7th century BC

The 7th century BC began the first day of 700 BC and ended the last day of 601 BC.

Map of the Neo-Assyrian Empire in its apex in 671 BC
Millennium: 1st millennium BC
State leaders:
Categories: Births – Deaths
Establishments – Disestablishments

The Neo-Assyrian Empire continued to dominate the Near East during this century, exercising formidable power over neighbors like Babylon and Egypt. In the last two decades of the century, however, the empire began to unravel as numerous enemies made alliances and waged war from all sides. The Assyrians finally left the world stage permanently when their capital Nineveh was destroyed in 612 BC. These events gave rise to the Neo-Babylonian Empire, which would dominate the region for much of the following century.

The Zhou Dynasty continues in China and the Late Period begins in Egypt with the 26th dynasty starting with the coronation of Psamtik I.


A 16th-century depiction of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, by Martin Heemskerck, with Tower of Babel in the background.

690s BC

680s BC

670s BC

660s BC

650s BC

640s BC

630s BC

620s BC

610s BC

The Fall of Nineveh, by John Martin

600s BC

Significant people



Inventions, discoveries, introductions

Sovereign States

See: List of sovereign states in the 7th century BC.

Decades and years


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  3. Potts, D. T. (1999) "The Archaeology of Elam: Formation and Transformation of an Ancient Iranian State" (Cambridge World Archaeology)
  4. "Nebuchadnezzar II | Biography, Accomplishments, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
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