Comet Grigg–Skjellerup (formally designated 26P/Grigg–Skjellerup) is a periodic comet. It was visited by the Giotto probe in July 1992. The spacecraft came as close as 200 km, but could not take pictures because some instruments were damaged from its encounter with Halley's Comet.
|Discovered by||John Grigg and John Francis Skjellerup|
|Discovery date||1902 and 1922|
|1808 C1; 1808 III;|
1902 O1; 1902 II;
1902c; 1922 K1;
1922 I; 1922b;
1927 F1; 1927 V;
1927e; 1932 II;
1932d; 1937 III;
1937e; 1942 V;
1942d; 1947 II;
1947a; 1952 IV;
1952b; 1957 I;
1956i; 1961 IX;
1961g; 1967 I;
1966f; 1972 II;
1972b; 1977 VI;
1977b; 1982 IV;
1982a; 1987 X;
1986m; 1992 XVIII
|Orbital characteristics A|
|Epoch||April 10, 2007 (JD 2454200.5)|
|Semi-major axis||3.0437 AU|
|Orbital period||5.31 a|
|Earth MOID||0.079 AU (11,800,000 km)|
|Last perihelion||October 1, 2018|
July 6, 2013
March 23, 2008
|Next perihelion||2023-Dec-25 (JPL Horizons last obs 2019-09-30)|
The comet was discovered in 1902 by John Grigg of New Zealand, and rediscovered in its next appearance in 1922 by John Francis Skjellerup, an Australian then living and working for about two decades in South Africa where he was a founder member of the Astronomical Society of Southern Africa.
The comet has often suffered the gravitational influence of Jupiter, which has altered its orbit considerably. For instance, its perihelion distance has changed from 0.77 AU in 1725 to 0.89 AU in 1922 to 0.99 AU in 1977 and to 1.12 AU in 1999.
In 1972 the comet was discovered to produce a meteor shower, the Pi Puppids, and its current orbit makes them peak around April 23, for observers in the southern hemisphere, best seen when the comet is near perihelion.
Having its recent perihelion so close to Earth's orbit made it an easy target to reach for the Giotto mission (spacecraft) in 1992, whose primary mission was to Comet Halley. Giotto had a closest approach to Grigg–Skjellerup of 200 km, much closer than its approach to Comet Halley, but was unable to obtain images as its camera was destroyed during the Halley rendezvous in 1986.
The 2002 return (expected perihelion around October 8, 2002) was very unfavorable and no observations were reported.
- "26P/Grigg-Skjellerup Orbit". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 2014-06-16.
- Syuichi Nakano (2010-04-08). "26P/Grigg-Skjellerup (NK 1908)". OAA Computing and Minor Planet Sections. Retrieved 2012-02-18.
- "26P past, present and future orbital elements". May 3, 2010. Archived from the original on May 20, 2011.
- "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 26P/Grigg–Skjellerup" (2019-09-30 last obs). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 2020-09-29.
- "Giotto, ESA's first deep-space mission: 25 years ago". European Space Agency. March 11, 2011. Archived from the original on October 17, 2011.
- "Giotto's second comet encounter". European Space Agency. March 10, 2006. Archived from the original on January 19, 2012.
- Harmon, J.K; Campbell, D.B; Ostro, S.J; Nolan, M.C (1999). "Radar observations of comets" (PDF). Planetary and Space Science. 47 (12): 1409–1422. Bibcode:1999P&SS...47.1409H. doi:10.1016/S0032-0633(99)00068-9. Retrieved 22 November 2020.
- "Comet 26P/Grigg-Skjellerup, Outer Space". www.mindat.org. Archived from the original on May 20, 2017. Retrieved April 3, 2017.
- "NASA Finds New Type of Comet Dust Mineral". www.nasa.gov. June 12, 2008. Retrieved April 3, 2017.
- Orbital simulation from JPL (Java) / Horizons Ephemeris
- 26P/Grigg-Skjellerup – Seiichi Yoshida @ aerith.net
- ESA website about 26P/Grigg–Skjellerup
- Recovery of comet 26P/Grigg–Skjellerup (Remanzacco Observatory : December 26, 2012)