143
— to —
丁亥年 (Fire Pig)
3204 or 3144
|- Vikram Samvat||563–564|
|- Shaka Samvat||428–429|
|- Kali Yuga||3607–3608|
|Iranian calendar||115 BP – 114 BP|
|Islamic calendar||119 BH – 118 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1405 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||818/819 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1049–1050|
633 or 252 or −520
— to —
634 or 253 or −519
- Emperor Anastasius I completes the strategic fortress at Dara (Northern Mesopotamia). He raises the city walls to 30 feet (10 m) disregarding Persian protests. Alarmed by the depredations of Slavs and Bulgars in Thrace, he builds the Anastasian Wall from the Black Sea to Propontis, across the narrow peninsula near Constantinople (modern Turkey).
- Battle of Vouillé: A Frankish army under command of Clovis I invades the Visigothic Kingdom, and defeats king Alaric II near Poitiers. The Visigoths refuse to be enslaved and retreat to Septimania (Southern Gaul). Clovis annexes Aquitania and captures Toulouse.
- Gesalec succeeds his father Alaric II as king of the Visigoths. He establishes his residence at Narbonne and is supported by an alliance with the Ostrogothic king Theodoric the Great.
- Clovis I dictates the Salic Law (Code of the Barbaric Laws) to the Franks (a written codification of civil law for citizens of the Frankish Kingdom).
- Hermanafrid, king of the Thuringii, marries Amalaberga. He begins his rule, shared with his brothers Baderic and Bertachar.
- Wooden coffins and wooden tools are used in the burial places of the Alemanni.
- The town of Guilin, China, is renamed Guizhou.
- Keitai becomes the 26th emperor of Japan (approximate date).
- The first and smaller of the two Buddhas of Bamyan is erected in central Afghanistan.