84th Combat Sustainment Group
The 84th Combat Sustainment Group is an inactive United States Air Force (USAF) group last assigned to the 84th Combat Sustainment Wing at Hill Air Force Base, Utah, where it was inactivated in 2010. The group was formed in 1942 as the 84th Bombardment Group, one of the first dive bomber units in the United States Army Air Corps and tested the Vultee Vengeance, proving that aircraft unsuitable as a dive bomber. As an Operational Training Unit, it was the parent for several other bombardment groups, but from 1943 until it was disbanded in 1944, trained replacement aircrews as a Replacement Training Unit designated the 84th Fighter-Bomber Group.
|84th Combat Sustainment Group
|Active||1942–1944, 1949–1951, 1955–1963, 2005–2010|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Air Force Materiel Command|
Ogden Air Logistics Center
84th Combat Sustainment Wing
|Motto(s)||Cursum Perficio Latin|
(I Accomplish my Course)
|Emblem of the 84th Combat Sustainment Group[note 2]|
|84th Fighter Group emblem (Approved 22 January 1943)|
The group was again active as a fighter group from 1949 to 1951 in the Air Force Reserves, with no equipment of its own, but using that of the Regular 52d Fighter-All Weather Group until it was called to active duty in 1951 and its personnel used to man other units.
In 1955, as part of an Air Defense Command program to revive fighter units that had served in World War II, the group became the 84th Fighter Group (Air Defense) and served as the USAF host at Geiger Field and served in an air defense role in the northwestern United States until inactivating in 1963.
The group changed missions again, becoming a logistics unit when activated in 2006 as part of a major reorganization of Air Force Materiel Command (AFMC). It was inactivated in 2010, when this reorganization was reversed, and AFMC returned to a more traditional organization.
World War IIEdit
The group was activated in 1942 as the 84th Bombardment Group (Light) at Hunter Field, Georgia, and equipped with Douglas A-24 Banshee dive bombers. The 301st, 302d, 303d, and 304th Bombardment Squadrons were assigned. It received its initial cadre and equipment from the 3d Bombardment Group. The group was assigned the first Army Air Forces (AAF) squadron expressly designated for dive bombing. It operated briefly with Vultee V-72 (A-31 Vengeance) aircraft, but its operations showed this aircraft was unsuitable for dive bombing. The group served as the parent for several other light bombardment groups[note 3] and also trained pilots from Chile.
In 1943, the group was redesignated as the 84th Fighter-Bomber Group as were other AAF single engine bombardment groups, and re-equipped with Republic P-47 Thunderbolts. As a result of this redesignation, its squadrons were renumbered as the 496th, 497th, 498th, and 491st Fighter-Bomber Squadrons, respectively. During World War II, the 84th Group served as an Operational Training Unit (OTU) until October 1943. The OTU program involved the use of an oversized parent unit to provide cadres to "satellite groups." During the fall of 1943, group operations dwindled and by the end of September 1943 only five aircraft were assigned to the group.
The group then became a Replacement Training Unit (RTU) and also participated occasionally in demonstrations and maneuvers. RTUs were also oversized units, but with the mission of training individual pilots or aircrews. In performing this mission, the group assumed a split operation, with group headquarters and the 491st and 497th Squadrons moving to Harding Field, Louisiana, while the 496th and 498th Squadrons moved to Hammond Army Air Field, Louisiana in October and November 1943 and Abilene Army Air Field, Texas in February 1944.
However, the AAF found that standard military units, based on relatively inflexible tables of organization were proving less well adapted to the training mission in the US. Accordingly a more functional system was adopted in which each base was organized into a separate numbered unit. The group was, therefore, disbanded in April 1944 and replaced at Harding by the 236th AAF Base Unit (Combat Crew Training School, Fighter) as the Army Air Forces disbanded its units in the US that were not programmed to be transferred overseas. At the same time, the 261st AAF Base Unit (Combat Crew Training School, Fighter) took over the personnel, equipment and mission of the squadrons at Abilene.
Continental Air CommandEdit
The May 1949 Air Force Reserve program called for a new type of unit, the corollary unit, which was a reserve unit integrated with an active duty unit. The plan called for corollary units at 107 locations. It was viewed as the best method to train reservists by mixing them with an existing regular unit to perform duties alongside the regular unit.  As part of this program, the group was reconstituted as the 84th Fighter Group, All Weather and activated at Mitchel Air Force Base, New York in the Air Force Reserves to train as a fighter corollary unit of the 52d Fighter Group of the regular Air Force, moving with the 52d to McGuire Air Force Base, New Jersey a few months later. The group was apparently undermanned and thus performed very little training. During its only 2-week summer encampment (12–26 June 1950), the group had only four pilots capable of flying the 52d's North American F-82 Twin Mustangs provided for training the 84th. Like other corollary units, the 84th Group seems to have been poorly manned, and the parent 52d Fighter-All Weather Wing made little use of its corollary units, focusing on its combat mission instead. The 84th Group was ordered to active service on 1 June 1951, inactivated the next day, and its few people became "fillers" for the 52d Wing or, if there was no vacancy in the 52d, for other USAF units.
Air Defense CommandEdit
The group was redesignated the 84th Fighter Group (Air Defense) and reactivated in 1955 at Geiger Field, WA to replace the 530th Air Defense Group as part of Air Defense Command's Project Arrow, which was designed to bring back on the active list the fighter units which had compiled memorable records in the two world wars. It was assigned the 497th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron (FIS), which moved to Geiger from Portland International Airport and the newly activated 498th FIS. These two squadrons took over the equipment and personnel of the inactivating 440th FIS and 520th FIS. Both squadrons flew radar equipped and Mighty Mouse rocket armed North American F-86 Sabres.
The group provided air defense and acted as USAF host organization at Geiger. It was assigned several support organizations to perform its host duties, including communications, base operations, law enforcement, housing and food services. In February 1957, the 498th FIS upgraded to Convair F-102 Delta Daggers, which were equipped with data link for interception control through the Semi-Automatic Ground Environment system. The 497th FIS, however, continued to fly Sabres until it moved to Europe in June 1958 and was reassigned away from the group. In July 1959, the group again upgraded to Convair F-106 Delta Darts.
On 22 October 1962, before President John F. Kennedy told Americans that missiles were in place in Cuba, the group dispersed a portion of its force, equipped with nuclear tipped missiles to Paine Air Force Base at the start of the Cuban Missile Crisis. These planes returned after the crisis. The group was inactivated shortly thereafter, in July 1963 and its combat squadron transferred to McChord Air Force Base, Washington and the 325th Fighter Wing (Air Defense).
The group was reactivated in 2005 as a logistics support group at Hill Air Force Base, Utah as part of Air Force Materiel Command reorganization, which replaced that command's traditional staff agency organizations with wings and groups. It added component squadrons the following year. The 84th Combat Sustainment Group developed, acquired, and sustained nineteen major command, control, communication, and intelligence systems, space ground segments and presidential telecommunications systems. It served the National Command Authority, the Services, combatant commands, federal agencies, and foreign sales customers. It managed systems valued at over $3.5B and provided spare parts for fielded systems worldwide. In 2010 the group was inactivated when AFMC returned to its traditional organization.
- Constituted as the 84th Bombardment Group (Light) on 13 January 1942
- Activated on 10 February 1942
- Redesignated 84th Bombardment Group (Dive) 27 July 1942[note 6]
- Redesignated 84th Fighter-Bomber Group 10 August 1943[note 7]
- Disbanded on 1 April 1944
- Reconstituted and redesignated 84th Fighter Group, All Weather on 26 May 1949
- Activated in the Reserve on 1 June 1949
- Redesignated 84th Fighter All-Weather Group on 1 March 1950
- Ordered into active service on 1 June 1951
- Inactivated on 2 June 1951.
- Redesignated 84th Fighter Group (Air Defense) on 20 June 1955
- Redesignated 84th Tactical Fighter Group on 31 July 1985 (remained inactive)
- Redesignated 84th Space and Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence Sustainment Group 15 January 2005
- Activated 24 February 2005
- Redesignated 84th Combat Sustainment Group 28 April 2006
- Inactivated 30 June 2010
- III Ground Air Support Command (later III Air Support Command), 10 February 1942
- 72d Bombardment Operational Training Wing (later 72d Fighter Wing), 20 August 1943 – 1 April 1944
- 84th Fighter Wing, All Weather (later 84th Fighter All-Weather Wing), 1 June 1949 – 1 June 1951
- 9th Air Division, 18 August 1955
- 25th Air Division, 15 August 1958
- 4700th Air Defense Wing, 1 September 1958
- Spokane Air Defense Sector, 15 May 1960 – 15 July 1963
- 84th Combat Sustainment Wing, 24 February 2005 – 30 June 2010
- 301st Bombardment Squadron (later 496th Fighter-Bomber Squadron, 496th Fighter Squadron, All Weather, 496th Fighter All-Weather Squadron): 10 February 1942 – 1 April 1944; 1 June 1949 – 2 June 1951
- 302d Bombardment Squadron (later 497th Fighter-Bomber Squadron, 497th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron): 10 February 1942 – 1 April 1944; 18 August 1955 – 5 July 1958
- 303d Bombardment Squadron (later 498th Fighter-Bomber Squadron, 498th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron): 10 February 1942 – 1 April 1944; 18 August 1955 – 15 July 1963
- 304th Bombardment Squadron (later 491st Fighter-Bomber Squadron): 10 February 1942 – 1 April 1944
- Vultee V-72 Vengeance, 1942
- Douglas A-24 Dauntless, 1942–1943
- Bell P-39 Airacobra, 1943
- Republic P-47 Thunderbolt, 1943–1944
- North American F-82 Twin Mustang, 1949–1951
- North American F-86D Sabre, 1955–1958
- Convair F-102A Delta Dagger, 1957–1959
- Convair TF-102B Delta Dagger, 1957–1959
- F-106A Delta Dart 1959–1963
|American Theater without inscription||10 February 1942 – 1 April 1944||84th Bombardment Group (later 84th Fighter-Bomber Group)|
- Aircraft are Convair F-106A-80-CO serials 57-2470 and 57-2481 and F-106A-75-CO serial 57-2462. 57-2481 was converted to a QF-106 and was shot down by an AIM-120 on 25 July 1995. 57-2470 was at the Pima Air Museum by 28 January 1991 then converted to a QF-106 and shot down by AIM-120 on 1 February 1994. 57-2462 crashed on 21 December 1961.
- Group uses wing emblem with group name on scroll. AFI 84-105, paragraph 3.3.3.
- These units were the 85th, 311th, 312th, 319th, 405th and 407th Bombardment Groups Abstract, 84 Bombardment Group 1943 History.
- Aircraft is North American F-82F Twin Mustang serial 46-414 assigned to the 2d Fighter All Weather Squadron
- Aircraft is Convair F-102A-55-CO Delta Dagger serial 56-1044 at Geiger Field, Washington in 1956
- This is the date its component squadrons were redesignated as Dive Bomber Squadrons. Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 591–600.
- This is the date its component squadrons were redesignated as Fighter-Bomber Squadrons. Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 591–600.
- Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 150–151
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 598
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 599–600
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp.600–602
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 591–592
- "Abstract, History 84 Bombardment Group to Jul 1943". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- Craven & Cate, Vol. VI, Introduction, p. xxxvi
- "Abstract, History 84 Fighter-Bomber Group Jan 1942 – Sep 1943". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
- Craven & Cate, Vol. VI, p. 75
- "Abstract, History Harding Field, Louisiana Apr 1944". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Abstract, History Abilene AAF, Texas, Apr 1944". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
- Cantwell, p. 73
- Cantwell, pp. 79, 110
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 82
- Buss, et al., p.6
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 545
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 624
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 130
- "Abstract, History 84 Air Base Squadron 1958". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 145
- "Abstract, History 84 Infirmary Jul [sic]-Dec 1955". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
- McMullen, pp. 10–12
- "Ogden Air Logistics Center Briefing" (PDF). Ogden ALC Public Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 September 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
- Air Force Organization Status Change Report June 2010, Research Division, Air Force Historical Research Agency, Maxwell AFB, AL
- Lineage information, including stations, components and aircraft through 1958 from Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 150–151
- Department of the Air Force/MPM Letter 648q, 31 July 1985, Subject: Reconstitution, Redesignation, and Consolidation of Selected Air Force Organizations
- Air Force Organization Status Change Report Feb 2005, Research Division, Air Force Historical Research Agency, Maxwell AFB, AL
- Air Force Organization Status Change Report April 2006, Research Division, Air Force Historical Research Agency, Maxwell AFB, AL
- "Abstract, History 3 Reconnaissance Command to 30 Sep 1943". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 28 April 2015. (All bombardment units transferred from III Air Support Command when redesignated III Reconnaissance Command 18 August 1943.)
- See Maurer, Combat Units, p. 441
- See Maurer, Combat Units, p. 406 (Activation of wing and assignment of groups.)
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 74
- Robertson, Patsy (20 June 2011). "Factsheet 497 Combat Training Flight (PACAF)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Archived from the original on 14 September 2011. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Abstract, History 84 Dispensary Jan–Jun 1963". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 137
- Buss, Lydus H.(ed), Sturm, Thomas A., Volan, Denys, and McMullen, Richard F., History of Continental Air Defense Command and Air Defense Command July to December 1955, Directorate of Historical Services, Air Defense Command, Ent AFB, CO, (1956)
- Cantwell, Gerald T. (1997). Citizen Airmen: a History of the Air Force Reserve, 1946–1994. Washington, D.C.: Air Force History and Museums Program. ISBN 0-16049-269-6. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
- Cornett, Lloyd H; Johnson, Mildred W (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946–1980 (PDF). Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center.
- Craven, Wesley F; Cate, James L, eds. (1955). The Army Air Forces in World War II. Vol. VI, Men & Planes. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press. LCCN 48-3657.
|volume=has extra text (help)
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.
- McMullen, Richard F. (1964) "The Fighter Interceptor Force 1962–1964" ADC Historical Study No. 27, Air Defense Command, Ent Air Force Base, CO (Confidential, declassified 22 March 2000)
- Air Force Instruction 84-105, Organizational Lineage, Honors and Heraldry, 19 March 2013
- Leonard, Barry (2009). History of Strategic Air and Ballistic Missile Defense (PDF). Vol II, 1955–1972. Fort McNair, DC: Center for Military History. ISBN 978-1-4379-2131-1.
|volume=has extra text (help)
- Ravenstein, Charles A (1984). Air Force Combat Wings, Lineage & Honors Histories 1947–1977. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.
- Redmond, Kent C.; Smith, Thomas M. (2000). From Whirlwind to MITRE: The R&D Story of The SAGE Air Defense Computer. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-262-18201-0.