434 Hungaria

Hungaria (minor planet designation: 434 Hungaria) is a relatively small asteroid orbiting in the inner asteroid belt. It is an E-type (high-albedo) asteroid. It is the namesake of the Hungaria asteroids, which orbit the Sun on the inside of the 1:4 Kirkwood gap, standing out of the core of the asteroid belt.[3]

434 Hungaria
Discovered byMax Wolf
Discovery date11 September 1898
(434) Hungaria
Named after
1898 DR
Asteroid belt (Hungaria)
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 31 July 2016 (JD 2457600.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc117.58 yr (42946 d)
Aphelion2.0878 AU (312.33 Gm)
Perihelion1.8011 AU (269.44 Gm)
1.9444 AU (290.88 Gm)
2.71 yr (990.34 d)
0° 21m 48.636s / day
Physical characteristics
Dimensions~11 km[2]
26.521 h (1.1050 d)[1]

    It was discovered by Max Wolf on 11 September 1898 at the University of Heidelberg. It was named after Hungary, which hosted an astronomical meeting in 1898 in Budapest.[4]

    It is thought that there may be a genetic connection between 434 Hungaria and 3103 Eger and the aubrites.[4]

    See also


    1. "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 434 Hungaria (1898 DR)" (last observation: 2015-11-21). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
    2. Shepard, Michael K.; Kressler, Karelyn M. (2008). "Radar observations of E-class Asteroids 44 Nysa and 434 Hungaria". Icarus. 195 (1): 220–225. Bibcode:2008Icar..195..220S. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2007.12.018.
    3. Spratt, Christopher E. (April 1990). "The Hungaria group of minor planets". Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada (abstract). 84 (2): 123–131. Bibcode:1990JRASC..84..123S. ISSN 0035-872X.
    4. Kelley, Michael S.; Gaffey, Michael J. (December 2002). "High-albedo asteroid 434 Hungaria: Spectrum, composition and genetic connections". Meteoritics & Planetary Science (abstract). 37 (12): 1815–1827. Bibcode:2002M&PS...37.1815K. doi:10.1111/j.1945-5100.2002.tb01165.x.

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